Ergonomics Training 6 06

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Information about Ergonomics Training 6 06
Education

Published on March 5, 2008

Author: Teodora

Source: authorstream.com

Ergonomics:  Ergonomics Make the job fit the worker Ergonomics is defined as the study of work and is based on the principle that the job should be adapted to fit the person rather than forcing the person to fit the job. Bureau of Labor Statistics – 2000:  Bureau of Labor Statistics – 2000 27.3% Lost/restricted workdays were due to overexertion 15.4% Lost/restricted workdays were due to overexertion in lifting Wisconsin Workers’ Comp – 2001:  Wisconsin Workers’ Comp – 2001 46% of all claims were strains 22% of all claims involved the lower back The average cost for lost wages for these claims was $4,448 Bureau of Labor Statistics – 2003:  Bureau of Labor Statistics – 2003 1,300,000 injuries and illnesses in private industry required recuperation away from work beyond the day of incident. Sprains and strains, most often involving the back, accounted for 43% of injuries and illnesses resulting in days away from work (43% of 1.3M = 559,000). Ergonomics:  Ergonomics Force Lack of recovery time Repetition Awkward posture Does your job give you a pain in the “neck”?:  Does your job give you a pain in the “neck”? Is there anything that can be done? Can the job be made more worker-friendly? Most likely – YES! Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Clues::  Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Clues: Employee fatigue or discomfort Employees restricting their movements or range of motion because of fatigue or discomfort (e.g., a stiff neck, sore shoulder, or backache) Employees modifying tools, equipment, or workstations on their own High absenteeism or employee turnover rates Poor product or service quality High error rates or waste of materials Employee complaints Work structure bottlenecks Employee reports of problems Let’s be Pro-Active:  Let’s be Pro-Active Eliminate manual handling, if/when possible Keep objects high enough to avoid bending Keep items below shoulder height Keep objects close to the body Reduce the weight of lifted objects Reduce the size of objects Provide handles Utilize mechanical assists or get help Eliminate twisting Provide adequate workspace Let’s be Pro-Active:  Let’s be Pro-Active Evaluate the tasks and hazards: http://www.doa.state.wi.us/docs_view2.asp?docid=2601 Strengthen your back: http://dohs.ors.od.nih.gov/industrial.htm Let’s be Pro-Active:  Let’s be Pro-Active Select tools that are less likely to cause injury: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-164/pdfs/2004-164.pdf What must we do?:  What must we do? Engineering Controls Raise or lower the work surface or the employee — reduces bending, reaching, and awkward postures. Use cutout work surfaces — allows employees to get closer to their work, reducing visual effort and awkward postures. Reposition the work — reduces bending and reaching. Keep equipment in good repair (mufflers). What must we do?:  What must we do? Administrative Controls Job rotation and job enlargement strategies could be used to increase variety in jobs. Job rotation means rotating employees through different jobs. Job enlargement means increasing the variety by combining two or more jobs or adding tasks to a particular job. What must we do?:  What must we do? Personal Protective Equipment PPE includes gloves, knee and elbow pads, safety boots, eye protection, hearing protection, respirators, hard hats, and other items that employees wear. Ergonomics Training:  Ergonomics Training An important part of an effective ergonomics program is training and education. For improvements to be effective, employees need to be trained thoroughly and given opportunities for hands-on practice with any new tools, equipment, or work procedures. The goals for training should include a mix of the knowledge and the skills needed to work safely. Employees should always be informed of any workplace changes before implementation. Hearing Conservation:  Hearing Conservation NOW HEAR THIS: Loud noises can cause hearing loss by damaging the delicate hair cells in the inner ear. Most of the time this damage happens gradually when prolonged exposure to loud sounds exhausts these hair cells, says Dr. Mark Stephenson, NIOSH audiologist. As noise levels increase, the tiny cilia at the top of the hair cells can be injured or broken off. Entire groups of these hair cells can even be torn away. Hair cells don't repair themselves. So when enough hair cells are damaged, a hearing loss results. Hearing Conservation:  Hearing Conservation HEARING CONSERVATION: The occupational noise standard 29 CFR 1910.95 states that the employer must retain records of noise exposure measurements and audiometric tests for at least the following periods: Noise exposure measurement records will be retained for two years. Audiometric test records will be retained for the duration of the affected worker’s employment plus 30 years. Hearing Conservation:  Hearing Conservation STANDARD THRESHOLD SHIFT AND ADJUSTMENT FOR AGE A Standard Threshold Shift is a change in hearing threshold relative to the baseline audiogram of an average of 10 dB or more at 2000, 3000, and 4000 Hz in either ear. In determining whether a standard threshold shift has occurred, allowance MAY NOT be made for the contribution of aging (presbycusis) to the change in hearing level by correcting the annual audiogram according to the statutes and administrative rules described in (DWD 80.25) Hearing Protection Devices :  Hearing Protection Devices Hearing protectors are available to all employees whose daily average noise exposures are 85 dBA or above. NIOSH recommends requiring HPD use if noises equal or exceed 85 dBA regardless of exposure time. Audiogram screenings are available annually (3667). Hearing Conservation:  Hearing Conservation AUDIOGRAMS ARE MEDICAL RECORDS Audiograms are medical records. Audiograms can be retained in an employee’s employment medical file or by the healthcare provider doing the hearing test. The records are confidential but can be reviewed or obtained through a signed release from the employee (HIPPA form). Loud Equipment - 2005:  Loud Equipment - 2005 Ergonomics & Hearing Conservation:  Ergonomics & Hearing Conservation Ergonomics: Adapt the job to the worker. Major cause of injuries: Sprains & Strains - mainly back injuries (559,000 in 2003). Jobs can usually be made more worker-friendly. Evaluate tasks, strengthen your back, implement engineering controls, administrative controls, personal protective equipment, and use ergonomic tools. Hearing: Hearing losses are permanent. HPDs are available. Noise measurements can be/have been made. Audiogram screenings are available and free (3667).

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