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Emergency preparedness

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Information about Emergency preparedness

Published on August 7, 2008

Author: ka3na_vic2ia

Source: slideshare.net

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Prepared by Ms. Katrina Victoria L. Akut, BSN, RN -- ang nag-iisang DYOSA..hahaha Emergency Preparedness DISASTER LEVELS Level I: local emergency response personnel and organizations can contain and effectively manage the disaster Level II: Regional efforts and aid from surrounding communities Level III: Statewide or federal assistance B. INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEM Management tool for organizing personnel, facilities, equipment and communication for any emergency situation

DISASTER LEVELS

Level I: local emergency response personnel and organizations can contain and effectively manage the disaster

Level II: Regional efforts and aid from surrounding communities

Level III: Statewide or federal assistance

B. INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEM

Management tool for organizing personnel, facilities, equipment and communication for any emergency situation

Prepared by Ms. Katrina Victoria L. Akut, BSN, RN -- ang nag-iisang DYOSA..hahaha C. COMPONENTS OF EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLAN (EOP) An activation response An Internal/external communication plan A plan for coordinated patient care Security plan: key to control chaotic environment Identification of External Resources A Plan for People Management and traffic flow A data management strategy Deactivation Response A post-incident response A plan for practice drills Anticipated resources Mass casualty incident planning An educational plan for all of the above

C. COMPONENTS OF EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLAN (EOP)

An activation response

An Internal/external communication plan

A plan for coordinated patient care

Security plan: key to control chaotic environment

Identification of External Resources

A Plan for People Management and traffic flow

A data management strategy

Deactivation Response

A post-incident response

A plan for practice drills

Anticipated resources

Mass casualty incident planning

An educational plan for all of the above

Prepared by Ms. Katrina Victoria L. Akut, BSN, RN -- ang nag-iisang DYOSA..hahaha D. INITIATING EOP Identifying Patients Patient Tracking: critical component of casualty management Disaster Tags (numbered and Triaged): name, address, age, location and description of injuries and treatments or medications given Disaster Log

D. INITIATING EOP

Identifying Patients

Patient Tracking: critical component of casualty management

Disaster Tags (numbered and Triaged): name, address, age, location and description of injuries and treatments or medications given

Disaster Log

Prepared by Ms. Katrina Victoria L. Akut, BSN, RN -- ang nag-iisang DYOSA..hahaha 2. TRIAGE >> formed by NATO According to priority IMMEDIATE : life-threatening but survivable with minimal intervention R –espiratory : airway obstruction secondary to mechanical causes pneumothorax and hemothorax asphyxia E - bdominal : unstable chest and abdominal wounds (penetrating/perforating) sucking chest wounds D -eformities : Fractures (open fracture of long bones) Amputations (incomplete) Burns (2 nd /3 rd degree burns of 15%-40% TBSA) *SHOCK

2. TRIAGE

>> formed by NATO

According to priority

IMMEDIATE : life-threatening but survivable with minimal intervention

R –espiratory : airway obstruction secondary to mechanical causes

pneumothorax and hemothorax

asphyxia

E - bdominal : unstable chest and abdominal wounds (penetrating/perforating)

sucking chest wounds

D -eformities : Fractures (open fracture of long bones)

Amputations (incomplete)

Burns (2 nd /3 rd degree burns of 15%-40% TBSA)

*SHOCK

Prepared by Ms. Katrina Victoria L. Akut, BSN, RN -- ang nag-iisang DYOSA..hahaha II. DELAYED : injuries significant but can wait hours without threat to life or limb Y -ascular injuries with adequate collateral circulation; severe lacerations involving fractures of major bones E -ye and CNS injuries L imb : Fracture requiring Open Reduction, external fixation; debridement O : GUT disruption W - ounds: stable abdominal wounds without significant hemorrhage soft tissue injuries maxillofacial wounds without airway compromise

Prepared by Ms. Katrina Victoria L. Akut, BSN, RN -- ang nag-iisang DYOSA..hahaha III. MINIMAL : injuries minor and treatment can be delayed hours to days GREEN Minor burns Upper extremity fractures Sprains Small lacerations without significant bleeding Behavioral disorder or psychological problems

III. MINIMAL : injuries minor and treatment can be delayed hours to days

GREEN

Minor burns

Upper extremity fractures

Sprains

Small lacerations without significant bleeding

Behavioral disorder or psychological problems

Prepared by Ms. Katrina Victoria L. Akut, BSN, RN -- ang nag-iisang DYOSA..hahaha IV. EMERGENT: injuries extensive and chances of survival are unlikely *BLACK unresponsive patients with penetrating head wounds High spinal cord injuries Multiple anatomical wounds 2 nd and 3 rd degree burns greater than 60% TBSA No pulse, No BP, fixed and dilated pupils Profound shock with multiple injuries Seizures or vomiting within 24 hours after radiation exposure

IV. EMERGENT: injuries extensive and chances of survival are unlikely

*BLACK

unresponsive patients with penetrating head wounds

High spinal cord injuries

Multiple anatomical wounds

2 nd and 3 rd degree burns greater than 60% TBSA

No pulse, No BP, fixed and dilated pupils

Profound shock with multiple injuries

Seizures or vomiting within 24 hours after radiation exposure

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