elastic properties of solids

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Information about elastic properties of solids
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Published on February 25, 2014

Author: prasetyothomas

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-Elastic Properties of Solids AP Physics C Mrs. Coyle

• Real objects are not rigid but can deform under the influence of an external force. • Remember: Hooke’s Law F=-kx

Elastic Properties of Solids • Length (Tensile Stress- Strain) • Shape (Shear Stress-Strain) • Volume (Bulk Stress-Strain)

Elasticity of Length- Characteristics • ∆L Tensile Strain= L Tensile Stress=F/A

Elasticity in Length • Tensile Stress = Y x Tensile Strain F ∆L =Y A L • Y is known as Young’s Modulus • Units of Y are N/m2

Tensile Strength Test • Tensile Strength Sample

Ex: #30 • A steel wire of diameter 1mm can support a tension of 0.2kN. A cable to support a tension of 20kN should have a diameter of what order of magnitude? • Ans: 1cm

Elasticity in Shape - Shear Stress= F / A

Example: Shear Stress http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/earthquake/fema74/chapter2_2.shtm

http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/earthquake/fema74/chapter2_2.shtm

Shear Stress and Shear Strain F ∆x =S A h S is the Shear Modulus, Unit : N/m 2

Ex: #33 If the shear stress in steel exceeds 4.00x108 N/m2 the steel ruptures. a)Determine the shearing force necessary to shear a steel bolt 1.00cm in diameter. Ans: a) 3.14x104 N

Ex: #33 cont’d b)Determine the shearing force necessary punch a 1.00cm diameter hole in a steel plate 0.500cm thick. Ans: b) 6.28x104 N

Elasticity in Volume ∆F ∆V = −B A V B is the Bulk Modulus Unit: N/m2

• Note that ΔF/A is pressure.

Ex:#35 When water freezes, it expands by about 9%. What pressure increase would occur inside your automobile engine block if the water in it froze? (The bulk modulus of ice is 2.00x109 N/m2 ) Ans: 1.65 x 108 N/m2

Explaining the inertia ball tensions.

• How is ΔL affected when you have two same springs in series or in parallel pulled by the same force?

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