Engineering Masterclasses

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Published on February 19, 2009

Author: gavindjharper

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Presentation prepared for "Engineering Masterclasses" programme, run by the Royal Institution / Royal Academy of Engineering - aimed to teach kids abotu Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology in a simple and accessible way!

An Introduction to Fuel Cell Technology and the Hydrogen Economy By Gavin D. J. Harper This presentation is extracted from a resource created for the Royal Institution / Royal Academy of Engineering ‘Engineering Masterclass’  programme. FEATURING IMAGES FROM ‘FUEL CELL PROJECTS FOR THE EVIL GENIUS’ AND ‘RUN YOUR DIESEL VEHICLE ON BIOFUELS’

What do we use energy for? Where do we get our energy from today? What is ‘renewable’ energy and how is it  different from ‘non‐renewable’ energy?

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells : Brief Introduction First demonstrated by  Welsh scientist  Sir William Robert Grove in  February 1839.

Remember! Catalysts are not used or consumed in  a reaction – a catalyst increases the  rate of a chemical reaction. 

Image Take From New Scientist Magazine

Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre

Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre

Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre

Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre

•Burn liquid hydrocarbons •Diesel •Petrol •Produce range of pollutants •Produce “local” pollution  •Contribute to “climate change” •Reliant on steady supply of oil •Peak Oil •Geopolitical Tensions

•Potentially clean energy source (if the hydrogen they use is clean!!!) •“Zero Emissions” at point of use •Still some challenges: •Storage of Hydrogen •Cost of Catalysts •Mass Production •Lack of Infrastructure

Shetland, Unst: The Energy Island Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre

•Grid Independent Houses •Hydrogen from Renewables •Fuel Cell provides Combined Heat and Power Image Courtesy: PURE Energy Centre

Woking Park Leisure  Centre Uses a Fuel Cell  To Provide Heat & Power In ‘traditional’ power  station, the heat  produced as a by‐ product of electricity  production would be  wasted!

Fuel Cell CHP ‘Bolted on to existing multi‐storey car‐park’ Supplies heat and power  to neighbouring hotel.  Savings in ‘plant room’  allowed them to add a  number of additional  rooms.

• Using the process called electrolysis, what can  we split water into? • How can we produce Hydrogen? • What does a fuel cell produce?

•Paperback: 196 pages  •Publisher: McGraw‐Hill/TAB Electronics  •Language: English  •ISBN‐10: 0071496599  •ISBN‐13: 978‐0071496599  You can find more experiments with Fuel Cells, information about clean energy and information about how to take the learning in today’s masterclass forward in ‘Fuel Cells Projects for the Evil Genius’.

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