Energy Policy of Japan for next 30 years

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Information about Energy Policy of Japan for next 30 years

Published on January 6, 2009

Author: Hyousefi


Slide 1: Japan energy policy for the next 30 years Hossein Yousefi Mohammad A. Z. , and Yayan Sofyan Debate class Advance topics in environmental studies 2 Fukuoka-Japan Kyushu University, Dec. 26 Slide 2: Overview of the study Current Energy Policy of Japan What causes changes in energy policy Energy policy of Japan for the next 30 Years Part 1 : Part 1 Current Energy Policy of Japan Mohammad A. Z. Slide 4: Energy policy is the manner in which a given entity (often governmental) has decided to address issues of energy development including energy production, distribution and consumption. The attributes of energy policy may include legislation, international treaties, incentives to investment, guidelines for energy conservation, taxation and other public policy techniques Energy Policy Current condition of Japan’s Energy : Current condition of Japan’s Energy Japan has very limited oil and gas reserves (40 Mbo and 738 Bcf) Japan is the third largest oil consumer in the world (5 Mbo/day) and large gas consumer (3500 Bcf in 2007) Japan is the second largest net importer of oil and largest net importer of LNG in the world Japan has no coal production but high coal consumer (206.7 Mt in 2006) Japan has about 16% energy self-sufficient (Nuclear Energy, Hydro, Geothermal, Wind, PV etc) Japan is the third largest producer of Nuclear power in the world (247.9 GW) *Reference: Energy Information Administration Slide 8: Primary Energy Consumption per GDP Japanese primary energy consumption per GDP is the lowest in the world owing to various energy conservation measures taken for the respective sectors. Energy Conservation Law and Policy in Japan : Energy Conservation Law and Policy in Japan Plan: Japan’s Primary Energy Sources 2010(%) : Plan: Japan’s Primary Energy Sources 2010(%) Japan’s Present Energy Policy : Japan’s Present Energy Policy 3 objectives Establishment of reliable energy security measures Establishment of the foundation for sustainable development Commitment to assist Asian and world energy problems 4 basic perspectives Establishment of a state-of-the-art energy supply and demand Strengthening of resource diplomacy, energy and environment Enhancement of emergency response measures Enhancement of technology Slide 12: Establishing a state-of-the-art energy supply and demand structure 1. Energy Conservation Frontrunner Plan Improve the energy consumption efficiency by at least 30% by 2030 2. Transport Energy for the Next Generation Plan Bring the oil dependency of transport sector to about 80% by 2030 3. New Energy Innovation Plan -Bring the cost for solar energy to the same level of thermal power -Improve the regional self-sufficiency ratio by biomass and wind power -Turn many of the new vehicles to hybrid vehicles 4. Nuclear Power Nation Plan Aim the ratio of nuclear power generation to above 30 to 40% after 2030 Slide 13: In response to the recent changes of supply and demand structure and diversifying risks in the international energy market, the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) drafted the New National Energy Strategy in May 2006. This presents Japan's long-term energy strategy centering on the reinforcement of energy security, and stipulates numerical targets such as improving energy efficiency by no less than 30% by 2030. Regarding nuclear energy, the goal is to maintain the share of power output from nuclear energy at the level at least 30%-40% by 2030 and thereafter. Long-term Energy Supply and Demand Outlook Part 2 : Part 2 What causes change in energy policy Hossein Yousefi Overview of the presentation (Part 2) : Overview of the presentation (Part 2) Basic law on energy policy What causes change in energy policy Changes Basic law on energy policy : Basic law on energy policy Stable supply Environmental Compatibility Economic Efficiency Framework of the energy policy : Framework of the energy policy Energy policy Stable Supply : Stable Supply Where is it: Energy consumption is rising around the world. Much of it comes from politically unstable regions. Maintaining security of stable energy supply, is a major challenge for governments. World oil production map Stable supply (cont) : Who are the producers: At present, most of the producers are developing countries with poor technology and low demand for energy. According to the world energy outlook and economic growth, in the near future some of these countries not only will not export energy but also import from the others. Who are the customers : Many of the developing countries in Asia saw tremendous economic growth in the latter half of the 1980s. For these countries, maintaining a stable supply of energy has become the key to maintaining sustainable growth. It means not only developed countries but also developing countries are the customers of energy. Stable supply (cont) Stable supply (cont) : Stable supply (cont) What are the major energy production in 2005 the world energy production were around 37% of oil, 23% of natural gas and 27% of coal. We should notice that the oil supply declining fast and will last just after 40 years What are the major energy demand in 2005 the world energy consumption were around 38% of Oil, 23% of natural gas, 26% of coal. These data shows how the world energy demand is depending to the fossil fuel energy and it will rise. IS Energy Supply Stable?? : IS Energy Supply Stable?? Can Energy Supply be Stable? Environmental Compatibility : Environmental Compatibility Major Environmental Concerns Which energy is environmental compatible? : Which energy is environmental compatible? It is very difficult to say which energy is environmental compatible and which is not. Nowadays by using the new technologies, sustainable and environmental compatible use of many energy resources are possible. The only thing can do is comparison between the energies, products and technologies. On the other hand generally: Renewable energies (Geothermal, wind, solar, biomass...) are more compatible than fossil fuel energies (Oil, NG, Coal…) Energies with lower CO2 emission are preferable (Global warming) Energies with lower environmental aspects are preferable (Solar) Depends on the condition of environment we have to select energy Higher energy efficiency by using high technologies is preferable Economic Efficiency : Economic Efficiency Energy efficiency refers to using electricity/gas in an efficient way but Economy efficiency refers to being careful with spending the money. In the subject of energy economic efficiency can be divided in 2 Parts: Economic condition of the customer: Rich customers can buy: The reliable energy High energy efficiency Suitable technologies Mitigate the impacts Environmental friendly …. Price of the energy Price of the energy : Price of the energy Average price of crude oil (Brent)June 1988 - April 2008 When the price of an energy is not stable and mostly rising can require the change in the energy policy Part 3 : Part 3 Energy policy of Japan for the next 30 Years Yayan Sofyan Energy source : Energy source OIL Gas Coal Energy source : Energy source WHAT’s for? Electricity Heat Fuel WHO’s for? Industry Residential Commercial Transport Forecast of Japan’s total energy consumption : Forecast of Japan’s total energy consumption Total energy consumption for the next 30 Years about 26.32 x 10e18 J increase 0.3%/year (Reference: EIA) OBJECTIVE : OBJECTIVE Stable supply Environmental Compatibility Economic Efficiency Stable supply : Stable supply Increase Energy self-sufficient (Increase Nuclear energy use, geothermal and other renewable energy use) Secure energy stock (petroleum stockpiling, Joint energy storage, secure investment by middle east oil exporters in Japan) Rule and technology for energy use efficiency Environmental compatibility : Environmental compatibility Renewable energy supply Decrease fossil fuel energy use Protection from Nuclear energy use Technology for reduce pollution from energy use Economic efficiency : Economic efficiency Lower price (example: generating electricity from geothermal is about half cost of oil fired) Sustainability production Carbon dioxide charge OIL : OIL Oil for transportation in UE and Japan about 60% from total oil consumption (L. Fulton, 2001) New technology for transportation and efficiency consumption can reduce 40% transport oil consumption (L. Fulton, 2001) Change electricity oil consumption to other energy source (Renewable energy) Total oil consumption is reduced from 49% to 25% (for transportation) in 2038. COAL : COAL more than one-half of the coal consumed in Japan is used by the country’s steel industry (Reference: International energy outlook 2002) Change electricity generation from coal to other energy source (Renewable energy) Total coal consumption is reduced from 20% to 12% (for steel industry) in 2038 GAS : GAS Lacking international pipeline connection for gas Japan is the largest importer of LNG Reduce LNG consumption for electricity from 61% to 30% in 2038 (carbon dioxide reduction) Total gas consumption is reduced from 14% to 10% in 2038 Nuclear : Nuclear Japan has good nuclear technology Japan is the most earthquake country (July 2007 an earthquake causing a shutdown of TEPCO’s Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant) Safety and reliability is still important issue in nuclear energy Need of clean energy Total Nuclear consumption is increased from 14% to 20% in 2038 Renewable : Renewable Japan has huge geothermal energy potential (about 69 Gwe is equal to about ¼ of electricity installed in Japan) but only 547 Mwe installed now. Generating heat by geothermal direct use, geothermal heat pump and solar heat system Improving efficiency of existing hydropower plants Improving Wind and solar photovoltaic use for electricity generation. If geothermal energy use is 25% of Japan’s geothermal potential, improving efficiency of hydropower plants 10%, 27,000 wind turbines with an installed capacity of nearly 57,000 MW of electricity and 3.2m2 of solar panels installed per capita on roofs ? renewable energy sources could provide 53% of Japan’s electricity and heat supplying system (Energy rich Japan, 2003,Greenpeace) Total Renewable energy consumption is increased from 4% to 33% in 2038 (nothing impossible) Proposed policy : Proposed policy Thank you : Thank you

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