advertisement

End of WWII/Cold War 2008

40 %
60 %
advertisement
Information about End of WWII/Cold War 2008

Published on April 10, 2008

Author: dmcdowell

Source: slideshare.net

advertisement

End of WWII / Beginning of Cold War

Europe Germany surrenders May 1945 Potsdam Conference: Germany divided, occupied by Allies Germany de-Nazified Nuremberg Trials: War Criminals, Holocaust collaborators tried Crimes Against Humanity developed

Germany surrenders May 1945

Potsdam Conference:

Germany divided, occupied by Allies

Germany de-Nazified

Nuremberg Trials:

War Criminals, Holocaust collaborators tried

Crimes Against Humanity developed

Europe European countries largely bankrupted by war USA and USSR new world superpowers

European countries largely bankrupted by war

USA and USSR new world superpowers

Treatment of Germany: -US and USSR -United Nations -Strategic alliances (Warsaw Pact, NATO) -Threat of Atomic Warfare (WWIII) Ineffective League of Nations Terms of Treaty of Versailles Britain & France “ Peace-keepers” Allies take care of military needs of their regions German military effectively scrapped and outlawed Military Potsdam Conference: Each Allied power could extract from their portion of Germany Loss of territories taken by Hitler Treaty of Versailles: Exorbitant - to Allies and Belgium Loss of colonies, Rhineland, Ruhr Valley, Alsace-Lorraine War Indemnities De-Nazified; Democratic West Communist East Flawed Weimar Republic Political After WWII After WWI

Leads to Origins of the Cold War Soviets Rebuild economy using German industry Germany = “Buffer” Eventual World Revolution Americans/British/French Want to contain spread of Communism Democratic/Capitalistic “self-determination”

Soviets

Rebuild economy using German industry

Germany = “Buffer”

Eventual World Revolution

Americans/British/French

Want to contain spread of Communism

Democratic/Capitalistic “self-determination”

Japan/Asia Surrendered August 1945 after First (and only) use of atomic weapons: August 6 – Hiroshima, August 9 – Nagasaki

Surrendered August 1945 after First (and only) use of atomic weapons:

August 6 – Hiroshima,

August 9 – Nagasaki

Japan/Asia Loses all territories since 1895 General MacArthur oversees drafting of new constitution Emperor looses god-like status (though not war criminal) Japan demilitarized Minimal war crimes (compare to Germany) 1951 - Regains independence

Loses all territories since 1895

General MacArthur oversees drafting of new constitution

Emperor looses god-like status (though not war criminal)

Japan demilitarized

Minimal war crimes (compare to Germany)

1951 - Regains independence

Long-standing changes Difference between the west and east would quickly start the Cold War Nuclear weapons complicate issue United Nations : works for world peace & improve the lives of the people of the world. (Replaces League of Nations)

Difference between the west and east would quickly start the Cold War

Nuclear weapons complicate issue

United Nations : works for world peace & improve the lives of the people of the world. (Replaces League of Nations)

Long-standing changes Nationalism and anti-colonialism = desires for independence and self-determination See: India, Africa, Asia Advances in science and technology makes world much smaller (synthetic rubber, radar, synthetic materials, jet engines, atomic weapons/energy) New world powers, new threats, new rules lead to … COLD WAR

Nationalism and anti-colonialism = desires for independence and self-determination

See: India, Africa, Asia

Advances in science and technology makes world much smaller (synthetic rubber, radar, synthetic materials, jet engines, atomic weapons/energy)

New world powers, new threats, new rules lead to … COLD WAR

What was the Cold War? A state of economic , diplomatic , and ideological discord among nations without armed conflict after World War II. But, no direct fighting (“hot war”) between superpowers Why ?

A state of economic , diplomatic , and ideological discord among nations without armed conflict after World War II.

But, no direct fighting (“hot war”) between superpowers

Why ?

US & USSR Both Wanted to: defeat Hitler Politically/ economically dominate world Eliminate the other - major threat! Difference in Perspective: Soviets: capitalism brought imperialism and war Americans: communism was totalitarian and bent on subjugating other nations

Both Wanted to:

defeat Hitler

Politically/ economically dominate world

Eliminate the other - major threat!

Difference in Perspective:

Soviets: capitalism brought imperialism and war

Americans: communism was totalitarian and bent on subjugating other nations

Cold War Battles Diplomatic wars span the Americans, Asia, Africa, and Europe Wars fought through other nations No direct fighting Rule of Thumb: “The enemy of my enemy is my friend” For the US: If your not a communist, it’s all good.

Diplomatic wars span the Americans, Asia, Africa, and Europe

Wars fought through other nations

No direct fighting

Rule of Thumb: “The enemy of my enemy is my friend”

For the US: If your not a communist, it’s all good.

Early Actions Potsdam: How to Handle Germany? Yalta: Free choice in gov’t style Marshall Plan: American $$$ to rebuilding countries (just don’t go Red!) Truman Doctrine: American $$$ to Greece & Turkey (keep Soviets bottled up in Black Sea!)

Potsdam: How to Handle Germany?

Yalta: Free choice in gov’t style

Marshall Plan: American $$$ to rebuilding countries (just don’t go Red!)

Truman Doctrine: American $$$ to Greece & Turkey (keep Soviets bottled up in Black Sea!)

New World Classifications “ First World” Countries: Industrialized, wealthy countries (Western Europe, Canada, US, Australia) “ Second World” Countries: Communist / Communist-controlled countries (USSR, Soviet-bloc countries, China) “ Third World” Countries: Poor, unindustrialized countries that have some sort of natural resource to exploit. (Congo, Iraq) “ Fourth World” Countries: Poor, unindustrialized countries that have little- to no resources to exploit (Haiti)

“ First World” Countries: Industrialized, wealthy countries (Western Europe, Canada, US, Australia)

“ Second World” Countries: Communist / Communist-controlled countries (USSR, Soviet-bloc countries, China)

“ Third World” Countries: Poor, unindustrialized countries that have some sort of natural resource to exploit. (Congo, Iraq)

“ Fourth World” Countries: Poor, unindustrialized countries that have little- to no resources to exploit (Haiti)

Add a comment

Related pages

Greenspan: End of Cold War Caused 2008 Crash

Greenspan: End of Cold War Caused 2008 Crash. 6/19/2013 11:17AM . Former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan deflected criticism his stewardship had a ...
Read more

Cold War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

... the end of the Cold War has ushered in an era of economic growth and an increase in the number of liberal ... 2008), telegraph.co.uk, 1 October ...
Read more

A Woman in Berlin: Germany at the end of World War II ...

World Socialist Web Site ... A Woman in Berlin: Germany at the end of World War II By Bernd Reinhardt 25 November 2008 Directed ...
Read more

Out of the shadow : George H.W. Bush and the end of the ...

Out of the shadow : George H.W. Bush and the end of the Cold War. [Christopher Maynard] ... PrintBook; schema:copyrightYear " 2008" ; ...
Read more

End of World War II in Europe - Wikipedia, the free ...

End of World War II in Europe; ... End of state of war with Germany was declared by many former Western Allies in 1950. In the Petersberg Agreement of 22 ...
Read more

International Relations after the Cold War - ROBERTS ...

ROBERTS, A. (2008), International Relations after the Cold War. ... The end of the Cold War was the result of a plural mix of factors: ...
Read more

Cold War - Military Wiki - Wikia

The Cold War was a state of political and military tension ... the end of the Cold War has ushered in an era of economic growth and an ... 2008), telegraph ...
Read more