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Information about ELPS EOC Review

Published on April 13, 2008

Author: Mudki

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  NORTH CAROLINA ECONOMICS, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS REVIEW Instructions for use: A) click mouse and a question will appear with possible answers. B) select your answer and click on it. C) you will be shown the correct answer. D) click again and the next question will appear There are approximately 200 prompts in the review, if you can not finish the review in one setting use the scroll bar to remember where you left off. Created by: J. Marshall Gasperson/ gaspersonm@watauga.k12.nc.us Slide2:  Who is known as the “Father of the Constitution”? A) Thomas Jefferson B) George Washington C) James Madison D) Ben Franklin Slide3:  Which of the following court cases established Judicial Review? A) Gideon v. Wainwright B) Miranda v. Arizona C) Marbury v. Madison D) Korematsu v. United States Slide4:  Local governments get most of their revenues from which of the following: A) Fees and Fines B) Property Tax C) Sales Tax D) Income Tax Slide5:  What is largest expenditure for the National government? A) Military B) National Parks C) Welfare programs D) Foreign Policy Slide6:  A political party’s beliefs are stated in the party___________ . A) Nomination B) Registration C) Convention D) Platform Slide7:  Which of the following is an example of an Excise tax? A) Sales tax B) Gas tax C) Property tax D) Income tax Slide8:  Which of the following provides the most State revenue? A) Sales Tax B) Gas Tax C) Property Tax D) Income Tax Slide9:  Which of the following is a Progressive Tax? A) Sales Tax B) Property Tax C) Income Tax D) Luxury Tax Slide10:  What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? A) Revise the Constitution B) Revise the Articles of Confederation C) Revise the Mayflower Compact D) Revise the Declaration of Independence Slide11:  The 13 original state governments had all of the following, except: A) Monarchs B) Bill of Rights C) Legislative Branches D) Executive Branches Slide12:  Which of the following men first stated, “All men are created equal”: A) George Washington B) Jean Jacque Rousseau C) Thomas Jefferson D) John Locke Slide13:  What state did not send a delegate to the Constitutional Convention? A) North Carolina B) Delaware C) New York D) Rhode Island Slide14:  Which of the following creates the budget for the National Government: A) Legislative Branch B) Executive Branch C) Judicial Branch D) State Legislatures Slide15:  The court case Tinker vs. Des Moines School District dealt with which of the following A) separation of church and state B) freedom of the press C) freedom of speech D) right to bear arms Slide16:  Interest Groups often hire ________, to help them influence legislation. A. Citizens B) Commissioners C) Lobbyists D) Politicians Slide17:  Which of the following elects the President: A) Citizens B) Electoral College C) State Legislators D) State Governors Slide18:  Which of the following statements is best defined as, “people equals power”: A) Popular Sovereignty B) Natural Rights C) Citizenship D) Expressed Powers Slide19:  Congressional power of 2/3 Override is an example of which of the following: A) Popular Sovereignty B) Representative Democracy C) Federalism D) Checks and Balances Slide20:  Which of the following court cases dealt with freedom of expression through the burning of the US Flag. A) Gregg v Georgia B) Texas v. Johnson C) Gibbons v. Ogden D) Wallace v. Jaffee Slide21:  Which Article of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch? A) Article I B) Article II C) Article III D) Article VII Slide22:  Which of the following has the power to tax? A) Congress B) NC General Assembly C) Boone Town Council D) All of the Above Slide23:  Which states opposed the Virginia Plan? A) Large States B) All States C) Small States D) No States Slide24:  The United States has which of the following political systems: A) One-party system B) Two-party system C) Three-party system D) Multi-party system Slide25:  Which of the following would be most concerned with the issue of global warming: A) National Government B) State Government C) Local Government D) All of the Above Slide26:  Federalism is best described as________ of government. A) Representation B) Levels C) Sections D) Divisions Slide27:  Which of the following gives Congress it’s Implied powers? A) Presidential Clause B) Federalism C) Supreme Court D) None of the above Slide28:  The landmark court decision of McCulloch v Maryland establish which of the following A) separate but equal was constitutional B) congresses power to regulate interstate commerce C) struck down school prayer D) supremacy of the federal government Slide29:  The power to coin money is an example of an: A) Reserved power B) Concurrent Power C) Enumerated power D) None of the Above Slide30:  Which of the following countries has a multi-party political system: A) Russia B) United Kingdom C) Japan D) Mexico Slide31:  Which level of the Federal Judicial system has “original jurisdiction”? A) Federal District Court B) US Appellate Court C) US Supreme Court D) All of the above Slide32:  Which of the following is not a requirement to be a member of Congress: A) 30 years old B) State Resident C) Native-born citizen D) District Resident Slide33:  In which of the following court cases did the Supreme Court rule that the death penalty was not a violation of the 8th Amendment A) Miranda v Arizona B) Texas v Johnson C) Gregg v Georgia D) Cruzan v Missouri Slide34:  The National Organization of Women is an example of an: A) Political party B) Interest Group C) Convention D) Plank Slide35:  Which of the following best describes the purpose of the Judicial Branch: A) Makes Laws B) Carry out Laws C) Interpret Laws D) All of the above Slide36:  What best describes the governments power to tax? A) Reserved power B) Enumerated power C) Concurrent power D) Implied power Slide37:  Which of the following is not a Reserved Power? A) power to establish schools B) power to issue license C) power to regulate interstate commerce D) none of the above Slide38:  The Electoral College Compromise dealt with which of the following: A) representation in Congress B) Slave trade C) Counting population D) Choosing the President Slide39:  What was the cause of “Shay’s Rebellion”? A) High taxes B) Unequal representation C) Freedom of Speech D) Right to bear arms Slide40:  Which of the following is the earliest known written legal code? A) Magna Carta B) Mayflower Compact C) Hammurabi’s Code D) US Constitution Slide41:  Which of the following is a law that punishes a person without a fair trial? A) Affirmative action law B) Due Process law C) Ex post Facto law D) Bill of Attainder law Slide42:  People who are eligible to vote are called: A) Caucus B) Electorate C) Plurality D) Coalition Slide43:  If you cast all of your votes for candidates from the same party, you are: A) voting a split-ticket B) voting a consensus C) voting a straight-ticket D) none of the above Slide44:  Which of the following did the Constitutional Convention NOT come up with? A) Bicameral legislature B) Bill of rights C) Judicial Branch D) Executive Branch Slide45:  If you are tried for murder, which of the following courts would have “original jurisdiction” over the trial? A) NC District Court B) NC Superior Court C) NC Court of Appeals D) none of the above Slide46:  Which of the following compromises dealt with representation in the national Congress? A) Electoral College B) Connecticut C) Slave trade D) 3/5 Slide47:  Which of the following court cases established governments practice of separate but equal A) Plessy v Ferguson B) Rust v Sullivan C) Korematsu v. U.S. D) Marbury v. Madison Slide48:  The “Necessary and Proper Clause” gives Congress which of the following powers? A) Expressed powers B) Concurrent powers C) Implied powers D) Reserved powers Slide49:  Which of the following refers to putting a person on trial for the same crime twice? A) Due process of law B) Eminent Domain C) Suffrage D) Double Jeopardy Slide50:  All of the following are duties EXCEPT A) attending school B) paying taxes C) voting in elections D) serving on a jury Slide51:  When a local party organization becomes very powerful, it is sometimes referred to as a_________________ . A) Political machine B) Convention C) Caucus D) none of the above Slide52:  The first political parties in the United States formed during the: A) early colonial period B) debate over the Constitution C) Revolutionary War D) Civil War Era Slide53:  Which of the following is used to predict election outcomes: A) poll watchers B) delegates C) recall votes D) exit polls Slide54:  In a “closed primary”, which of the following may vote: A) only party members B) all registered voters C) all citizens D) only delegates Slide55:  Votes cast directly by the people are referred to as the: A) electoral vote B) popular vote C) referendum D) none of the above Slide56:  A political party’s Presidential candidate is selected by A) primary election B) Electoral College C) National Convention delegates D) Caucuses Slide57:  Which of the following is a propaganda technique used in political campaigns and by lobbyists? A) Endorsements B) Bandwagon C) Glittering generality D) all of the above Slide58:  Which of the following Interest Groups is working to benefit all or most of society? A) National Rifleman Association B) American Association of Retired People C) Consumer Rights Counsel D) National Organization of Women Slide59:  Congressional “franking privileges” are related to which of the following : A) Postal services B) Gerrymandering C) Filibusters D) Seniority Slide60:  What is the minimum age to be a member of Congress? A) 18 B) 21 C) 25 D) 30 Slide61:  What is needed to end a Senate “filibuster” ? A) a vote of impeachment B) a vote of censure C) a vote confidence D) a vote of cloture Slide62:  Which of the following is not a requirement to be a member of the House of Representatives: A) college graduate B) 25 years old C) naturalized citizen D) resident of district Slide63:  Which of the following can come up with an idea for a legislative bill? A) A member of Congress B) The President C) a citizen D) all of the above Slide64:  The leader of the House of Representatives is called the: A) president pro tempore B) majority leader C) speaker of the house D) chairman of the chamber Slide65:  When a congressional committee pigeonholes a bill, it A) sends it to the floor B) amends it C) sets it aside D) creates it Slide66:  The House of Representative has all of the following powers, except the power A) introduce legislative bills B) approval of presidential appointments C) introduce appropriations bills D) vote to declare war Slide67:  Which of the following best describes the economic concept of Scarcity: A) unlimited resources v. limited wants and needs B) limited resources v. unlimited wants and needs C) higher price v. lower quantity D) lower price v. higher quantity Slide68:  The Basic source of all political power in the United States is the A) Constitution of the United States B) local government: town, city or county C) Congress of the United States D) people of the states Slide69:  The U.S. government has the power to draft people into the armed forces. This is an example of A) delegated power B) expresses powers C) inherent powers D) implied powers Slide70:  When a state confiscates private property for public purposes, the state is exercising the right of A) popular sovereignty B) eminent domain C) general welfare D) police power Slide71:  The principle that the power to govern belongs to the people and is delegated by them to their elected officials is A) popular sovereignty B) separation of powers C) federalism D) national supremacy Slide72:  The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are important because they A) provide for the abolishment of slavery B) list the powers of Congress C) guarantee basic individual rights D) give blacks the right to vote Slide73:  In the United States, a person being arrested must be informed of all but one of the following rights A) right to remain silent B) right to a trial by jury C) right to an attorney D) right to have an attorney provided if on can’t be afforded Slide74:  “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment” is the A) First Amendment B) Eight Amendment C) Fourteenth Amendment D) Nineteenth Amendment Slide75:  The Gideon vs. Wainwright case established the A) supremacy of the United States Constitution B) right of a suspect to have a lawyer present before being questioned by police C) right to have a lawyer provided by the court if the accused cannot afford one. D) supremacy of judicial review Slide76:  The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution includes all but on of the following rights. Select the one not found A)right to worship as one pleases B) right of peaceful assembly C) right to bear arms D) right to free speech Slide77:  As a result of the 19th Amendment A) more working women have high-paying jobs B) about half of our senators are women C) women have the right to vote D) women were granted freedom of speech Slide78:  “…No state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” is a brief description of the A) First Amendment B) Eight Amendment C) Fourteenth Amendment D) Nineteenth Amendment Slide79:  “The right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures….” is a brief description of the A) First Amendment B) Fourth Amendment C) Sixth Amendment D) Eight Amendment Slide80:  The system of checks and balances in the United States was designed to A) reduce the power of state government B) reduce the importance of political parties C) prevent one branch of government from becoming too strong D) equalize the powers of the state and national government Slide81:  Which of the following best describes a true Market economy: A) means of production are privately owned B) government controls the means of production C) individuals and government own the means of production D) means of production are controlled by customs Slide82:  Which of the following courts would most likely hear a misdemeanor case for the first time? A) U.S. Supreme Court B) NC Superior Court C) NC District Court D) None of the above Slide83:  Which of the following business organizations is best described as limited life and unlimited liability? A) sole proprietorship B) partnership C) corporation D) both A and B Slide84:  Which of the following would have the lowest investment in Human Capital? A) airline pilot B) teacher C) nurse D) secretary Slide85:  Which of the following is not a example of a capital good? A) garden hose B) moving van C) backhoe D) hammer Slide86:  A sole proprietor is best described as which of the following: A) natural resources B) capital C) labor D) entrepreneur Slide87:  The term point of equilibrium is best described as: A) where price is greater that quantity demanded B) where price is less than quantity supplied C) where price and quantity are equal D) all of the above Slide88:  Which of the following shows ownership in a corporation? A) corporate stock B) corporate bond C) certificate of deposit D) none of the above Slide89:  The court case Brown v. Board of Education dealt with which of the following: A) 1st Amendment B) 2nd Amendment C) 5th Amendment D) 14th Amendment Slide90:  In a weak Mayor form of city government, which branch of government controls the city departments? A) executive B) legislative C) judicial D) none of the above Slide91:  All of the following are true of the office of NC Governor , except: A) 30 years old B) 2 years of residency C) must be native born citizen D) has veto power Slide92:  As Judicial leader, the President had all of the following powers, except: A) grant amnesty B) appoint judges C) grant reprieves D) veto verdicts Slide93:  Which of the following is an example of a consumer good: A) a haircut B) toilet paper C) legal advice D) car wash Slide94:  Which of the following shows the movement of goods and services through an economy? A) supply and demand chart B) Gross Domestic Product C) Business Cycle D) Circular Flow Model Slide95:  The court case Miranda v. Arizona dealt with which of the following: A) freedom of speech B) right bear arms C) cruel and unusual punishment D) rights of the accused Slide96:  In economics a decision to buy a certain product is called a A) consumer choices B) tradeoff C) opportunity cost D) all of the above Slide97:  What percentage of Congress does it take to override a Presidential veto? A) 1/2 B) 3/4 C) 2/3 D) 3/5 Slide98:  The United States economy is best described as: A) traditional B) command C) market D) mixed Slide99:  Which of the following is the key incentive for starting your own business? A) ownership B) profits C) lower tax rates D) decision-making Slide100:  Which of the following has the power to declare laws unconstitutional? A) executive branch B) legislative branch C) judicial branch D) all of the above Slide101:  Which of the following would reduce the surplus of a product? A) lower price and makes less B) lower price and make more C) raise price and make less D) raise price and make more Slide102:  Who follows the Vice president to line of Presidential succession? A) Secretary of State B) President of the Senate C) Speaker of the House D) Secretary of Defense Slide103:  What is the role of government in a mixed economy? A) control prices B) protect business owners C) control supply and demand D) protect consumers and workers Slide104:  A corporation is best described by which of the following? A) unlimited liability and unlimited life B) limited liability and unlimited life C)limited liability and limited life D) unlimited liability and limited life Slide105:  In a market economy, price is controlled by which of the following? A) the government B) businesses C) consumers D) supply and demand Slide106:  The issue of low income housing would be the responsibility of which executive department? A) Veteran Affairs B) Housing and Urban Development C) Commerce D) Energy Slide107:  If the government wanted consumers to spend more money, which of the following would they NOT do: A) raise interest rates B) lower interest rates C) lower taxes D) buy back government securities Slide108:  A sharp rise in inflation would result in which of the following: A) increase in building permits B) increase in consumer spending C) increase in unemployment D) all of the above Slide109:  Which of the following refers to dividing a state into odd-shaped districts? A) constituents B) gerrymandering C) redistricting D) census Slide110:  Which of the following committees is temporary and formed to deal with a specific issue? A) select committee B) joint committee C) conference committee D) standing committee Slide111:  What is the responsibility of a congressional committee? A) propose bills B) research and revise bills C) pass bills into laws D) work on interest of the members party Slide112:  The entire House of Representatives is elected every: A) two years B) four years C) five years D) six years Slide113:  Who has the power to elect the president if no candidate wins a majority in the presidential election? A) the Senate B) the House of Representatives C) Both the House and the Senate D) the Supreme Court Slide114:  If the President wants to reject a bill while Congress is in session, he or she: A) does nothing B) uses a pocket veto C) overrides the bill D) uses a veto Slide115:  Congress can do all of the following, except: A) tax interstate commerce B) raise taxes C) borrow money D) regulate immigration Slide116:  The large network of government agencies and employees, is often referred to as a: A) cloture B) bureaucracy C) quagmire D) democracy Slide117:  What is the most important job of the President? A) deal with foreign countries B) control the military C) carry out laws passed by Congress D) appoint federal judges Slide118:  The State of the Union address is a speech made to Congress: A) annually B) when the President takes office C) when introducing the budget D) during a national crisis Slide119:  Which of the following prepares the budget for the President? A) National Security Council B) White house office staff C) Council of Economic Advisers D) Office of Management and Budget Slide120:  Which of the following grants a corporation the power to operate? A) a dividend B) a charter C) a stock certificate D) a stock exchange Slide121:  If market price is below market demand, the result would be: A) a equilibrium B) surplus C) price elastic D) shortage Slide122:  The executive departments are known as the President’s: A) council B) advisory panel C) cabinet D) none of the above Slide123:  Which of the following is a durable good? A) milk B) candy bar C) bread D) washing machine Slide124:  During a recession the demand of non-durable goods will most likely: A) decrease B) increase slightly C) increase greatly D) show no significant change Slide125:  If a product is considered price elastic, which of the following is true of an increase in price: A) demand will stay the same B) demand will increase C) demand will decrease D) all of the above Slide126:  The value of your second choice is called a: A) tradeoff B) opportunity cost C) dividend D) consumer decision Slide127:  County governments get the most revenues from: A) property tax B) income tax C) sales tax D) fees and fines Slide128:  If the government raises taxes which of the following would most likely happen: A) unemployment would decrease B) number of building permits would increase C) milk production would go down D) automobile sales would decline Slide129:  Technological advances cause which of the following: A) lower prices B) better quality C) higher profits D) all of the above Slide130:  Which part of the business cycle would show a high level of unemployment and a sharp decrease in building permits? A) expansion B) contraction C) peak D) trough Slide131:  A large increase in gasoline prices would cause all of the following, except: A) decrease in automobile sales B) increase in public transit use C) decline in family vacations D) a decrease in government spending Slide132:  The Attorney general is the head of which department: A) Justice B) Interior C) Commerce D) Agriculture Slide133:  The United States Postal Service is an example of a: A) executive agency B) regulatory commission C) government corporation D) executive department Slide134:  The practice of giving jobs as a reward for party loyalty is called a: A) merit system B) spoils system C) federal system D) economic system Slide135:  Decisions made by regulatory commissions: A) must be approved by Congress B) must be approved by the President C) have the force of law D) are obeyed voluntarily Slide136:  The person accused of a crime is called a: A) plaintiff B) defendant C) criminal D) convict Slide137:  At the county level of government who is responsible for carrying out the laws passed by the Commission? A) Mayor B) Town Council C) Governor D) County Commission Slide138:  If the Supreme Court finds a law in conflict with the Constitution, it: A) remands the case to a lower court B) changes the law C) asks Congress to change the law D) declares the law unconstitutional Slide139:  Lawsuits in which there is no existing law to decide the matter are called: A) suits of equity B) negligence suits C) small-claims D) injunctions Slide140:  International trade problems are peculiarly deceptive because they require us to A) develop an appreciation of foreign products B) understand how two currencies can function as a medium of exchange C) understand how other free market systems differ from our own D) carry out or trade negotiations in two languages Slide141:  More education and training of the work force generally leads to A) less productivity of the work force B) less unemployment for skilled workers C) greater productivity of the work force D) more unemployment for skilled workers Slide142:  “ Human wants are greater than the resources that are available to satisfy them.” This implies the need for A) leaving decisions to fate B) working harder C) making choices to allocate resources D) asking for less Slide143:  Which economic problem must ALL societies solve? A) guaranteeing everyone an annual wage B) securing right-to-work laws C) satisfying unlimited wants with limited resources D) speeding up the rate of industrialization Slide144:  What effect does scarce resources have? A) Everybody has all he wants B) People have to make choices C) Stores have to sell more things D) People have to make more natural resources Slide145:  Which of the following is TRUE about individual consumption of world resources? A) It adds up over time B) It can be controlled by corporations with influences C) It is determined by government policy D) It does not matter significantly Slide146:  The principle of specialization means that A) employees are assigned to a specific task to increase efficiency B) production per worker is low but costs of production are no greater C) incomes are related to the marginal product of the worker D) machines are substituted for human capital Slide147:  Which was the most direct result of the use of interchangeable parts in industry? A) an increase in the amount of goods produced B) massive unemployment among unskilled workers C) a decrease in the number of profitable large businesses D) an increase in the number of hours needed to make a product Slide148:  If wages rise rapidly, the most logical reaction by a business would be to A) lay off 1/2 of the workers B) try to buy lower quality raw materials C) investigate increased efficiency through the use of more capital equipment D) hire additional workers Slide149:  Laissez-faire A) limits the role of government B) is a dominant European economic theory C) is a policy of non-interference D) is all of the above E) is only A and C above Slide150:  Suffrage is A) a condition of slavery B) a search order C) fair action by the government D) the right to vote Slide151:  A person guilty of slander has gone beyond the legal limits of his/her A) right of assembly B) right of free press C) right of free speech D) right of worship Slide152:  In the court case United States v Nixon, the Supreme Court ruled on which of the following A) the use of War Powers Act B) the use of Presidential Impeachment C) the use of Executive Privilege D) the use of a Presidential pardon Slide153:  This early American political party opposed a strong national government A) Jeffersonian Republicans B) Federalists C) Anti-Federalist D) American Independent Slide154:  A series of taxes on newspapers, books, and documents that Americans were forced to pay to the British before the Revolutionary War was called A) excise B) tyranny C) empire taxes D) stamp taxes Slide155:  In 1776 what did Americans accuse the British Government of doing? A) taxing them without their consent B) quartering troops in their houses C) failing to give prisoners a fair trial D) all of the above Slide156:  Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress A) had all powers necessary to conduct the government B) did not have power to enforce the laws it made C) restricted the powers of the states Slide157:  Flexibility is provided in the U.S. Constitution mainly by the A) Preamble and the Bill of Rights B) amending and the elastic clause C) provisions for separation D) system of checks and balances Slide158:  A change in the U.S. Constitution is called A) a tariff B) a veto C) an amendment D) a filibuster Slide159:  The practice of providing jobs as a reward to members of the political party in power is called A) subsidy B) public assistance C) seniority D) patronage Slide160:  Which of the following court cases banned government sponsored prayer in schools A) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas B) Rust v. Sullivan C) Gideon v. Wainwright D) Engel v. Vitale Slide161:  Presidential Cabinet choices must be approved by the A) Senate B) House C) full Congress D) State Governors Slide162:  The federal government may do all of these EXCEPT A) print and coin money B) regulate interstate trade C) combine state education districts D) conduct foreign relations Slide163:  More than half of a group is a A) majority B) minority C) maximum D) minimum Slide164:  The most common reason for non-voting in American elections is A) illness on election day B) complicated voting procedures C) indifference/apathy D) physical and mental disabilities Slide165:  Membership in either of the major political parties is A) a voluntary matter B) required of all adults by law C) regulated by state law D) quite expensive because of the annual payment Slide166:  Practically all members of our major parties A) agree on such basic principles as popular sovereignty, limited government, and federalism B) agree on most major issues such as taxation and the farm problem C) hold political office D) support the policies of the administration in power Slide167:  Initiative is A) the right of voters to propose laws B) a governor’s power to reject an entire bill C) a state’s right to approve part of a bill and reject the rest D) the right of a voter to approve or reject bills passed by legislation Slide168:  Referendum is A) the right of voters to propose laws B) a governor’s power to reject and entire bill C) a state’s right to approve art of a bill and reject the rest D) the right of a voter to approve or reject bills passed by legislation Slide169:  The Federal Trade Commission was established to: A) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from foreign competition in business B) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from unfair advertising by businesses C) Protect American business from unfair competition from foreign countries D) Protect foreign companies doing business in the U.S. Slide170:  Primaries are elections in which A) Voters who are registered in a given party are given a chance to express their choice for the party nomination B) beginning voters get a chance to practice operating the voting machine C) only party workers are permitted to express their preference among party hopefuls D) the party “bosses” meet in a caucus room to determine who will get the nomination Slide171:  In order to vote wisely a citizen must A) understand the problems of government B) know the policies of candidates C) study the issues D) all of the above Slide172:  Gun control legislation is strongly and actively opposed by the A) IRS B) AMA C) NRA D) FBI Slide173:  An individual that is paid to try to influence legislators to vote for or against certain legislation is a A) member of a pressure group B) legislative secretary C) lobbyist D) politician Slide174:  A “pocket veto” refers to A) Congress’s power to override a Presidential veto B) the ability of the Supreme Court to decide whether an act of legislation is unconstitutional C) the ability of the bureaucracy to daily implementing orders D) the President’s refusal to sign a bill when Congress adjourns within ten days after its passage Slide175:  In the U.S., which institution act as a court in presidential impeachment proceedings A) the Supreme Court B) the House of Representatives C) the Senate D) both the House of Representatives and the Senate Slide176:  In which action is the President acting as Party Leader? A) He meets a delegation of union workers B) He sends a message to Congress asking support for a bill C) He endorses congressional candidates running for election D) He appoints a Supreme Court Justice who shares his philosophy Slide177:  James Jones was born in Germany while his father was in the U.S. Army. He is 18 and has lived in Watauga County for 2 months. On election day Mr. Jones goes to the polls to vote but is not allowed to do so. Which of the following has he not met? A) citizenship B) age C) registration D) residency Slide178:  The President of the United States must be at least______ years of age, according to the Constitution. A) 25 B) 30 C) 35 D) 40 Slide179:  KBTU radio and KRTH television stations must get licenses to operate from this group A) Federal Communications Commission B) Federal Reserve Bank C) Federal Trade Commission D) Interstate Commerce Commission Slide180:  If our country were placed in a position of having to declare war on another nation, which of the following would be responsible for declaring war? A) President B) Congress C) Supreme Court D) President but with approval from the Senate Slide181:  In the U.S., treaties must be ratified by the A) President B) House of Representatives C) Senate D) Supreme Court Slide182:  When the Vice-President of the U.S. is absent, the ________ presides over the Senate A) Majority Leader B) Speaker of the House C) President pro tempore Slide183:  A qualification of becoming a U.S. representative is A) being a U.S. citizen for twelve years B) being twenty-five years of age or older C) being a natural-born citizen D) none of the above Slide184:  A filibuster is a speech in the Senate for the purpose of A) officially reviewing the bill just prior to a vote B) explaining a bill’s details to all members C) criticizing a committee’s report on a bill D) delaying or preventing the vote on a bill Slide185:  The Speaker of the House of Representatives is chosen by A) both houses of Congress and the President B) the previous Speaker C) the members of the House of Representatives D) national election Slide186:  Which of the following would be considered a criminal case? A) arson B) personal injury C) slander D) contract dispute Slide187:  Which of the following situations would be MOST LIKELY be tried under civil law in the U.S. A) murder B) armed robbery C) kidnapping D) fighting Slide188:  A congressional conference committee is needed when A) the President does not agree with the House or Senate on a Bill B) the House and Senate pass bills that are similar but not identical C) too much time has been spent considering a bill D) outside help is needed to understand a bill Slide189:  If a person wished to buy a restaurant license or any other license to operate a business, it would be issued by this city official A) City clerk B) Mayor C) District Attorney D) City Council Member Slide190:  If newspapers report that a person has been indicted in connection with missing company funds, this means A) has stolen the company funds B) will be found guilty of stealing the company funds C) will be tried on a charge of stealing the company funds D) outside help is needed to understand a bill Slide191:  Under U.S. law , the rules of evidence are designed to A) apply only in cases of serious crimes B) ensure a decision based upon facts C) allow hearsay only if it is relevant D) requires courts to accept al evidence Slide192:  The unwritten law which evolved from customs, traditions, and decisions of judges is called A) warranty law B) people’s law C) common law D) civil law Slide193:  Money or security posted to guarantee the appearance of an accused person for trial is called A) grand jury B) warrant C) common law D) bail Slide194:  The lawyer employed by government to present the government’s case is called A) the government lawyer B) the defense attorney C) the district attorney D) the people’s representative Slide195:  Due process of law in a criminal procedure includes A) allowing a person who is testifying to say who he/she thinks committed the crime B) giving an accused person a chance to prove himself/herself innocent C) reading to the accused his/her rights and giving him/her a hearing and a speedy trial with right to counsel D) doing away with the right to trial because the accused confessed Slide196:  Which of the following theories of punishment is designed to help the criminal become an independent, productive citizen A) Individual Deterrence B) Revenge C) General Deterrence D) Rehabilitation Slide197:  The lawyer for the defendant in a criminal case is called A) the defense attorney B) the defender C) the district attorney D) the people’s representatives Slide198:  Which of the following situations describes extradition A) a governor can bring to an end a session of the state legislature B) a governor can ask that a prisoner held in another state be returned to the state a for prosecution and trial C) a governor can give a convicted felon his/her freedom and free him/her from guilt of a crime D) a governor can refuse to sign a bill into law Slide199:  The concept of “innocent until proven guilty” means that A) the accused must prove innocence B) the trial must be held quickly C) the burden of proof is on the prosecutor D) all of the above Slide200:  A writ of habeas corpus is A) safeguards the jailer from any penalty when he receives a prisoner B) orders a jailer to bring a person to proper trial C) does not guarantee that a prisoner will be charged with a crime D) is a procedure in which a prisoner does not need a trial Slide201:  Capital goods refer to A) corporate securities B) money in savings accounts C) goods used to produce other goods D) all money in the economy Slide202:  Wasteland is a country in which there is very little government ownership of farms and businesses. People may start their own businesses and the government doesn’t interfere with wages or prices. Wasteland is A) cooperative B) socialistic C) capitalistic D) communistic Slide203:  Which of the following is a function of the marketplace? A) to make sure that buyers pay the lowest possible prices B) to make things look attractive C) to have honest advertising D) to bring buyers and sellers together Slide204:  If two goods are substituted for each other, then consumers usually decide to purchase one or the other on the basis of A) the prices of the two goods B) where the two goods have been produced C) their desire to have variety in what they consume D) their desire to keep the producers of both good in business Slide205:  Competition among businesses should result in which of the following A) higher cost of materials B) higher prices for products C) reduction in consumer demand D) more efficient production Slide206:  If there is an decrease in the supply of coffee, consumers will most likely A) buy less tea because of a decrease in the price of coffee B) buy more tea because of a decrease in the price of coffee C) buy less tea because of an increase in the price of coffee D) buy more tea because of an increase in the price of butter Slide207:  “Double Taxation” refers to the fact that A) the tax rate on corporate income is about twice as high as that on personal income B) corporate earnings are taxed under the corporate income tax and, in addition, that part of corporate income paid out as dividends are taxed as personal income C) both distributed and undistributed corporate profits are taxed as personal income D) both employers and employees pay taxes to finance unemployment compensation payments Slide208:  A single firm operates three plants which consist of a cattle ranch, a slaughter house, and beef distributor. This an example of a A) horizontal combination B) vertical combination C) partnership D) corporation Slide209:  The term “monopoly” describes a situation in which the market price of goods and services is established by which of the following A) many sellers B) a single buyer C) many buyers and sellers D) a single seller or a small group of sellers

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