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Elderly Care

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Information about Elderly Care
Health & Medicine

Published on November 22, 2008

Author: rajbir

Source: slideshare.net

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Elderly care

Contents Statistical interpretation Who is an elderly Concept of Population aging Geriatrics Why need care What is Old age care Where it is given

Statistical interpretation

Who is an elderly

Concept of Population aging

Geriatrics

Why need care

What is Old age care

Where it is given

List of Ngo’s of Chandigarh working for old aged Major old age homes and day care centers in Chandigarh Government's policies and programme

List of Ngo’s of Chandigarh working for old aged

Major old age homes and day care centers in Chandigarh

Government's policies and programme

Some Statistics

Total population 1,129,866,154 Birth rate: 22.69 /1,000 Death rate: 6.58 deaths/1,000 Life expectancy: 68.59 years Male 66.28 years Female 71.17 years Age Structure: 15-64 years: 63.3% Male 374,157,581 Female 352,868,003 65-0ver years: 5.2% Male 28,285,796 Female 31,277,725

Total population 1,129,866,154

Birth rate: 22.69 /1,000

Death rate: 6.58 deaths/1,000

Life expectancy: 68.59 years

Male 66.28 years

Female 71.17 years

Age Structure:

15-64 years: 63.3%

Male 374,157,581

Female 352,868,003

65-0ver years: 5.2%

Male 28,285,796

Female 31,277,725

Sex ratio 65 & >: 0.908 male(s)/female 90% old belong to unorganized sector 73% are illiterate 40% below poverty line 33% on poverty line

Sex ratio 65 & >: 0.908 male(s)/female

90% old belong to unorganized sector

73% are illiterate

40% below poverty line

33% on poverty line

Population Projections (in millions) 76 2020 65 2015 58 2010 51 2005 45 2000

Who are Elderly The person who has attained the age of 60 and above is an old person/senior citizen People may be considered old when they become grandparents When they begin to do less work or become professionally inactive after retirement.

The person who has attained the age of 60 and above is an old person/senior citizen

People may be considered old when they become grandparents

When they begin to do less work or become professionally inactive after retirement.

Young old age 60-70 years Old old age 70-80 years Oldest old age >80 years

Young old age 60-70 years

Old old age 70-80 years

Oldest old age >80 years

Concept of Population Ageing The ageing of a population has been defined as an increase in the proportion of the aged vis-à-vis a decrease in the proportion of the young.

The ageing of a population has been defined as an increase in the proportion of the aged vis-à-vis a decrease in the proportion of the young.

New Disciplines Emerged Geriatrics- is the branch of medicine or social science concerned with the health and care of old people. Government introduced policies for welfare of old Senior citizen schemes Senior citizen cards Reserved seats in buses, trains. Separate ques

Geriatrics- is the branch of medicine or social science concerned with the health and care of old people.

Government introduced policies for welfare of old

Senior citizen schemes

Senior citizen cards

Reserved seats in buses, trains.

Separate ques

Special Group and Needs Care Physiological reserve capacity ( in terms of muscle strength, cardiorespiratory fitness, skeletal integrity) of older people declines Reduction in reserve capacity Decline in functional independence Reduces their capacity to adapt to new challenges presented by disease and social and environmental factors

Physiological reserve capacity ( in terms of muscle strength, cardiorespiratory fitness, skeletal integrity) of older people declines

Reduction in reserve capacity

Decline in functional independence

Reduces their capacity to adapt to new challenges presented by disease and social and environmental factors

Abuse ‘ A single or repeated act or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person’

‘ A single or repeated act or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person’

There are five main types of abuse: Physical abuse: (hitting, slapping, burning, pushing, restraining or giving too much medication or the wrong medication) Psychological abuse: (shouting, swearing, frightening, blaming, ignoring or humiliating a person)

Physical abuse: (hitting, slapping, burning, pushing, restraining or giving too much medication or the wrong medication)

Psychological abuse: (shouting, swearing, frightening, blaming, ignoring or humiliating a person)

Financial abuse: (the illegal or unauthorized use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables) Sexual abuse: (forcing a person to take part in any sexual activity without his or her consent - this can occur in any relationship)

Financial abuse: (the illegal or unauthorized use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables)

Sexual abuse: (forcing a person to take part in any sexual activity without his or her consent - this can occur in any relationship)

Neglect : ( where a person is deprived of food, heat, clothing or comfort or essential medication) An older person may either suffer from only one form of abuse, or different types of abuses at the same time.

Neglect : ( where a person is deprived of food, heat, clothing or comfort or essential medication)

An older person may either suffer from only one form of abuse, or different types of abuses at the same time.

Incidence of Crime against elderly /1000 population 1.2 3.2 Aggravated assault 1.5 2.5 Robbery .1 .3 Rape/Sexual assault .04 .05 Murder 3 6 Serious violence 65 & > 60-64

2,743 15,006 129,798 151,236 50+ Murder Rape/sexual assault Robbery Aggravated assault Age

Morbidity among elderly

Major causes of death among elderly

28.19 21.95 Old age death 1.3 1.3 Typhoid 1.5 2.1 Malaria 1.6 1.7 Acute abdomen 2.3 1.9 Diabetes 4.1 4.7 Anemia 5.8 15.1 T.B/Lung 7.1 6.0 Cancer 8.4 9.7 Paralysis 13.2 12.8 Heart 25.8 25.9 Bronchitis/asthma 1995(%age) 1991(%age) Mortality reasons

What is old Age Care Positive interventions for strengthening family and social support systems for the older persons is Old Age Care. Components Medical care Social care Security

Positive interventions for strengthening family and social support systems for the older persons is Old Age Care.

Components

Medical care

Social care

Security

1.Preventive services 1.Care by family 1.Law 2.Curative services 2.Rehabilitation 2.Programmes OLD AGE CARE MEDICAL CARE SOCIAL CARE SECURITY

Earlier Traditionally elder care has been the responsibility of family members Joint family changes to extended family and then nuclear family system In modern societies, elder care is now being provided increasingly by state or charitable institutions

Traditionally elder care has been the responsibility of family members

Joint family changes to extended family and then nuclear family system

In modern societies, elder care is now being provided increasingly by state or charitable institutions

elder care facilities - freestanding assisted living facilities, nursing homes.

elder care facilities - freestanding assisted living facilities, nursing homes.

Where Depends on condition of individual. Normal –home, old age home, daycare centers Ill –hospice centers, hospitals ,home (home care nursing)

Depends on condition of individual.

Normal –home, old age home, daycare centers

Ill –hospice centers, hospitals ,home (home care nursing)

NGOs list Capital Christian welfare association Sahayta cancer sahyog Servants of peoples society Sai tara ummat foundation Help age India Asra Foundation Ahsaas Guru harkrishan society Sehat sewa society

Capital Christian welfare association

Sahayta cancer sahyog

Servants of peoples society

Sai tara ummat foundation

Help age India

Asra Foundation

Ahsaas

Guru harkrishan society

Sehat sewa society

Old Age Homes in Chandigarh Ahluwalia old age home Mohali Mansa Devi Ashram Panchkula Home for old and destitute Sector-15, Chandigarh Sai Seva Smiti Ashram Sector-30, Chandigarh

Ahluwalia old age home Mohali

Mansa Devi Ashram Panchkula

Home for old and destitute Sector-15, Chandigarh

Sai Seva Smiti Ashram Sector-30,

Chandigarh

Day Care Centers Lajpat Rai Bhavan Sector-15, Chandigarh Chandikusht Ashram Sector-31, Chandigarh

Lajpat Rai Bhavan Sector-15,

Chandigarh

Chandikusht Ashram Sector-31,

Chandigarh

Government National Policy on Older Persons. It is a policy document formulated by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in 1999

National Policy on Older Persons.

It is a policy document formulated by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in 1999

Aim To strengthen their legitimate place in society and help older persons to live the last phase of their life with purpose, dignity and peace.

To strengthen their legitimate place in society and help older persons to live the last phase of their life with purpose, dignity and peace.

Principal Areas of Intervention The principal areas of intervention are: Financial Security Health Care and Nutrition Shelter Continued Education

The principal areas of intervention are:

Financial Security

Health Care and Nutrition

Shelter

Continued Education

Welfare Protection of life and property Realizing the Potential Family Support Research Training of Manpower

Welfare

Protection of life and property

Realizing the Potential

Family Support

Research

Training of Manpower

National Initiative on Care for Elderly to enhance the delivery of care to the elderly in de-institutionalized settings To develop a cadre of frontline personnel of Geriatric Care Givers To impart training to Care Givers in socio-economic, physical, psychological and other related issues of the aged

to enhance the delivery of care to the elderly in de-institutionalized settings

To develop a cadre of frontline personnel of Geriatric Care Givers

To impart training to Care Givers in socio-economic, physical, psychological and other related issues of the aged

To generate skilled manpower focused on intervention in the family and community setting for the welfare of older persons To identify and promote support systems and networking for care of the older persons To facilitate convergence of services of Govt./Non-Govt. sectors both locally and at the national level

To generate skilled manpower focused on intervention in the family and community setting for the welfare of older persons

To identify and promote support systems and networking for care of the older persons

To facilitate convergence of services of Govt./Non-Govt. sectors both locally and at the national level

Management of old age care Preventive health care Primary prevention modification in habits Immunization (tetanus) Injury prevention Osteoporosis prevention Secondary prevention Screening Tertiary prevention Rehabilitation

Preventive health care

Primary prevention

modification in habits

Immunization (tetanus)

Injury prevention

Osteoporosis prevention

Secondary prevention

Screening

Tertiary prevention

Rehabilitation

Curative Medical Test Protocol Physiotherapy Occupational intervention Social and mental care Involvement in the mainstream of society Designating social roles and responsibilities

Curative

Medical Test Protocol

Physiotherapy

Occupational intervention

Social and mental care

Involvement in the mainstream of society

Designating social roles and responsibilities

Utilizing their experience and wisdom Combining old age homes and orphanages

Utilizing their experience and wisdom

Combining old age homes and orphanages

The first age of ‘formation’ should be a time to grow an identity before the consuming busyness. Properly balanced, the Second age is the time of one’s major contribution, to work or home or community. The third age is the opportunity to be someone different, if we want to be. Charles Handy

The first age of ‘formation’ should be a time to grow an identity before the consuming busyness.

Properly balanced, the Second age is the time of one’s major contribution, to work or home or community.

The third age is the opportunity to be someone different, if we want to be.

Charles Handy

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