Published on March 30, 2014
EL GRECO (1541 – 1614) 400 YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH David Oistrakh: M.de Falla-Spanish Dance Author: Beatrice V
El Greco, born Doménikos Theotokópoulos andsculptor), was a painter,1614April7–1541( . "El Greco"Spanish Renaissanceof thearchitect (The Greek) was a nickname,a reference to his origin, and the artist normallyGreeknational signed his paintings with his full birth name in Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος,Greek letters (Doménikos Theotokópoulos), often adding the ").Cretan, "KrēsΚρής (word
, which was at that time partCreteEl Greco was born in -Post, and the center ofRepublic of Veniceof the . He trained and became a master withinByzantine art , asVeniceto26that tradition before travelling at age other Greek artists had done. In 1570 he moved to Rome, where he opened a workshop and executed a series of works. During his stay in Italy, El Greco and ofMannerismenriched his style with elements of , he moved to1577. InVenetian Renaissancethe , where he lived and worked until hisToledo, Spain death. In Toledo, El Greco received several major commissions and produced his best-known paintings.