Published on October 5, 2012
England in the late 17th century During the 17th century England became steadily richer. Trade and commerce grew and grew Industries such as glass, brick making, iron and coal mining expanded rapidly. Half the population could afford to eat meat everyday. The power of the king continued to decline.
18th century 1707. Act of Union 1714. Queen Anne died George I 1769. James Watt Industrial Revolution Killer diseases (smallpox, dysentery, consumption/tuberculosis and typhus) Improvements in living conditions were made, and by the early 19th century the population of England and Wales had almost doubled.
80% of the population was poor People lived in the countryside Thanks to the availability of coal, homes could be warmer in winter.
Main occupations: agriculture and rural crafts. At the bottom of the social structure were the landless labourers who worked on large farms. At the top of the social hierarchy were the nobility, who held the highest offices and accumulated the greatest wealth. The conditions of women were difficult. They did not have many rights and were financially dependent on their husbands or families. An average wife spent some 15 years either in a state of pregnancy or in nursing a child for the first year of its life.
Women in the 18th century When single, women….had the same rights as did men. When married, women…was a shadow under his husband. Her property passed into the control of her husband. She neither was able to enter into contracts nor to sue or be sued. She had no legal rights over her children She had no right to leave the housewithout the permission of her husband.
Leisure Traditional games Horse Racing Many theatres were built Assembly rooms where people played cards and attended balls also were built. 1750. First cricket club in Hambledon.
Reading was also a popular pastime First novels were published at this time Circulating library 1702. The first daily newspaper in England 1785. The Times began Public executions Grand tour of Europe
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