Environmental Health Programs

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Information about Environmental Health Programs
Education

Published on December 1, 2008

Author: pccampo

Source: slideshare.net

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This is for NSTP-CWTS 2 students of UERMMMC-CN only

Environmental Health Programs (RP-DOH) and Facts about Healthy Environments UERMMMC NSTP – CWTS II November 30, 2008

Environmental Health-DOH Concerned with preventing illness through managing the environment and by changing people's behavior to reduce exposure to biological and non-biological agents of disease and injury.  Concerned primarily with effects of the environment to the health of the people.

Concerned with preventing illness through managing the environment and by changing people's behavior to reduce exposure to biological and non-biological agents of disease and injury. 

Concerned primarily with effects of the environment to the health of the people.

Program Strategies & Activities Focused on environmental sanitation, environmental health impact assessment and occupational health through inter-agency collaboration.  Inter-Agency Committee on Environmental Health ( E.O. 489) - facilitate and improve coordination among concerned agencies for technical collaboration, effective monitoring and communication, resource mobilization, policy review and development.  The Committee has five sectoral task forces on water, solid waste, air, toxic and chemical substances and occupational health.

Focused on environmental sanitation, environmental health impact assessment and occupational health through inter-agency collaboration. 

Inter-Agency Committee on Environmental Health ( E.O. 489) - facilitate and improve coordination among concerned agencies for technical collaboration, effective monitoring and communication, resource mobilization, policy review and development. 

The Committee has five sectoral task forces on water, solid waste, air, toxic and chemical substances and occupational health.

Vision-Mission-Goal Vision: Health Settings for All Filipinos Mission: Provide leadership in ensuring health settings Goal: Reduction of environmental and occupational related diseases, disabilities and deaths through health promotion and mitigation of hazards and risks in the environment and workplaces.

Vision: Health Settings for All Filipinos

Mission:

Provide leadership in ensuring health settings

Goal:

Reduction of environmental and occupational related diseases, disabilities and deaths through health promotion and mitigation of hazards and risks in the environment and workplaces.

Environmental Health Program Environmental Sanitation It is the prevention and control of diseases by eliminating or controlling the environmental factors which may form links in disease transmission . It is the study of all factors in man’s physical environment which may exercise a deleterious effect on his health, well-being and survival.

Environmental Sanitation

It is the prevention and control of diseases by eliminating or controlling the environmental factors which may form links in disease transmission .

It is the study of all factors in man’s physical environment which may exercise a deleterious effect on his health, well-being and survival.

Importance of Environmental Sanitation It promotes health It prevents disease transmission It eliminates breeding places of insects and rodents that may be carrier of diseases It improves the quality of life

It promotes health

It prevents disease transmission

It eliminates breeding places of insects and rodents that may be carrier of diseases

It improves the quality of life

Environmental Health Programs Components of Environmental Sanitation Water Supply Sanitation Solid Waste Management Food Sanitation Insect and Vermin Control Excreta and Sewerage Disposal Housing and Public Places Sanitation Environmental Protection Hospital Waste Management

Components of Environmental Sanitation

Water Supply Sanitation

Solid Waste Management

Food Sanitation

Insect and Vermin Control

Excreta and Sewerage Disposal

Housing and Public Places Sanitation

Environmental Protection

Hospital Waste Management

Environmental Health Services (EHS) Water Supply Sanitation (Based on PD 856 of 1998): Level I (Point Source) – protected well or developed spring with an outlet but without a distribution system (15-25 HH; not more than 250 meters from the farthest user; 40-140 liters per minute) Level II (Communal Faucet System or Stand-Post) – system composed of reservoir, piped distribution network and communal faucets (located not more than 25 meters from the farthest house) Level III (Waterworks system or Individual House Connections)

Water Supply Sanitation (Based on PD 856 of 1998):

Level I (Point Source) – protected well or developed spring with an outlet but without a distribution system (15-25 HH; not more than 250 meters from the farthest user; 40-140 liters per minute)

Level II (Communal Faucet System or Stand-Post) – system composed of reservoir, piped distribution network and communal faucets (located not more than 25 meters from the farthest house)

Level III (Waterworks system or Individual House Connections)

Environmental Health Service (EHS) RHU – should come up with operational plan and solicits help from EHS if necessary. National Standard for Drinking Water set by DOH should be the framework of all efforts in water sanitation Water examination should only be done by DOH and accredited private entities Regulation of bottled water distribution especially in densely populated areas

RHU – should come up with operational plan and solicits help from EHS if necessary.

National Standard for Drinking Water set by DOH should be the framework of all efforts in water sanitation

Water examination should only be done by DOH and accredited private entities

Regulation of bottled water distribution especially in densely populated areas

Environmental Health Service (EHS) Excreta and Sewage Disposal Toilet Facilities Level I – non-water carriage toilet facility (pit latrines, cat-hole method); toilet requiring small amount of water (pour-flush toilet and aqua privies) Level II – on-site toilet facilities of the water carriage type with water sealed or flush type with septic tank disposal facilities Level III – water carriage types of toilet facilities connected to septic tank and/or sewage system to treatment plant

Excreta and Sewage Disposal

Toilet Facilities

Level I – non-water carriage toilet facility (pit latrines, cat-hole method); toilet requiring small amount of water (pour-flush toilet and aqua privies)

Level II – on-site toilet facilities of the water carriage type with water sealed or flush type with septic tank disposal facilities

Level III – water carriage types of toilet facilities connected to septic tank and/or sewage system to treatment plant

Environmental Health Service (EHS) Food Sanitation Program Inspection/approval of all food sources, containers and transport vehicle Compliance to Sanitary Permit requirements for all food establishments Provision of updated health certificate for food handlers Destruction or banning of food unfit for human consumption Training of food handlers and operators on food sanitation

Food Sanitation Program

Inspection/approval of all food sources, containers and transport vehicle

Compliance to Sanitary Permit requirements for all food establishments

Provision of updated health certificate for food handlers

Destruction or banning of food unfit for human consumption

Training of food handlers and operators on food sanitation

Environmental Health Service (EHS) Food Establishment shall be rated and classified as follows: Class A – Excellent Class B – Very satisfactory Class C – Satisfactory Regulation of ambulant food vendors Household food sanitation (through IEC activities)

Food Establishment shall be rated and classified as follows:

Class A – Excellent

Class B – Very satisfactory

Class C – Satisfactory

Regulation of ambulant food vendors

Household food sanitation (through IEC activities)

Environmental Health Service (EHS) Hospital Waste Management All newly constructed/authorized and existing government and private hospitals shall prepare and implement HWM Program as a requirement of registration/renewal of licenses The use of appropriate technology and indigenous resources Training of all hospital personnel on HWM Public information campaign on health hazards and nosocomial infection Incinerators should not be used anymore (Clean Air Act)

Hospital Waste Management

All newly constructed/authorized and existing government and private hospitals shall prepare and implement HWM Program as a requirement of registration/renewal of licenses

The use of appropriate technology and indigenous resources

Training of all hospital personnel on HWM

Public information campaign on health hazards and nosocomial infection

Incinerators should not be used anymore (Clean Air Act)

10 Facts on Preventing Disease through Healthy Environments (WHO, 2008) Environmental hazards = responsible for about 25% of the total burden of disease worldwide, and nearly 35% in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa. As many as 13 million deaths can be prevented every year by making our environments healthier. Environmental factors have high impact on public health.

Environmental hazards = responsible for about 25% of the total burden of disease worldwide, and nearly 35% in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa.

As many as 13 million deaths can be prevented every year by making our environments healthier.

Environmental factors have high impact on public health.

10 Facts… Fact 1 Worldwide, 13 million deaths could be prevented every year by making our environments healthier. Fact 2 In children under the age of five, one third of all disease is caused by the environmental factors such as unsafe water and air pollution. Fact 3 Every year, the lives of four million children under 5 years – mostly in developing countries – could be saved by preventing environmental risks such as unsafe water and polluted air. Fact 4 In developing countries, the main environmentally caused diseases are diarrhoeal disease, lower respiratory infections, unintentional injuries, and malaria.

Fact 1

Worldwide, 13 million deaths could be prevented every year by making our environments healthier.

Fact 2

In children under the age of five, one third of all disease is caused by the environmental factors such as unsafe water and air pollution.

Fact 3

Every year, the lives of four million children under 5 years – mostly in developing countries – could be saved by preventing environmental risks such as unsafe water and polluted air.

Fact 4

In developing countries, the main environmentally caused diseases are diarrhoeal disease, lower respiratory infections, unintentional injuries, and malaria.

10 Facts… Fact 5 Better environmental management could prevent 40% of deaths from malaria, 41% of deaths from lower respiratory infections, and 94% of deaths from diarrhoeal disease – three of the world's biggest childhood killers. Fact 6 In the least developed countries, one third of death and disease is a direct result of environmental causes. Fact 7 In developed countries, healthier environments could significantly reduce the incidence of cancers, cardiovascular diseases, asthma, lower respiratory infections, musculoskeletal diseases, road traffic injuries, poisonings, and drownings. Fact 8 Environmental factors influence 85 out of the 102 categories of diseases and injuries listed in The world health report.

Fact 5

Better environmental management could prevent 40% of deaths from malaria, 41% of deaths from lower respiratory infections, and 94% of deaths from diarrhoeal disease – three of the world's biggest childhood killers.

Fact 6

In the least developed countries, one third of death and disease is a direct result of environmental causes.

Fact 7

In developed countries, healthier environments could significantly reduce the incidence of cancers, cardiovascular diseases, asthma, lower respiratory infections, musculoskeletal diseases, road traffic injuries, poisonings, and drownings.

Fact 8

Environmental factors influence 85 out of the 102 categories of diseases and injuries listed in The world health report.

10 Facts… Fact 9 Much of this death, illness and disability could be prevented through well targeted interventions such as promoting safe household water storage, better hygiene measures and the use of cleaner and safer fuels. Fact 10 Other interventions that can make environments healthier include: increasing the safety of buildings; promoting safe, careful use and management of toxic substances at home and in the workplace; and better water resource management.

Fact 9

Much of this death, illness and disability could be prevented through well targeted interventions such as promoting safe household water storage, better hygiene measures and the use of cleaner and safer fuels.

Fact 10

Other interventions that can make environments healthier include: increasing the safety of buildings; promoting safe, careful use and management of toxic substances at home and in the workplace; and better water resource management.

The End References: Department of Health-Republic of the Philippines. (2006). Environmental health . Retrieved Dec. 14, 2007 from http://www.doh.gov.ph/programs/environmental_health . World Health Organization. (2008). Ten facts on preventing disease through healthy environments. Retrieved December 19, 2007 from http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/environmental_health/en/index.html .

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