eLearning, Interactive Hypermedia, Neuroscience Icalt06 presentation

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Information about eLearning, Interactive Hypermedia, Neuroscience Icalt06 presentation

Published on February 2, 2008

Author: jalam

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Talk given at International conference on advance learning technology 2006 at Kerkrade, The Netherlands

eLearning, Interactive Hypermedia, Neuroscience and Digital Learning Module Creation Javed Alam Civil/Environmental and Chemical Engineering Department Youngstown State University Youngstown, Ohio, USA 44555 The 6 th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies Kerkrade The Netherlands 5-7 July 2006

eLearning Instructional Design Analyze - analyze learner characteristics, task to be learned, etc. Design - develop learning objectives, choose an instructional approach Develop - create instructional or training materials Implement - deliver or distribute the instructional materials Evaluate - make sure the materials achieved the desired goals.

Analyze - analyze learner characteristics, task to be learned, etc.

Design - develop learning objectives, choose an instructional approach

Develop - create instructional or training materials

Implement - deliver or distribute the instructional materials

Evaluate - make sure the materials achieved the desired goals.

eLearning Mapping of Traditional Teaching and Learning Practices into Virtual Learning Environment The wired or wirelessly connected desktop, laptop computers and small form factor computing devices such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDA) to the Internet. The computers running the web server and application server software including the Learning Management Software (LMS) Learning Content Management Software (LCMS). The implementation of Learning Design (LD) is accomplished through the LD software tools that are add on to the application server software.

Mapping of Traditional Teaching and Learning Practices into Virtual Learning Environment

The wired or wirelessly connected desktop, laptop computers and small form factor computing devices such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDA) to the Internet.

The computers running the web server and application server software including the Learning Management Software (LMS)

Learning Content Management Software (LCMS).

The implementation of Learning Design (LD) is accomplished through the LD software tools that are add on to the application server software.

eLearning Review

Example eLearning Components eLecture http://www.eng.ysu.edu/~jalam/icalt06paper/presentation/resources/DOF%20e-lecture_fs1.htm Use Firebox and resize the window for the maximum size eAssessment http://www.eng.ysu.edu/~jalam/icalt06paper/presentation/resources/Quiz%20on%20DOF.htm

eLecture

http://www.eng.ysu.edu/~jalam/icalt06paper/presentation/resources/DOF%20e-lecture_fs1.htm Use Firebox and resize the window for the maximum size

eAssessment http://www.eng.ysu.edu/~jalam/icalt06paper/presentation/resources/Quiz%20on%20DOF.htm

Example eLearning Component eComputation

Hypermedia Components Hypertext Text + Hyperlinks Graphics (Images, Photographs, Vector Drawings) Digital Sound Animation Digital/Digital Video

Hypertext Text + Hyperlinks

Graphics (Images, Photographs, Vector Drawings)

Digital Sound

Animation Digital/Digital Video

Hypermedia vs. Print Media Matured techniques for creating Print media Print media content is static Print Media provides higher resolution 1400 dpi vs. 75-125 dpi for screen Hypermedia provides dynamic content with interactivity Possibility of manipulating 1024x768 screen pixel elements with 32 bits per pixel A comprehensive array of affordable digital element creation tools Digital Delivery through the inter connected computing devices Tools and Techniques for digital media creation using Hypermedia are still evolving

Matured techniques for creating Print media

Print media content is static

Print Media provides higher resolution 1400 dpi vs. 75-125 dpi for screen

Hypermedia provides dynamic content with interactivity

Possibility of manipulating 1024x768 screen pixel elements with 32 bits per pixel

A comprehensive array of affordable digital element creation tools

Digital Delivery through the inter connected computing devices

Tools and Techniques for digital media creation using Hypermedia are still evolving

Neuroscience and Education

Sources of Brain Function Information Non Invasive Brain Scans Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Functional magnetic resonance imaging ( fMRI ) Electroencephalogram ( EEG ) Invasive surgical procedures Study of Patients with damaged brain functions

Non Invasive Brain Scans

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

Functional magnetic resonance imaging ( fMRI )

Electroencephalogram ( EEG )

Invasive surgical procedures

Study of Patients with damaged brain functions

Brain Basics Top View of Brain Section View of Brain Average number of neurons in the brain = 100 billion Number of synapses for a "typical" neuron = 1,000 to 10,000 Sparsely interconnected neural network Several trillion possible Interconnections between neurons

Top View of Brain

Section View of Brain

Average number of neurons in the brain = 100 billion

Number of synapses for a "typical" neuron = 1,000 to 10,000

Sparsely interconnected neural network

Several trillion possible Interconnections between neurons

Neural Processing in eLearning Visual/Aural stimulus processing Memory sub systems Emotion/Motivation processing Neural-plasticity Attention processing

Visual/Aural stimulus processing

Memory sub systems

Emotion/Motivation processing

Neural-plasticity

Attention processing

Visual/Aural stimulus processing

Memory sub systems

Emotion processing Basic Emotions Fear, Anger, Disgust, Sad, Surprise, Happy Subcortical structures comprising the limbic system, including the hippocampus, hypothalamus, thalamus & pituitary gland.  It controls self homeostasis, emotion, hunger, sexual desire, sleep and memory.  

Basic Emotions

Fear, Anger, Disgust, Sad, Surprise, Happy

Subcortical structures comprising the limbic system, including the hippocampus, hypothalamus, thalamus & pituitary gland.  It controls self homeostasis, emotion, hunger, sexual desire, sleep and memory.  

Neural Processing of Fear Brain Components Visual Thalamus Visual Cortex Amygdala Animation from LeDoux http:// www.cns.nyu.edu/ledoux /

Brain Components

Visual Thalamus

Visual Cortex

Amygdala

Animation from LeDoux

http:// www.cns.nyu.edu/ledoux /

Motivation/Arousal Brain Reward Subsystems Prefrontal Cortex Nucleus accumbens Amygdala Hippocampus Ventral tegmental area Feeling of arousal and pleasure when dopamine-containing neurons release neurotransmitter dopamine into specific brain areas that include a special portion of the nucleus accumbens .

Brain Reward Subsystems

Prefrontal Cortex

Nucleus accumbens

Amygdala

Hippocampus

Ventral tegmental area

Feeling of arousal and pleasure when dopamine-containing neurons release neurotransmitter dopamine into specific brain areas that include a special portion of the nucleus accumbens .

Neural-plasticity Neural plasticity is the ability of neural circuits to undergo changes in function or organization due to activities or exercises performed by the human subject. These activities could be sensoral or Motor activities. Learning of new knowledge and behavior is directly related to Neural plasticity. Contrary to popular myth, this capability of neural circuits to reorganize and learn new knowledge and behavior pattern persist well in the advance age

Neural plasticity is the ability of neural circuits to undergo changes in function or organization due to activities or exercises performed by the human subject.

These activities could be sensoral or Motor activities.

Learning of new knowledge and behavior is directly related to Neural plasticity.

Contrary to popular myth, this capability of neural circuits to reorganize and learn new knowledge and behavior pattern persist well in the advance age

Attention processing Concept of Attention as a organ system is advanced by Michael I. Posner, Professor, Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon Involvement of different brain subsystems to create attention depending upon the task performed A closely related phenomenon to attention is "orienting response.“ Source: http://www.sciam.com/2002/0202issue/0202kubey.html In 1986 Byron Reeves of Stanford University, Esther Thorson of the University of Missouri and their colleagues began to study whether the simple formal features of television--cuts, edits, zooms, pans, sudden noises--activate the Television's stylistic tricks--cuts, edits, zooms--can trigger involuntary orienting response, thereby keeping attention on the screen. By watching how brain waves were affected by formal features, the researchers concluded that these stylistic tricks can indeed trigger involuntary responses and "derive their attentional value through the evolutionary significance of detecting movement.... It is the form, not the content, of television that is unique."

Concept of Attention as a organ system is advanced by Michael I. Posner, Professor, Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon

Involvement of different brain subsystems to create attention depending upon the task performed

A closely related phenomenon to attention is "orienting response.“

Source:

http://www.sciam.com/2002/0202issue/0202kubey.html

Conclusions and Future Work Development of New Learning Science Based upon the findings in Neuroscience The emerging hypermedia content development practices with interactivity Challenges of the use of insights from Neuroscience in effective Design of Digital Learning Content for eLearning

Development of New Learning Science Based upon the findings in Neuroscience

The emerging hypermedia content development practices with interactivity

Challenges of the use of insights from Neuroscience in effective Design of Digital Learning Content for eLearning

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