English class 18: Conditionals / would rather and had better

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Information about English class 18: Conditionals / would rather and had better
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Published on March 20, 2014

Author: JuanJosSimnPrez

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English grammar, Conditionals / would rather and had better

English class 18 Elementary level Juan José Simón Pérez learnenglishesol.weebly.com

CONDITIONALS I  Condicionales son estructuras utilizadas para expresar que una situación ocurrirá solo si ocurre otra previamente.  La condición pude ser real o imaginaria, y el resultado puede ser definido o simplemente posible.  Las frases condicionales mas comunes se forman con la partícula ‘IF’. También se sustituye ‘IF’ por: WHEN (la mas común), UNLESS, BEFORE, AFTER, AS SOON AS…

CONDITIONALS I  En inglés existen cuatro tipos de condicionales, dependiendo de la situación: 1. Zero conditional 2. First conditional 3. Second conditional 4. Third conditional  Se pueden formar otros tipos mezclando los tipos anteriores.  En esta unidad estudiaremos los tres primeros tipos.

CONDITIONALS I  ZERO CONDITIONAL  El ‘zero conditional’ se usa al hablar de hechos o situaciones que siempre son verdad. If you have children, you worry about them all the time.  ESTRUCTURA:  If + subject + present simple… , subject + present simple… When people laugh, they reduce their stress.

CONDITIONALS I  Exercise 1. Make sentences in Zero conditional using the correct verb tenses. 1) If I _____ (to eat) too much, I always _____ (to have) stomach ache. 2) When it _____ (to snow), the landscape ____ (to become) white. 3) Mike always ____ (to tell) me the same when he ____ (to be) in trouble. 4) If I ____ (not / sleep) 7 hours at least, I _____ (to have) problems to wake up.

CONDITIONALS I  Answers. 1) If I EAT too much, I always HAVE stomach ache. 2) When it SNOWS, the landscape BECOMES white. 3) Mike always TELLS me the same when he IS in trouble. 4) If I DON’T SLEEP 7 hours at least, I HAVE problems to wake up.

CONDITIONALS I  FIRST CONDITIONAL.  El ‘first conditional’ se usa al hablar de posibles resultados futuros de hechos o situaciones. If I start running again, I’ll be exhausted after a week.  ESTRUCTURA:  If + subject + present simple… , subject + will + infinitive… If they don’t come within 20 minutes, I’ll go home.

CONDITIONALS I  Exercise 2. Make sentences in First Conditional using the correct verb tenses. 1) If you _____ (to continue) drinking too much, you _____ (to have) a terrible hangover. 2) If it _____ (not / to stop) raining, we ____ (to get) wet. 3) I ____ (to buy) a new phone when I ____ (to get) paid. 4) If he ____ (to spend) so much money, he _____ (to have) economic problems soon.

CONDITIONALS I  Answers. 1) If you CONTINUE drinking so much, you WILL HAVE a terrible hangover. 2) If it DOESN’T STOP raining, we’LL GET wet. 3) I’LL BUY a new phone when I GET paid. 4) If he SPENDS so much money, he’LL HAVE economic problems soon.

CONDITIONALS I  SECOND CONDITIONAL.  El ‘second conditional’ se usa al hablar de situaciones imaginarias e improbables, tanto en presente como en futuro. If I had a car, I’d visit a new town every week.  ESTRUCTURA:  If + subject + past simple… , subject + would + infinitive… If you didn’t call me, I wouldn’t see you.

CONDITIONALS I  A pesar de usar el pasado simple, el ‘second conditional’ nunca se refiere al pasado. El pasado da la idea de ‘imaginario’. If I won the lottery tomorrow,I’d buy a palace!  Generalmente se utiliza siempre WERE en el ‘second conditional’ If he weren’t unemployed, he would go out more often.

CONDITIONALS I  En el condicional segundo se puede sustituir WOULD por: a) MIGHT: hace mas dudoso el resultado. Se traduce por ‘quizá …ía’. If I were a rich man, I wouldn’t have to work hard. b) COULD: se sustituye cuando hablamos de habilidades. If I trained more, I wouldn’t lose the competition.

CONDITIONALS I  Exercise 3. Make sentences in Second conditional using the correct verb tenses. 1) If we ____ (be) rich, we _____ (not / work) so hard. 2) If they ____ (not / come), I ____ (not / be) so happy. 3) I ____ (travel) to England if there _____(be) a job for me. 4) If I ____ (study) more English as a child, now I ____ (can) speak better English. 5) You ____ (not / get) that job if you ___ (go) to the interview.

CONDITIONALS I  Answers. 1) If we WERE rich, we WOULDN’T WORK so hard. 2) If they DIDN’T COME, I WEREN’T so happy. 3) I WOULD TRAVEL to England if there WERE a job for me. 4) If I STIDIED more English as a child, now I COULD speak better English. 5) You WOULDN’T GET that job if you DIDN’T GO to the interview.

CONDITIONALS I  Exercise 4. Complete the following (first and second) conditional sentences. 1) I wouldn’t be tired if I _____ (not /go) to bed late last night. 2) If you practice English, you _____ (gain) your fluency. 3) There were here if they ____ (not / break up). 4) If I save money now, I ____ (have) it for my retirement. 5) You wouldn’t be here if you ____ (not / want) to improve your English.

CONDITIONALS I  Answers 1) I wouldn’t be tired if I DIDN’T GO to bed late last night. 2) If you practice English, you WILL IMPROVE your fluency. 3) There were here if they DIDN’T BREAK UP. 4) If I save money now, I WILL HAVE it for my retirement. 5) You wouldn’t be here if you DIDN’T WANT to improve your English.

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  Had better y would rather son expresiones muy utilizadas en inglés.  No son modales (aquí el único modal es ‘would’), aunque cumplen algunas reglas de estos. You had better tell him the truth. I would rather watch another movie.

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  HAD BETTER = es aconsejable (sería mejor que...)  A pesar de que HAD es pasado, had better solo se utiliza para presente y futuro. He had better pay today I had better talk to the boss tomorrow  En inglés hablado se contrae ‘HAD’ I’d better go now She’d better take a taxi

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  ESTRUCTURA:  (+) Subject + had better (‘d better) + infinitive… It’s getting cold, you’d better take a coat.  (-) Subject + had better not (‘d better not) + infinitive You had better not go out tonight.  (?) (Wh..) + Had + subject + better + infinitive…? Where had I better go on holiday?

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  WOULD RATHER significa prefiero / preferiría (prefer / would prefer) dependiendo del caso:  Preferencias específicas: Would rather = would prefer + infinitive I’d prefer to take a taxi = I’d rather take a taxi  Preferencias generales: Would rather = prefer + infinitive –ing I prefer swimming than running = I’d rather swim than run

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  ESTRUCTURA:  (+) Subject + would rather + infinitive… I’d rather stay at home.  (-) Subject + would rather not + infinitive… I’d rather not play videogames so late (?) Would + subject + rather + infinitive…? Would you rather rent a house than a flat?

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  Al hablar se suele contraer ‘WOULD’: I’d rather… / You’d… / He’d… / She’d… / It’d… / We’d…/ You’d… They’d…  Si la acción afecta a terceros, se pone el verbo en pasado, aunque suela referirse al presente o al futuro. I’d rather they went early. I’d rather we had some coffee before to go.

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  Para comparar entre dos o mas opciones utilizamos a) ‘…WOULD RATHER…THAN’ I’d rather have tea than coffee b) ‘WOULD PREFER…RATHER THAN…’ I’d prefer to go out rather than watch TV

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  Exercise . Fill in the gaps with ‘had better’ or ‘would rather’. 1) I ____ ____ take a bus than go walking. 2) He ___ ____ save some money for its retirement. 3) You ___ ____ not drink more beer tonight. 4) ____ you ____ buy a car than a house? 5) I’m going to England, so I ___ ____ study English hardly. 6) I ___ ___ you didn’t come late today. 7) Tim ___ ___ pay off all his debts soon.

HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER  Answers. 1) I WOULD RATHER take a bus than go walking. 2) He HAD BETTER save some money for its retirement. 3) You HAD BETTER not drink more beer tonight. 4) WOULD you RATHER buy a car than a house? 5) I’m going to England, so I HAD BETTER study English hardly. 6) I WOULD RATHER you didn’t come late today. 7) Tim HAD BETTER pay off all his debts soon.

Thank you for your attention!

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