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Egmont – Royal Institute For International Relations,

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Information about Egmont – Royal Institute For International Relations,

Published on December 9, 2008

Author: EPetrilli

Source: slideshare.net

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EGMONT – Royal Institute for International Relations, Belgium Central Africa Program Koen Vlassenroot, Steven Van Bockstael

Conflict Diamonds: the Kimberley Process as an international, multistakeholder response. Weak internal controls in artisanal diamond producing countries (eg. Ghana) threaten integrity and effectivity of the KPCS Moscow Declaration 2005, creation of WGAAP Belgian FPS FA commissioned EGMONT to study these dynamics

Conflict Diamonds: the Kimberley Process as an international, multistakeholder response.

Weak internal controls in artisanal diamond producing countries (eg. Ghana) threaten integrity and effectivity of the KPCS

Moscow Declaration 2005, creation of WGAAP

Belgian FPS FA commissioned EGMONT to study these dynamics

Two objectives: Strengthen KPCS integrity by improving control over informal extraction and trade Improve social and economic situation of artisanal diamond diggers, miners; encourage positive role of ASM in driving rural development Cooperation with WGAAP, CASM Strenght in combination:two desired outcomes, one set of measures

Two objectives:

Strengthen KPCS integrity by improving control over informal extraction and trade

Improve social and economic situation of artisanal diamond diggers, miners; encourage positive role of ASM in driving rural development

Cooperation with WGAAP, CASM

Strenght in combination:two desired outcomes, one set of measures

Research project Existing literature Newly commissioned field research Three phases General research Critical review of past diamond development programs Validation, conclusions

Research project

Existing literature

Newly commissioned field research

Three phases

General research

Critical review of past diamond development programs

Validation, conclusions

Current status Research completed Validation workshop held in Pretoria, 15-16 Sept 08 Drafting publication Official presentation at KP Plenary, New Delhi (3 november 08), by Belgian FA minister

Current status

Research completed

Validation workshop held in Pretoria, 15-16 Sept 08

Drafting publication

Official presentation at KP Plenary, New Delhi (3 november 08), by Belgian FA minister

Research includes: Geological analysis of transborder mining, case study Berbérati-Yokadouma-Enyele (CAR, RCongo, Cameroun) Anthropological study on how this affects communities. The bana Lunda: Congolese artisans in Angola during civil war

Research includes:

Geological analysis of transborder mining, case study Berbérati-Yokadouma-Enyele (CAR, RCongo, Cameroun)

Anthropological study on how this affects communities. The bana Lunda: Congolese artisans in Angola during civil war

State capacity in Africa: key governance issues, challenges, approaches: Monitoring mining and trading Formalising the sector Establishing internal controls (KP) Study on cooperatives in Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana Key factors driving coop development, organization and structure, services Lessons for African cooperative development?

State capacity in Africa: key governance issues, challenges, approaches:

Monitoring mining and trading

Formalising the sector

Establishing internal controls (KP)

Study on cooperatives in Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana

Key factors driving coop development, organization and structure, services

Lessons for African cooperative development?

Significant wage differences between African/Latin-American diggers Why? Examination of value-chain, price mark-ups as diamonds travel their paths Diamonds in Mbuji-Mayi (DRC), attention for grass-roots initiatives Ghanaian diamond industry: GCD cooperation with galamsey , smuggling of Ivorian conflict diamonds. Interventions in the artisanal diamond secor PDA/IDMP, Sierra Leone D4D, Liberia

Significant wage differences between African/Latin-American diggers

Why? Examination of value-chain, price mark-ups as diamonds travel their paths

Diamonds in Mbuji-Mayi (DRC), attention for grass-roots initiatives

Ghanaian diamond industry: GCD cooperation with galamsey , smuggling of Ivorian conflict diamonds.

Interventions in the artisanal diamond secor

PDA/IDMP, Sierra Leone

D4D, Liberia

KP Moscow Declaration, 2005 Recommendations Ensuring traceability of production from mine to export Regulating artisanal mining Regulating the trade in artisanal mining Tackling illicit cross-border trade Encouraging artisans to move into the formal economy

KP Moscow Declaration, 2005 Recommendations

Ensuring traceability of production from mine to export

Regulating artisanal mining

Regulating the trade in artisanal mining

Tackling illicit cross-border trade

Encouraging artisans to move into the formal economy

Contribution of Egmont to the KPCS and artisanal diamond mining Support to the WGAAP in implementing Moscow Recommendations Case studies of different strategies Evaluation of past interventions Lessons learned, reflecting in improved and more balanced recommendations Positive effect of KP requirements on ASM communities Formalization can lead to retaining more money inside the country, stimulating development Improves social/eco capital of mining communities, reducing vulnerability to exploitation

Contribution of Egmont to the KPCS and artisanal diamond mining

Support to the WGAAP in implementing Moscow Recommendations

Case studies of different strategies

Evaluation of past interventions

Lessons learned, reflecting in improved and more balanced recommendations

Positive effect of KP requirements on ASM communities

Formalization can lead to retaining more money inside the country, stimulating development

Improves social/eco capital of mining communities, reducing vulnerability to exploitation

Contact: Steven Van Bockstael [email_address]

Contact:

Steven Van Bockstael

[email_address]

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