Elizabethan times

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Information about Elizabethan times

Published on February 7, 2008

Author: Rina

Source: authorstream.com

Elizabethan England: Elizabethan England Grades 10-12 Kai Põld Tallinn, Nõmme Gümnaasium Slide 2: Queen Elizabeth I Rise of England Defeat of the Spanish Armada National Church of England Literature Education Slide 3: Young Elizabeth I Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn, ruled England from 1558 to 1603. Elizabeth’s reign was a time of great prosperity and achievement, and her court was a centre for poets, writers, musicians, and scholars. Slide 4: Old London Bridge This painting of Old London Bridge by Claude de Jongh, at Kenwood House, dates in fact from the 1630s, but the bridge had changed little since the Elizabethan era. The bridge was a central artery of Elizabethan London, and on it were shops, houses, and gateways bearing the heads of executed criminals on spikes. This river crossing was supplemented by ferries, and the ferrymen (renowned for their coarse language) were often referred to in Elizabethan literature. Victoria and Albert Museum/Art Resource, NY "Old London Bridge," Microsoft® Encarta® 99 Encyclopedia. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Slide 5: A Fête at Bermondsey by Joris Hoefnagel depicts an Elizabethan outdoor feast of the 1570s in full swing, with music and dancing in the foreground, and the feast itself being prepared behind. The picture presents a cross-section of stratified Elizabethan society: most of the figures are nobles or gentry; but the servants, dancers, and musicians are commoners, and a criminal in the stocks is visible under the eaves of the central thatched building. It also shows how small Elizabethan London still was: the Tower of London and the City can be dimly seen on the horizon across the river, but Bermondsey itself, now a built-up part of the central conurbation, was still mostly green fields. The painting also bears witness to another glory of the Elizabethan scene: the flowering of Elizabethan music which produced great composers like Thomas Tallis, William Byrd, and John Dowland. Slide 6: This Dutch painting of ladies and gentlemen dancing was created by Paul Vredeman de Vries. Queen Elizabeth I’s reign saw the rise of England from a small kingdom on the edge of Europe to the status of a world power. The entertainments enjoyed by groups in Elizabethan society depended largely on wealth. Elizabeth’s courtiers often had town houses in London, as well as large country estates. Slide 7: Little Moreton Hall, in Cheshire, is an extensive half-timbered Elizabethan mansion. It was built between 1440 and 1580, and was the home of the Moreton family. This is a view of the south front of the house, with a bridge over the moat. Slide 8: . Slide 10: Young Man among Roses This portrait miniature of an unknown youth by Nicholas Hilliard shows the Elizabethan ideal of the courtly gentleman, dressed in ruff, doublet, and hose: a style that could be found in most countries of 16th-century Europe. This foppish young gentleman demonstrates the Elizabethan masculine fashion for jewellery and adornment, attested by Shakespeare. Slide 11: Elizabeth I's Gloves These floridly decorated gloves once belonged to Queen Elizabeth I herself, and indicate the cultivation and splendour of Elizabethan court life. Though less rich than the nobility of France, or of the mighty Spanish Empire, the Elizabethan aristocracy maintained a high standard of living, enjoying considerably more refined (and longer) lives than their poorer contemporaries. Slide 12: Sir Francis Drake was the first English navigator to sail around the world. An explorer and military leader, Drake raided Spanish shipping and became the greatest privateer of his time. Slide 13: The Spanish Armada was a substantial invasion fleet dispatched by Philip II of Spain in May 1588 against England. The 130 ships, carrying almost 30,000 men were sighted in the English Channel at the end of July, and after some indecisive skirmishes with the English, they anchored off Calais. Lord Howard, the English commander, then sent fireships among the Armada, which caused complete panic. In the ensuing engagement the Spanish were routed and forced to flee north around the coast of Scotland. Many galleons were wrecked, due to foul weather and the rocky coasts of Scotland and Ireland: out of a total of 130 vessels, only 67 eventually returned to port. " Slide 14: Defeat of the Spanish Armada The great conflict between Elizabethan England and the Spanish Empire was religious as much as political, and the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 was seen by the victorious Protestant English as divine providence as much as a military success. Slide 15: Elizabethan Writers Edmund Spenser (lower right), Christopher Marlowe (upper right), Sir Walter Raleigh (centre), and William Shakespeare (left) were only a few of the great writers who blossomed during the reign of Elizabeth I. Slide 16: Christopher Marlowe Christopher Marlowe, considered the greatest English dramatist before William Shakespeare, greatly advanced tragedy as an English dramatic form. He was also the first English playwright to compose in blank verse. Slide 17: Sir Walter Raleigh Sir Walter Raleigh was an explorer, writer, and intellectual of the Elizabethan era. A favourite at Elizabeth’s court, Raleigh was imprisoned in the Tower of London after being accused of plotting against her successor, King James I. He was executed in 1618. Slide 18: Elizabeth I, 1592 This portrait of the ageing Elizabeth I was painted in 1592 when her popularity was on the decline. The longevity of the queen’s reign worked to her disadvantage as she outlived her greatest and most trusted councillors.

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