Emerging from Food Crisis

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Information about Emerging from Food Crisis

Published on July 20, 2009

Author: vision2020AD

Source: authorstream.com

FOOD CRISIS Global Phenomenon and its impact on India : FOOD CRISIS Global Phenomenon and its impact on India Kishor Jagirdar Infopace Management Pvt Ltd kishorjagirdar@gmail.com Causes of Food Crisis : Causes of Food Crisis a) Per capita income increasing b) Incremental population growth c) Random Urbanization d) Migrating Population e) Decrease in cultivable lands f) 50% of the world food grains traded are used for live stock g) Soil degradation due to fertilizers h) Energy issues i) Water resources and Quality Seeds J) Lack of Finance option Population world wide : Population world wide The World Bank statement 2008“It was a mistake pushing nations into rapid industrialisation.Agricultural is the way forward.” : The World Bank statement 2008“It was a mistake pushing nations into rapid industrialisation.Agricultural is the way forward.” The Agricultural refugee Crisis : The Agricultural refugee Crisis The combined population of UK, France and Germany is 200 million. The World Bank had therefore estimated that some 400 million people would be willingly or unwillingly moving from the rural to urban centers by 2015. Subsequent studies have shown that massive distress migration will result in the years to come. For instance, 70 per cent of Tamil Nadu, 65 per cent of Punjab, and nearly 55 per cent of Uttar Pradesh is expected to migrate to urban centres by the year 2020 The Agricultural refugee Crisis : The Agricultural refugee Crisis These 400 million displaced will constitute the new class of migrants – agricultural refugees. Twice the number of people that are expected to be displaced by global warming worldwide are alone be pushed out of agriculture in India. The Crisis : The Crisis 80,000 farmers moving out of farming occupation every year 40 % of India's farming community want to quit farming and move into other occupation as per a survey in 2006 by NSSO. The life over the cliff : The life over the cliff Rural indebtedness : Rural indebtedness Farmers Suicide Rates : Farmers Suicide Rates Pressure on land : Pressure on land Population growth is incremental : Population growth is incremental Developing countries demand : Developing countries demand Emerging markets in Asia : Emerging markets in Asia Income growth fuelling demand : Income growth fuelling demand Prices rise : Prices rise Soil nutrients : Soil nutrients The top soil degraded : The top soil degraded Indian Demand for food : Indian Demand for food Poverty line definition : Poverty line definition As per the Government of India, poverty line for the urban areas is Rs. 296 per month and for rural areas Rs. 276 per month, i.e. people in India who earn less than Rs. 10 per day. As per GOI, this amount will buy food equivalent to 2200 calories per day, medically enough, to prevent death. At this level of earning, even in a poor country like India, survival on Rs. 10 per day is a nightmare! This actually translates to Rs. 3650 per year or US $ 75 per year. Ability to buy food : Ability to buy food Number of people, in India, who are below poverty line is about 300 million (30 Cr.) That means they have no ability to access food grains and eat 2 proper meal a day. Average Working class people now from 2008 are spending more than 50% of their earnings to buy food grains and have given up cereals and pulses or fiber food. Demographic distribution in Wealth : Demographic distribution in Wealth 20 % Rich and affluent class 16% Dependent Class (retired) 27 % Middle class (Employees in public and private sectors) 12 % self employed 25% Below poverty line 20% of the population is using 80% of the resources. Food Sovereignty is the mantra : Food Sovereignty is the mantra Purna Swaraj - Our birth right A fight to seek freedom from hunger . A fight to enable 2 square nutritious meal for every Indian A fight to gain self reliance for our agricultural population and as a NATION. Vande Mataram : Vande Mataram Thank you

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