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Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant

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Information about Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant
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Published on March 15, 2014

Author: joseradingarduque

Source: slideshare.net

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A Report by Jose Radin L. Garduque in MAT Soc. Sci. class of Prof. Jonathan Adjijil in Filamer Christian University, Roxas City (Second Semester, A.Y. 2013-2014)
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Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: • Personal Background, Education, Career, Philosophical Work, Astronomical Discovery, Studies, Teaching Career, Death • Teaching about Animals • Teachings about Morality • Teachings About Reason • Teachings about Happiness

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Personal Background Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Prussia (Germany). He was the fourth of nine children of Jonathan Kant, a harness-maker and Anna Regina Reuter.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Education After attending a Latin school for over eight years, Kant went to the University of Konigsberg at age 16 where he studied philosophy, mathematics and physics.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Career In 1746, his father died of stroke interrupting his studies. He left the university and earned a living as a private tutor in the smaller towns surrounding Konigsberg.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Philosophical Work Despite this, Kant pursued his researches and was able to publish his very first philosophical work which was entitled “Thoughts on the True Estimation of Living Forces”.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Astronomical Discovery At the age of 30 in 1754, Kant made an astronomical discovery about the nature of the earth’s rotation in which he won the Berlin Academy Prize.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Studies The following year (1755), Kant accepted the help of a friend to continue his study and by 1756, he received his doctorate.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching Career He returned to the University of Konigsberg and remained there for 15 years, teaching science, mathematics and philosophy.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching Career In 1770, he received his professorship in logic and metaphysics and continued to teach there for the next 27 years.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Writings In 1781, at the age of 57, Kant published his “Critique of Pure Reason”. The idea of this is to establish and investigate the legitimate limits of human knowledge.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Writings In 1797, after 27 years at Konigsberg, Kant introduced his “Metaphysics of Morals and Ethics” in which he placed reason as the fundamental authority for morality.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Death Kant’s health gradually failed and became worse. He died at Konigsberg at the age of 80 in February 12, 1804 uttering “Es ist gut” (It is good) before finally expiring.

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Animals “He who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Morality “Immaturity is the incapacity to use once intelligence without the guidance of another.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Morality “Two things awe me most – the starry sky above me and the moral law within me.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Morality “By a lie, a man annihilates his dignity as a man.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Morality “In law, a man is guilty when he violates the rights of others. In ethics, he is guilty if he only thinks of doing so.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Reason “All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Reason “Seek not the favour of the multitude; it is seldom got by honest and lawful means. But seek the testimony of few; and number not voices, but weigh them.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Happiness “It is not God’s will merely that will make us happy, but we should make ourselves happy.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Happiness “Morality is not the doctrine of how we may make ourselves happy, but how we make ourselves worthy of happiness.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: Teaching about Happiness “It is not necessary to live happily, but it is necessary to live honourably.”

Ethical Teachings of Immanuel Kant: A Report by Jose Radin L. Garduque in MAT Soc. Sci. class of Prof. Jonathan Adjijil in Filamer Christian University, Roxas City (Second Semester, A.Y. 2013-2014)

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