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Ethics / Ethiek (under construction)

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Information about Ethics / Ethiek (under construction)
Education

Published on March 12, 2014

Author: rcsmit1

Source: slideshare.net

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Ethiek in infographics
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NARROW ETHICS Deontologie / plichtethiek (Kant) Consequentialisme / Utilarisme Act Utilarisme (Bentham) Rule Utilarisme (Mill) Je mag X martelen om de bom te vinden en 1000000 levens te redden Doel heiligt de middelen Nut voor de grootste groep zolang er geen leed aan anderen wordt aangedaan Norm: Menselijke integriteit is belangrijk Waarde : Martelen mag niet imperatief Categorisch imperatief Universaliteits principe Menselijkheid sprincipe Doe X Doe alleen dingen waarvan je vindt dat het een universele wet zou moeten zijn Mens kan nooit als middel worden ingezet om een doel te halen BROAD ETHICS Deugdethiek / virtue approach (Aristoteles) Intellectuele deugden Morele deugden •Doel is het bereiken van een gelukkig persoonlijk leven. •Wat is een goed leven? •Ask: “Does this action represent the kind of person I am or want to be?” •Ask: “Does it represent my organization’s reputation or vision of the kind of enterprise it wants to be?” Ethisch relativisme Ethisch subjectivisme Cultureel relativisme « Mijn gevoel zegt me » Moraal is kwestie van smaak Maatschappelijk niveau: Ieder cultuur heeft zijn eigen moraal Moraal wordt gezien als gewoonte Hypotetisch imperatief Als je X wilt, doe dan Y Benadering/indeling in Nederlandse boeken/sites

ETHICS Utilitarian approach Fairness approach Rights approach Common good approach The utilitarian approach : Which option will produce the most good and do the least harm? The rights approach : Which option best respects the rights of all stakeholders? The fairness or justice approach : Which option treats people equally or proportionately? The common good approach : Which option best serves the community as a whole, not just some members? The virtue approach : Which option leads me to act as the sort of person I want to be? Virtue approach Benadering/indeling in Engelse/Amerikaanse boeken/sites

A Framework for Ethical Decision Making Recognize an Ethical Issue 1. Could this decision or situation be damaging to someone or to some group? Does this decision involve a choice between a good and bad alternative, or perhaps between two "goods" or between two "bads"? 2. Is this issue about more than what is legal or what is most efficient? If so, how? Get the Facts 3. What are the relevant facts of the case? What facts are not known? Can I learn more about the situation? Do I know enough to make a decision? 4. What individuals and groups have an important stake in the outcome? Are some concerns more important? Why? 5. What are the options for acting? Have all the relevant persons and groups been consulted? Have I identified creative options? Evaluate Alternative Actions 6. Evaluate the options by asking the following questions: • Which option will produce the most good and do the least harm? (The Utilitarian Approach) • Which option best respects the rights of all who have a stake? (The Rights Approach) • Which option treats people equally or proportionately? (The Justice Approach) • Which option best serves the community as a whole, not just some members? (The Common Good Approach) • Which option leads me to act as the sort of person I want to be? (The Virtue Approach) Make a Decision and Test It 7. Considering all these approaches, which option best addresses the situation? 8. If I told someone I respect-or told a television audience-which option I have chosen, what would they say? Act and Reflect on the Outcome 9. How can my decision be implemented with the greatest care and attention to the concerns of all stakeholders? 10. How did my decision turn out and what have I learned from this specific situation?

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