Published on March 13, 2014
eLearning or eKnowledge: What are we offering students? Greig Krull and Brenda Mallinson 29 September 2013 Unisa Cambridge ODeL Conference
The Challenge “This course contains an overflow of information” “Lets just create a course for this” Is it a learning programme or a collation of content? Wikipedia Commons (PD)
Impact of Supporting ICT Increased access to resources, information, knowledge eLearning Africa Report (2013) CC-BY-NC-ND Emergence of new methods of teaching and learning
But… • Deployment of technologies such as VLE/LMS usually perpetuates transmissive modes • Aim seems to be efficiency of delivery rather than improving the learning experience Brent Hoard (2009) CC-BY
Leading to… Dissatisfactory Use of Technology Decontextualised Information Dumping of Content Poor learning design leading to unsatisfactory student learning experience with poor results
Importance of Learning Design Design Purpose 1. What do learners need to learn? 2. How can we help learners learn? 3. How will we know learners have learned? 4. How can we sure of good quality learning?
The Three Presences Cognitive TeachingSocial Anderson (2008) Supporting discourse Setting climate Selecting content Educational Experience
eKnowledge • Share informational content • Easily and appropriately accessible
Need for Knowledge Management Need for on-demand learning activities Make sense of the plethora of information Collect, organise and share organisational information and experiences to create additional value
Convergence of Knowledge and Learning Knowledge as… Knowledge and Learning Theme Learning as… Artefact • Semantic Markup • Knowledge types Objects Content / Authoring • Knowledge downsizing • Metadata / Standards Processes • Knowledge Lifecycle • Infrastructure Processes Flow of Instruction • Instructional Design • Learning Activities Social Construct • Communities of Practice • Virtual Teams Strategies Communities / Social • Organisational Learning • Workplace Learning Infrastructure • Applications • Enabling Technologies Systems “System” • Services • Roles / Actions Knowledge Flow / Services • Semantic Services • Instrument knowledge flow Performance Learning Context • Augmentation • Ubiquitous learning Lytras and Sicilia (2005)
Independent and Adult Learning Adult Learning Confidence & Independence Skills & Strategy Knowledge & Understanding Experience Reflection Creativity Syverson (2006)
Implications Rethink course outlines and learning objectives Sharper focus on instructional resources Utilise well-structured informational resources to be found at the moment of need Clarify the approach best suited to a particular learning purpose Spend more time guiding learners to find, interpret, evaluate and use content Rethink the HOW in the design of our learning provision
Reflection 1. What is the purpose of the content and resources you are providing for students? 2. How are you using technology to support your teaching and learning approach?
Thank You Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Greig Krull firstname.lastname@example.org @greigk_za Brenda Mallinson email@example.com www.slideshare.net/oerafrica
References • Anderson, T (ed) (2008) Teaching in an Online Learning Context. The theory and practice of online learning. Athabasca University Press: 343-363. • Barker, P (2005) Knowledge management for e‐learning. Innovations in Education and Teaching International 42(2). • Isaacs, S (ed) (2013) The eLearning Africa Report, ICWE: Germany • Laurillard, D (2006) E-Learning in Higher Education. In Ashwin, P (ed) Changing Higher Education: The Development of Learning and Teaching. London: Routledge. 1-12. • Lytras, M and Sicilia, M (2005) The Knowledge Society: a manifesto for knowledge and learning, Int. J. Knowledge and Learning, Vol. 1, Nos. 1/2, 1–11. • Mason, J (2005) From e-learning to e-knowledge in in Madanmohan Rao (ed.) Knowledge management tools and techniques, 320-328, Elsevier, London. • Renshaw, J (2012) Taking your course online? Beware the belittling 'information dump'! English Raven Blog. • Rosenberg, M (2013) eLearning vs eKnowledge. Learning Solutions Magazine. • Saide (2012). Course Design and Material Development Guide.
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