Esmeralda Lomeli The Polticial Effects of World War I

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Published on September 28, 2020

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Political Effects of World War I: Political Effects of World War I Miss. Lomeli 10 th Grade: World History October 3, 2020: October 3, 2020 Goals & Objectives: Students will be able to understand the aims and perspectives of at least three leaders in the post war. Students will be able to comprehend the outcomes of post war negotiations and at least three treaties. California State Content Standard: 10.6.1.  Analyze the aims and negotiating roles of world leaders, the terms and influence of the Treaty of Versailles and Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points, and the causes and effects of the United States’ rejection of the League of Nations on world politics. 
 Driving Historical Question(s):: Driving Historical Question(s): How did the aims, roles and treaties of world leaders (Clemenceau, Lloyd George, and Woodrow Wilson) influence world politics in the post war ? How did the Treaty of Versailles and Wilson’s Fourteen Points influence world politics ? What impact did the rejection of the United States’ League of Nation shape negotiations among nations? Recap of the Major Events of WWI: Recap of the Major Events of WWI Brief Recap of the Events of WWI:: Brief Recap of the Events of WWI: Directions: As you are watching the video clip follow your guided notes. Students will discuss the major points and check in with their partner after the video clip. https ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SLj5r2nZHB8 Brief Recap of the Events of WWI:: Brief Recap of the Events of WWI: The four M.A.I.N. causes of the war: M ilitarism: All involved parties wanted to build a stronger country through the boosting of the military. A lliances: Countries believed in partnerships with other countries with similar commitments. I mperialism: Countries take over countries to gain valuable resources/material. N ationalism: The belief that the love for one’s country to succeed and become powerful is of the most interest. Political Effects of World War I: Political Effects of World War I Before WWI After WWI The Post War:: The Post War: World War I officially ended on November 11, 1918. The Germans signed the armistice agreement. This ended all physical fighting . There were many solved questions: Who was responsible for the start of the war? How would countries rebuild their towns, economy, militaries? What would occur to the defeated countries? How will another major world war be avoided? ( Remember this is the Great War the war meant to end all wars! ) The Two Camps: : The Two Camps: Triple Entente : alliance among United States, France, Great Britain, Russia, and Italy of mutual self-defense . United States was led by Woodrow Wilson who created the Fourteen Points and drew the principles of the League of Nations . France whose prime minister was Georges Clemenceau and David Lloyd George the prime minister of Great Britain. Vittorio Orlando (Prime Minister of Italy and absen t in peace talks ). Central Powers: agreement of mutual self defense among Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire. Germany was led by Kaiser Wilhelm II Franz Joseph both a kaiser and king of Austria-Hungary. Tsar Ferdinand I led Bulgaria. Sultan Mehmed V ruled the Ottoman Empire. Paris Peace Conference & the Big Four:: Paris Peace Conference & the Big Four: On January 18, 1919, the Paris Peace Conference takes place over a six month period to decide the outcomes and geopolitical conditions of the world in the post war period. The Big Four/Three : Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George, and Orlando (did not have much interest) met to discuss to the demands for their country and the terms of peace. The Paris Peace Conference : Formalized peace with all the Central Powers. Established Wilson’s Fourteen Points Five treaties signed to ensure terms of peace Established Germany as responsible for starting the war under the ”War Guilt Clause” The Big Three: Woodrow Wilson : T he Big Three : Woodrow Wilson First United States president to travel to Europe (while in office) His intention was only to provide an outline to the conference but stayed the six months. Wilson was an idealist (believed in war but not militarism). Guided by self determination in which people have the right to rule themselves, free trade, open diplomacy, and collective security which the principles of the Fourteen Points reflect. The Fourteen Points statements that outlined to negotiate and maintain peace. Critical Thinking Question: # 1: Critical Thinking Question: # 1 Analyze how Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points reflect his ideals of guidance. ( Based on the provided excerpt. Write down the analysis in the guided notes .) League of Nations: League of Nations Created by The 14 th point of the Fourteen Points created by U.S. President Wilson . T he League of Nations is organization where nations could resolve disputes/conflicts in a diplomatic manner without warfare. Failed because: The United States Congress did not ratify the it therefore the U.S. did not join. At the time the United States had an isolationist view in which they did not want to intervene international affairs. Absence of Japan, Italy, Germany (major powers). Critical Thinking Question: # 2: Critical Thinking Question : # 2 Identify why the League of Nations failed? Reflect in guided notes and then discuss with your partner. The Big Three: Georges Clemenceau : The Big Three : Georges Clemenceau Prime Minister of France After the war, France is completely devastated. 25% of Frenchmen between 18 – 25 died Loss of 90% of iron core 65% steel ruined 20% crops lost Sought full retribution and blame towards Germany as well as monetary compensation to rebuild France. The Big Three: David Lloyd George : The Big Three : David Lloyd George Prime Minister of Britain Supported imperialism At the conference, his main objective was to ensure Britain’s interests and build good relationships with other countries. Did not want heavy reparations (monetary payments from the defeated Central Powers) on Germany because he believed Germany would balance France out necessary, after WWI. However, did seek economic reparations to help Britain rebuild economically. Critical Thinking Question: # 3: Critical Thinking Question : # 3 Differentiate the aims of the Big Three at the Paris Peace Conference. (Note refer to the filled out the graphic organizer in guided notes, write the answer in the space provided then share your findings with your partner). Treaties: Treaties Treaty of Versailles : Treaty of Versailles Signed on June 28, 1919 Primarily Germany (as well as its allies) assumed full responsibility for damages and losses known as the war guilt clause . Germany had to renounce some conquered territories and completely disarm. Germany had to pay reparations (monetary value to fix the wrong of initiating the war). Treaty of Saint-Germain : Treaty of Saint-Germain Signed on September 10, 1919 Dissolved the Austro-Hungarian Empire Created the new Republic of Austria with the condition that 60% of this territory be independent. Allows for the creation of new nations: Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia Poland Treaty of Neuilly : Treaty of Neuilly Signed on November 27, 1919 Bulgaria cedes land to Romania, Greece, and Yugoslavia. Bulgaria also faces the loss of all access to the Aegean Sea. Final Critical Thinking Question: # 4 Class Discussion: Final Critical Thinking Question: # 4 Class Discussion Based on what yo u know; how would you explain the post war negotiations ? What choice(s) would you have made at these peace talks? (Take the perspective of one of the Big Three and focus on three treaties.)

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