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Information about ENGLAND

Published on February 7, 2008

Author: Savin

Source: authorstream.com

ENGLAND: ENGLAND JANAR TODESK VILJANDI C.R. JAKOBSON GYMNASIUM 11C SUPERVISORS: MARJE MAASEN, TIIA PUKK KEY FACTS: KEY FACTS Capital: London Population: 47,000,000 Geographic size: 130,423 sq km It is an island off the west coast of the European mainland. Much of England is rolling hills with occasional small fields or flatland Slide 3: Scafell Pike, the highest point of England is located in the northwest with an elevation of 978 metres Most southerly point: Lizard Point MAJOR CITIES: MAJOR CITIES Greater London 6,933,000 Birmingham 1,012,000 Leeds 725,000 Liverpool 477,000 Manchester 433,000 Bristol 398,000 THE CLIMATE: THE CLIMATE England has a mild and temperate climate It is influenced by the North Atlantic Drift and the southwesterly winds Average temperature ranges in London are from 2 to 6 degrees Celsius in January to 13 to 22 degrees Celsius in July Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year with March to June the driest period and September to January the wettest TIMELINES OF ENGLISH HISTORY: TIMELINES OF ENGLISH HISTORY 5000 BC- 100 BC: prehistoric period 55 BC- 410 AD: Roman Britain 410- 937: early British kingdoms 597- 1066: Anglo-Saxon England 1066- 1487: the Medieval Britain 1486- 1689: the Reformation and the Restoration period 1689- 1901: The Age of Empire THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT: THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT Parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy Queen Elizabeth II as a head of the state The continuity of the monarchy has been interrupted only once (the republic of 1649-60) in over a thousand years Parliament is made up of the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the Queen in her constitutional role RELIGIONS: RELIGIONS 59% of the population Protestant 9% are Roman Catholic Other religious minorities include Muslims which account for 3% of the population There are also Jewish, Hindu and Sikh minorities. DEMOGRAPHIC/ VITAL STATISTICS: DEMOGRAPHIC/ VITAL STATISTICS 238 people per sq km Urban-rural: 91.5% urban, 8.5% rural Sex distribution: 48.8% male, 51.2% female Life expectancy: 72.2 years male, 77.9 years female PEOPLE DISTRIBUTION: PEOPLE DISTRIBUTION 94.2% the Whites 9.6% Scottish 2.4% Irish 1.9% Welsh 2% West Indian, Asian or African AGE BREAKDOWN: AGE BREAKDOWN EDUCATION: EDUCATION (among people aged 25 or over) Slide 13: Some of the oldest universities in the world (Oxford and Cambridge) Hertford College of the Oxford University THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD: THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD It consists of 39 official colleges and the six Permanent Private Halls There are five academic divisions in the university Humanities Division, Life and Environmental Sciences Division, Mathematical and Physical Sciences Division, Medical Sciences Division and Social Sciences Division THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE: THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE It consists of 31 colleges (three of them are only for women) There are more than 100 departments, faculties and schools plus a central administration Each college is an independent institution with its own property and income MAIN POINTS OF INTEREST FOR THE TOURISTS: MAIN POINTS OF INTEREST FOR THE TOURISTS The Queen and the Royal Family. The Buckingham Palace and the changing of guards Other attractions include the London Bridge, Big Ben, the St. Pauls Cathedral and the Tower Bridge Slide 17: The Tower Bridge The changing of guards A view of English lowland A part of the Royal Family ‘TYPICALLY ENGLISH’: ‘TYPICALLY ENGLISH’ Terraced housing is a very common form of housing in England Double decker buses are common site in London. Many foreigners have trouble driving in England because the steering wheel is on the right hand side of the car, and you drive on the left hand side of the road Slide 19: A double-decker Terraced housing

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