Environmental Management- Session 2

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Information about Environmental Management- Session 2

Published on February 28, 2009

Author: puneit

Source: authorstream.com

Environmental Management : Environmental Management Session 2 Improved Environmental Performance Motivated Employees` Reduce Environmental Risk Competitive Advantage Reduced Costs Better Image Legal Security ISO 14000 Standards : ISO 14000 Standards ISO 14001 Environmental Management System – requirements with guidance for use ISO 14004 Environmental Management System – General Guidance on Principles, Systems and Supporting Techniques ISO 14004 provides additional guidance for organisation on the design, development and maintenance of an EMS ISO 14000 Standards : ISO 14000 Standards ISO 14020:2000 Environmental Labels & Declarations – General Principles Provides guidelines & principles for self-declaration environmental claims (environmental labelling) made by manufacturers, importers distributors & retailers ISO 14020:2001 Environmental Labels & Declarations – Self Declared Environmental Claims ISO 14000 Standards : ISO 14000 Standards ISO 14024:1999 Environmental Labels and Declarations – Type I Environmental Labelling – Principles and Procedures Guidance for establishing a certification programme for third-party environmental claims ISO 14025:2000 Environmental Labels and Declarations – Type III Environmental Labelling – Principles and Procedures Guidance on product environmental effects ISO 14000 Standards : ISO 14000 Standards ISO 14031:1999 Environmental Performance Evaluation – Guidelines Provides guidelines and principles for determining environmental performance of an organisation ISO 14032:1999 Examples of Environmental Performance Evaluation ISO 14040:1997 Life Cycle Assessment – Principles of Framework ISO 14041:1998 Life Cycle Assessment - Goals and Scope Definition and Inventory Analysis Methodology for definition of goal and scope, performance of LCA, interpretation and reporting ISO 14000 Standards : ISO 14000 Standards ISO 14042:2000 Life Cycle Assessment –Life Cycle Impact Assessment Provides guidelines and principles for determining environmental impacts arising from production, use and disposal of a product or provision of a service ISO 14043:2000 Life Cycle Assessment – Life Cycle Assessment Life Cycle Interpretation ISO 14048:2002 Life Cycle Assessment – Life Cycle Assessment Data Documentation Format ISO 14000 Standards : ISO 14000 Standards ISO 14050:2002 Environmental Management-Vocabulary Provides terms and definition for the above standards ISO 14061:1998 Information to assist forestry organisations in the use of EMS standards of 14001 and ISO 14004 ISO 14062: 2002 Environmental Management – integrating environmental aspects into product design and development ISO 14001 : ISO 14001 Control and Reduce Impact on Environment Reasons to go for ISO 14001 : Reasons to go for ISO 14001 To gain or retain market share via a green corporate image To attract more ethical investment To reduce insurance risk To reduce prosecution risk To reduce costs Environmental Impact : Environmental Impact Definition: Any change to the environment whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organisation’s activities, products, or services Identification & assessment of the significance of environmental impacts is critical for preparing for ISO 14001 Requirements of ISO 14001 - EMS : Requirements of ISO 14001 - EMS Development of an environmental policy Identification of environmental aspects and evaluation of associated environmental impact Establishment of relevant legal & regulatory requirements Development & maintenance of environmental objectives & targets Requirements of ISO 14001 - EMS : Requirements of ISO 14001 - EMS Implementation of a documented system, including elements of training, operational controls and dealing with emergencies Monitoring & measurement of operational activities Environmental internal auditing Management reviews of the system to ensure its continuing effectiveness and suitability Clauses of ISO 14001 : Clauses of ISO 14001 4.1 General Requirements 4.2 Environmental Policy 4.3 Planning 4.4 Implementation & Operation 4.5 Checking & Corrective Action 4.6 Management Review 4.0 Preparatory Environmental Review ISO 14001 Implementation Cycle for Continuous Improvement : ISO 14001 Implementation Cycle for Continuous Improvement 4.0 Preparatory Environmental Review : 4.0 Preparatory Environmental Review It is mandated by the standard, but suggested that an organisation with no pre-existing environmental management system should establish its current position, with regard to the environment, by a review Can be conducted Using internal resources External environmental consultants Checklist for PER : Checklist for PER Legislative and regulatory requirements Identification of significant environmental aspects Examination of existing environmental practices and procedures Assessment of previous incidents Legislative and Regulatory Requirements : Legislative and Regulatory Requirements Air Emissions Solid Waste to Land Water Other requirements Any forthcoming requirements Previous incidents of any breach Identification of Significant Environmental Aspects : Identification of Significant Environmental Aspects Should include an assessment of previous incidents – both abnormal and under emergency situations Abnormal conditions Unexpected events Start up & shut down of continuous process Emergency situations Fire, floods, chemical spillage, fugitive emission of gases 4.1 General Requirements : 4.1 General Requirements Describes the intended purpose of EMS EMS is intended to show an improvement in environmental performance This clause of the standard states that the organisation shall establish, document, implement, maintain and continually improve an EMS, the requirements of which are described in whole of clause 4 4.2 Environmental Policy : 4.2 Environmental Policy The standard requires that the top management shall define the organisation’s environment policy and ensure that it Is appropriate to the nature, scale and environmental impacts of its activities, products or services within the defined scope of the EMS Includes a commitment to continual improvement and prevention of pollution Includes a commitment to comply with applicable environmental legislation and regulations, and with other requirements to which the organisation subscribes 4.2 Environmental Policy : 4.2 Environmental Policy Provides the framework for setting and reviewing environmental objectives and targets Is documented, implemented and maintained, and communicated to all persons within the organisation Is available to public The policy should be relevant to significant impacts of the organisation and should focus on them 4.2 Environmental Policy : 4.2 Environmental Policy 4.2 Environmental Policy : 4.2 Environmental Policy Environmental Policy : Environmental Policy “We will monitor and minimise the impacts of current operations on the environment” Does this mean that all impacts will be minimised – not the significant ones initially? The task will be tremendous and will not be workable. Poor Focus “We will ensure that sub-contractors and suppliers apply environmental standards” Are you going to force your sub-contractors to go for ISO 14001? If so, by when? S.M.A.R.T : S.M.A.R.T Specific Measurable Attainable Realistic Timely Environmental Policy : Environmental Policy “Through measurement and examination of the impact of its own activities the company seeks to eliminate or reduce the production of pollution” “We will work with suppliers and customers to influence them positively in terms of our environmental policy” Lighting Company Example : Lighting Company Example A lighting company manufacturing light bulbs and fluorescent tubes To consider the environmental aspects of all processes and/or materials, existing and new and to apply best available technology, where appropriate, to help demonstrate our commitment to prevention of pollution To fund research into longer life products, thus saving valuable non-renewable raw materials The factory’s objectives to reduce the environmental aspects on site will be made available to the public and stakeholders, through the improvement plan and associated projects. These will be implemented through individual improvement meetings Lighting Company Example : Lighting Company Example To consider the environmental policies our suppliers when purchasing raw materials and to encourage the use of recycled/ or recyclable products where practicable To seek out alternatives to the use of rare metals in the manufacturing process To comply with all the relevant environmental laws, regulations and corporate policies. The plant will work to achieve whichever sets the highest standard 4.3 Planning : 4.3 Planning Addresses all the steps necessary in designing from the initial identification of environmental aspects to setting of objectives and targets within the framework of applicable legislation 4.3.1Environmental Aspects Use of resources such as energy, raw materials Accidental releases to the environment such as fires, leakages etc. Development of land, including visual impacts, landscaping, drainage, pest control, changes to natural habitats Products and by products 4.4 Implementation & Operation : 4.4 Implementation & Operation There are 7 sub-clauses 4.4.1: Resources, roles, responsibility and authority 4.4.2: Competence, training and awareness 4.4.3: Communication 4.4.4: Documentation 4.4.5: Control of Documents 4.4.6: Operational control 4.4.7: Emergency preparedness and response 4.4.1: Resources, roles, responsibility and authority : 4.4.1: Resources, roles, responsibility and authority Commitment from all employees in the organisation Ensure sufficient finance is available Clear cut reporting structure Management representative to be appointed, can be from existing staff – senior member 4.4.2: Competence, Training & Awareness : 4.4.2: Competence, Training & Awareness Ensure training needs are identified Ensure planned needs are met Verify that the training has achieved its purpose – increased awareness Verify following the training, the individual is competent at apply into the awareness gained to their particular job 4.4.3: Communication : 4.4.3: Communication Covers both Internal and External communication Internal Communication Communicating environmental objectives and targets to the employees Raising awareness of environmental issues to the employees Communicating the environmental policy to employees Advising of non-conformances to relevant departmental heads Reporting of incidents arising from abnormal or emergency operation to senior management 4.4.3: Communication : 4.4.3: Communication External Communication Dealing with environmental complaints or proactively inviting such stakeholders, or “green” pressure groups to the site. They could also involve inviting schools/colleges to the site for educational purposes Responding to media enquires, especially in the event of an incident 4.4.4: Documentation : 4.4.4: Documentation Organisation shall establish and maintain information, in paper or electronic form, to Describe the main elements of the EMS and their interaction Include documentation required by ISO 14001 Documentation determined by organisation itself Records required by ISO 14001 Provide direction (or reference) to related documentation Hierarchy of Documentation : Hierarchy of Documentation 4.4.5: Control of Documents : 4.4.5: Control of Documents The organisation to establish and maintain procedures for controlling all documents to ensure that They are legible and really identified They are periodically reviewed and approved for adequacy The relevant versions are available at point of use Obsolete documents are removed or if retained, suitably identified Any documents of external origin are suitably identified 4.4.6: Operational Control : 4.4.6: Operational Control Identification of operations and activities associated with the identified significant environmental aspects of organisation Areas to look into... Waste Management Packaging waste Contractors coming on site Suppliers Monitoring for compliance with site licences Housekeeping Waste Management : Waste Management Identify who is responsible for ensuring legal compliance when waste is removed from site Put procedures in place how appropriate documentation is completed correctly and filed away for the prescribed period of time Include provisions for waste skips to be protected from winds/rains Conduct audits on waste carriers and landfill sites Ensure all steps to prevent pollution and also avoid adverse publicity from media and unwanted attention from regulatory body Packaging Waste : Packaging Waste Recover certain percentages of waste and recycle set amounts Identify a scrap dealer and ensure proper documentation as accepted by local municipality This has to be done periodically Details of the time intervals and method of recycling should be submitted/endorsed by the regulatory authority Contractors Coming on Site : Contractors Coming on Site The procedure should detail the requirement for contractors working on the site Communication in the following form may be made available to the contractors Site contact names and internal phone numbers What to do in case of emergency List of actions which are considered unacceptable such as improper waste disposal, etc. Suppliers : Suppliers The objective is to stipulate the grade of material that have low environmental impacts in production, use, and disposal Monitoring for Compliance with Site Licences : Monitoring for Compliance with Site Licences Regulatory bodies periodically check various licences Regular monitoring must be done on the parameters in order to have a healthy chit Housekeeping : Housekeeping In ISO 14001 housekeeping means “the visual appearance of the site” Housekeeping inspections should be detailed as to frequency and measures of compliance 4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response : 4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response Establish and maintain procedures to identify the potential for, and the response to, accidents and emergency situations, in order to prevent and mitigate the environmental impacts that may be associated with them Review and revise the importance of learning from incidents. Testing of emergency plans should be planned 4.5 Checking and Corrective Action : 4.5 Checking and Corrective Action 4.5.1: Monitoring and Measurement 4.5.2: Evaluation of Compliance 4.5.3: Non-conformity, corrective and preventive actions 4.5.4: Records 4.5.5: Internal audit 4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement : Establish and maintain procedures to monitor and measure on a regular basis the key characteristics of its operations and activities that can have a significant impact on the environment 4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement 4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement : 4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement It means operating processes that can check whether something is happening as intended or planned E.g. Housekeeping audit to occur twice a week is a monitoring process Here size or magnitude of an event is measure, calculated or estimated with a numerical value assigned E.g. Amount of electricity consumed per week Monitoring Measurement 4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance : 4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance This is linked to 4.3.2 Legal and other requirements to ensure that breaches of such applicable environment legal requirements do not occur This is taken care of by auditing Audit checklists should indicate clearly that compliance is verified 4.5.3 Non-Conformity, Corrective and Preventive Actions : 4.5.3 Non-Conformity, Corrective and Preventive Actions The standard requires that the organisation shall establish and maintain procedures for controlling non-conformities and for taking corrective and preventive action to mitigate any impacts caused The organisation must have Capability of detecting non-conformances Set up mechanisms for correcting each non-conformity Systems in place to prevent reoccurring of non-conformity 4.5.4: Records : 4.5.4: Records Standard states that organisation shall establish and maintain procedures for Identification Storage Protection Retrieval Retention Disposition of environmental records 4.5.5. Internal Audit : 4.5.5. Internal Audit Determine whether EMS conforms to planned arrangements and meets the requirements of the standard Provide feedback to management of the results of such audit, which are performed in a planned and periodic basis to reflect the environmental significance of the activities being audited 4.6 Management Review : 4.6 Management Review Top management shall be at planned intervals Review EMS Ensure its continuing Stability Adequacy Effectiveness Summary : Summary Kyoto Protocol : Kyoto Protocol Protocol to the United Nation Framework Convention of Climate Change (UNFCCC) International Environmental treaty produced at Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil June 3-14 1992 To achieve stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentration in atmosphere to prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with climatic system Reduction of 4 GHGs Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide Sulphur hexafluoride And two groups of gases Hydro fluorocarbons Per fluorocarbons 5 Principles Concepts of Kyoto Protocol : 5 Principles Concepts of Kyoto Protocol Commitments: The heart of the Protocol lies in establishing commitments for the reduction of GHG Implementation: Countries are required to prepare policies and measures for the reduction of GHG in their respective countries. Minimizing Impacts on Developing Countries by establishing an adaptation fund for climate change Accounting, Reporting and Review in order to ensure the integrity of the Protocol Compliance: Establishing a Compliance Committee to enforce compliance with the commitments under the Protocol Kyoto Protocol : Kyoto Protocol Industrialised nations to reduce collective GHG emissions by 5.2% compared to 1990 8% for EU 7% for USA 6% for Japan 0% Russia 8% increase for Australia 0% increase for Iceland Kyoto Protocol : Kyoto Protocol Cap and trade protocol Permits emissions trading Carbon Footprint : Carbon Footprint Total set of GHG emission caused directly and indirectly by an individual, organisation, event or product Once size of the footprint is known, only then strategies can be devised to reduce it puneit.singh@gmail.com93508320209953324595 : puneit.singh@gmail.com93508320209953324595 Thank You

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