Published on March 15, 2014
Political Communication #5 Mark Boukes, et al.: Assessing the Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Opinionated News: How Opinionated News Affects Political Attitudes Ruud Wouters: Do Targets React and Third Parties Comment? Responsiveness and Scope Expansion in Television News Reports of Protest Demonstrations Sophie Lecheler et al.: Political News Framing on Effect Strength and Persistence Bjorn Burscher et al.: Automatic Coding of Policy Issues in News Articles and Parliamentary Questions: An SML-Approach
Assessing the Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Opinionated News: How Opinionated News Affects Political Attitudes Mark Boukes Hajo G. Boomgaarden Marjolein Moorman Claes H. De Vreese Etmaal van de Communicatiewetenschap 2014 4th February 2014, Wageningen
Opinionated “news” Not follow essential journalistic standards: - objectivity, fairness, and accuracy 3
Research Question and Theory How does opinionated news affect citizens’ political attitudes? Theory: Presumed influence Relative Hostile Media Phenomenom Are these consequential for politically relevant variables? 4
Hypothesis 1: The influence of Presumed influence 5 Presumed influence Perceived opinion climate H1a H1b H1c Attitude Objective news versus Opinionated news
Hypothesis 2: The influence of bias perceptions 6 Political preference: Left vs. Right Anger Perceived bias H2a H2b H2c Attitude Objective news versus Opinionated news
Method Experiment: randomized exposure to a TV news item 2 x 2 design 4 conditions: Adult sample recruited via Panelclix. 7 Opinionated PowNews (n = 61) Objective NOS (n = 59) Opinionated NOS (n = 61) Objective PowNews (n = 60)
Stimuli Topic: widening of the highway A27 -Broadcasted by NOS and PowNews -Clear debate structure with advocates and opponents •Video creation: - Original NOS item used as basis - 2 recorded voice-overs: neutral vs. opinionated - 2 source cues: NOS vs. PowNews 8
Partially latent structural regression model χ2(59) = 75.55, p = .072, CFI = .99; SRMR = .05, RMSEA = .04, 90% CI [.00, .06]. 10
11 Presumed influence Perceived opinion climate Attitude toward highway widening Objective NOS versus Opinionated PowNews Objective PowNews versus Opinionated PowNews Objective NOS versus Opinionated NOS + + + + + Results: Hypothesis 1
Results: Hypothesis 2 12 Political preference: Left vs. Right Perceived bias Objective NOS versus Opinionated PowNews Objective PowNews versus Opinionated PowNews Objective NOS versus Opinionated NOS + + + - - -
Results: Hypothesis 2 14 Results: Hypothesis 2 14 Political preference: Left vs. Right Anger Perceived bias Attitude toward highway widening Objective NOS versus Opinionated PowNews Objective PowNews versus Opinionated PowNews Objective NOS versus Opinionated NOS + + + - - - + –
Conclusion 2 mechanisms: one cognitive, one affective. Salience of a topic may influence strength of indirect effects - Low salience: Follow perceptions of the perceived majority - High salience: Likely to evoke hostile media perceptions Normal conditions: - Selective exposure ≠> hostile media perception Positive indirect effect - People also watch ideologically incongruent news, so hostile media effect will still occur. 15
Questions / Remarks? Assessing the Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Opinionated News: How Opinionated News Affects Political Attitudes Boukes, M. Boomgaarden, H. G. Moorman, M. de Vreese, C. H. Contact: email@example.com
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