Published on March 20, 2014
English class 18 Elementary level Juan José Simón Pérez learnenglishesol.weebly.com
CONDITIONALS I Condicionales son estructuras utilizadas para expresar que una situación ocurrirá solo si ocurre otra previamente. La condición pude ser real o imaginaria, y el resultado puede ser definido o simplemente posible. Las frases condicionales mas comunes se forman con la partícula ‘IF’. También se sustituye ‘IF’ por: WHEN (la mas común), UNLESS, BEFORE, AFTER, AS SOON AS…
CONDITIONALS I En inglés existen cuatro tipos de condicionales, dependiendo de la situación: 1. Zero conditional 2. First conditional 3. Second conditional 4. Third conditional Se pueden formar otros tipos mezclando los tipos anteriores. En esta unidad estudiaremos los tres primeros tipos.
CONDITIONALS I ZERO CONDITIONAL El ‘zero conditional’ se usa al hablar de hechos o situaciones que siempre son verdad. If you have children, you worry about them all the time. ESTRUCTURA: If + subject + present simple… , subject + present simple… When people laugh, they reduce their stress.
CONDITIONALS I Exercise 1. Make sentences in Zero conditional using the correct verb tenses. 1) If I _____ (to eat) too much, I always _____ (to have) stomach ache. 2) When it _____ (to snow), the landscape ____ (to become) white. 3) Mike always ____ (to tell) me the same when he ____ (to be) in trouble. 4) If I ____ (not / sleep) 7 hours at least, I _____ (to have) problems to wake up.
CONDITIONALS I Answers. 1) If I EAT too much, I always HAVE stomach ache. 2) When it SNOWS, the landscape BECOMES white. 3) Mike always TELLS me the same when he IS in trouble. 4) If I DON’T SLEEP 7 hours at least, I HAVE problems to wake up.
CONDITIONALS I FIRST CONDITIONAL. El ‘first conditional’ se usa al hablar de posibles resultados futuros de hechos o situaciones. If I start running again, I’ll be exhausted after a week. ESTRUCTURA: If + subject + present simple… , subject + will + infinitive… If they don’t come within 20 minutes, I’ll go home.
CONDITIONALS I Exercise 2. Make sentences in First Conditional using the correct verb tenses. 1) If you _____ (to continue) drinking too much, you _____ (to have) a terrible hangover. 2) If it _____ (not / to stop) raining, we ____ (to get) wet. 3) I ____ (to buy) a new phone when I ____ (to get) paid. 4) If he ____ (to spend) so much money, he _____ (to have) economic problems soon.
CONDITIONALS I Answers. 1) If you CONTINUE drinking so much, you WILL HAVE a terrible hangover. 2) If it DOESN’T STOP raining, we’LL GET wet. 3) I’LL BUY a new phone when I GET paid. 4) If he SPENDS so much money, he’LL HAVE economic problems soon.
CONDITIONALS I SECOND CONDITIONAL. El ‘second conditional’ se usa al hablar de situaciones imaginarias e improbables, tanto en presente como en futuro. If I had a car, I’d visit a new town every week. ESTRUCTURA: If + subject + past simple… , subject + would + infinitive… If you didn’t call me, I wouldn’t see you.
CONDITIONALS I A pesar de usar el pasado simple, el ‘second conditional’ nunca se refiere al pasado. El pasado da la idea de ‘imaginario’. If I won the lottery tomorrow,I’d buy a palace! Generalmente se utiliza siempre WERE en el ‘second conditional’ If he weren’t unemployed, he would go out more often.
CONDITIONALS I En el condicional segundo se puede sustituir WOULD por: a) MIGHT: hace mas dudoso el resultado. Se traduce por ‘quizá …ía’. If I were a rich man, I wouldn’t have to work hard. b) COULD: se sustituye cuando hablamos de habilidades. If I trained more, I wouldn’t lose the competition.
CONDITIONALS I Exercise 3. Make sentences in Second conditional using the correct verb tenses. 1) If we ____ (be) rich, we _____ (not / work) so hard. 2) If they ____ (not / come), I ____ (not / be) so happy. 3) I ____ (travel) to England if there _____(be) a job for me. 4) If I ____ (study) more English as a child, now I ____ (can) speak better English. 5) You ____ (not / get) that job if you ___ (go) to the interview.
CONDITIONALS I Answers. 1) If we WERE rich, we WOULDN’T WORK so hard. 2) If they DIDN’T COME, I WEREN’T so happy. 3) I WOULD TRAVEL to England if there WERE a job for me. 4) If I STIDIED more English as a child, now I COULD speak better English. 5) You WOULDN’T GET that job if you DIDN’T GO to the interview.
CONDITIONALS I Exercise 4. Complete the following (first and second) conditional sentences. 1) I wouldn’t be tired if I _____ (not /go) to bed late last night. 2) If you practice English, you _____ (gain) your fluency. 3) There were here if they ____ (not / break up). 4) If I save money now, I ____ (have) it for my retirement. 5) You wouldn’t be here if you ____ (not / want) to improve your English.
CONDITIONALS I Answers 1) I wouldn’t be tired if I DIDN’T GO to bed late last night. 2) If you practice English, you WILL IMPROVE your fluency. 3) There were here if they DIDN’T BREAK UP. 4) If I save money now, I WILL HAVE it for my retirement. 5) You wouldn’t be here if you DIDN’T WANT to improve your English.
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER Had better y would rather son expresiones muy utilizadas en inglés. No son modales (aquí el único modal es ‘would’), aunque cumplen algunas reglas de estos. You had better tell him the truth. I would rather watch another movie.
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER HAD BETTER = es aconsejable (sería mejor que...) A pesar de que HAD es pasado, had better solo se utiliza para presente y futuro. He had better pay today I had better talk to the boss tomorrow En inglés hablado se contrae ‘HAD’ I’d better go now She’d better take a taxi
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER ESTRUCTURA: (+) Subject + had better (‘d better) + infinitive… It’s getting cold, you’d better take a coat. (-) Subject + had better not (‘d better not) + infinitive You had better not go out tonight. (?) (Wh..) + Had + subject + better + infinitive…? Where had I better go on holiday?
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER WOULD RATHER significa prefiero / preferiría (prefer / would prefer) dependiendo del caso: Preferencias específicas: Would rather = would prefer + infinitive I’d prefer to take a taxi = I’d rather take a taxi Preferencias generales: Would rather = prefer + infinitive –ing I prefer swimming than running = I’d rather swim than run
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER ESTRUCTURA: (+) Subject + would rather + infinitive… I’d rather stay at home. (-) Subject + would rather not + infinitive… I’d rather not play videogames so late (?) Would + subject + rather + infinitive…? Would you rather rent a house than a flat?
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER Al hablar se suele contraer ‘WOULD’: I’d rather… / You’d… / He’d… / She’d… / It’d… / We’d…/ You’d… They’d… Si la acción afecta a terceros, se pone el verbo en pasado, aunque suela referirse al presente o al futuro. I’d rather they went early. I’d rather we had some coffee before to go.
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER Para comparar entre dos o mas opciones utilizamos a) ‘…WOULD RATHER…THAN’ I’d rather have tea than coffee b) ‘WOULD PREFER…RATHER THAN…’ I’d prefer to go out rather than watch TV
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER Exercise . Fill in the gaps with ‘had better’ or ‘would rather’. 1) I ____ ____ take a bus than go walking. 2) He ___ ____ save some money for its retirement. 3) You ___ ____ not drink more beer tonight. 4) ____ you ____ buy a car than a house? 5) I’m going to England, so I ___ ____ study English hardly. 6) I ___ ___ you didn’t come late today. 7) Tim ___ ___ pay off all his debts soon.
HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER Answers. 1) I WOULD RATHER take a bus than go walking. 2) He HAD BETTER save some money for its retirement. 3) You HAD BETTER not drink more beer tonight. 4) WOULD you RATHER buy a car than a house? 5) I’m going to England, so I HAD BETTER study English hardly. 6) I WOULD RATHER you didn’t come late today. 7) Tim HAD BETTER pay off all his debts soon.
Thank you for your attention!
English: Had better / would rather. Learn for free ... . sleep during the class '. 10. your ... | Comparisons | Compound words | Conditional and ...
... "Übungen zu had better/would rather" ... Klasse Realschule. ... http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.better.i.htm http://english.baladre.org/sedaviwebfront ...
Had Better & Would Rather Exercise: ... TELEPHONE ENGLISH: TRAVEL ENGLISH : You’d better take an umbrella-advice: I’d rather stay at home-
You had better unplug the toaster ... "Had better" is often simply pronounced as "better" in spoken English. ... Weekly Lesson Grammar Book Vocabulary Verb ...
Would prefer, would rather: expressing specific preference: When we speak about a specific preference, would rather and would prefer have the same meaning ...
There are several structures in English that are called conditionals or if conditionals. "Condition" means "situation or circumstance".
The unreal past is used after conditional words ... after the verb to wish; and after the expression I'd rather. Conditional ... If only I had more money ...
Es sollte 5 Minuten dauern und einfach sein also nicht so Biologie in Englisch :P. Geh in die 9 Klasse ... Englisch Would rather/had better Was ...