Published on March 11, 2014
Effective Management on Safety, Security and Environmental Protection at Sea
Supervisor – Capt. Myint Oo Visiting Lecturer Uniteam Marine Training Centre Our group includes NS-2 Aung Thiha Lin NS-3 Hein Phyo Aung NS-10 Aung San Win NS-22 Kaung Kyaw Htet NS-50 Thet Naing Aung
Aim and Objectives The main motive for doing this project on the three topics mentioned above is to specify and analyze the Inevitable every seaman; fresh man or veteran; must face everyday at sea and, of course, to bear in mind “Safe, Secure and Clean Sea ”
Safety Management • Nature of safety management -means managing the ship freedom from danger • Commercialization is challenging our safety -frequent conflicts between commercial efficiency and safety • Responsibilities of crew -everybody onboard is their own safety officer
RMS Titanic scarified for better watertight bulkheads, lifeboats for all, lifeboat drills, boat crew training, wireless installation on all passenger ships and 24 hour wireless watch keeping. The Evolution of Safety At Sea
• Navigation -to utilize all available information an navigational aid s to ensure a safe passage. -monitoring and double-checking of every step in the progress Safety of ship
Heavy weather • Heavy weather -how to prepare, alleviate and overcome -aware of GM
• prevention is utmost importance • fire drills Fire
- everybody should look after his own health and fitness -personal cleanliness -sensible diet -adequate sleep during rest periods -avoidance of alcohol Health and Hygiene
Medication • First aid for minor injuries and health problems • Radio medical advices for serious injury • Arrangements for medical treatment ashore
Working aloft and overside • Planned and carried in safer ways • Warning notice
Entry into enclosed spaces • “Permit-to-work” system • Space tested and secured for entry • Appropriate working dress • Rescuer cautious for his own safety
Life Saving Appliances
Personal Protective Equipments
• Duties of Chief Officer and Junior Officers • the supervision of loading and discharging Safety of Cargo
Training for Safety • to provide qualified seamen and assistance to them
ISM Code • to help Shipping Companies develop the Safety Management System • is mandatory and provides minimum requirements
Security • The state of a shipping company/ vessel/ crew/ port, being or feeling secure; or • The safety of these against terrorism, piracy, and other criminal activities.
Security levels • Level 1, normal • Level 2, heightened • Level 3, exceptional
Security Officers • SSO; security of the ship; implementation and maintenance of SSP • CSO; carry out SSA and develop SSP • PFSO; development, implementation, revision and maintenance of PFSP
Ship Security Assessment (SSA) • essential and integral part of developing and updating SSP • be documented, reviewed, retained, and accepted by the company
Ship Security Plan (SSP) • to solve all security issues • Guidance for CSO and SSO • protected from unauthorized access • kept in an electronic format
Security Equipments • Locks • Lightings • Metal Detectors • General Alarms, etc
Ship Security Alert System
Security Actions and Responses • Breach Security • Stowaway • Pilferers
Security Actions and Responses • Hijacking • Bomb Threats • Unidentified objects and explosives
Case Study •
Environmental Protection Pollution -air, water and soil pollution as the consequences of human activities
Maritime Pollution • entry of harmful substances into the sea • some sources are land based
Pathway of Pollution • direct discharge of waste into the oceans • runoff into the waters due to rain • pollutants that are released from the atmosphere
Pollution from Ship
General Principles: • No refuse in the sea • No oil or fuel discharge • Do not discharge a sea toilet where it will affect water quality or harm amenity value • Keep toxic chemicals out of the marine environment • Avoid disturbing birds and marine life • Take care when anchoring to avoid vulnerable sea beds such as soft coral
MARPOL 73/78 • International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships,1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978. • To minimize pollution of seas • 136 countries are parties • Contains 6 annexes
Annex I - Oil • Control of discharge of oil or oily mixtures • Construction and equipments requirements from all ships and oil tankers
Oil Record Book • Accurate • Signed by person in charge of operation • Available for inspection
Annex II - NoxiousLiquid Substances carriedinBulk • categorization,survey and certification • emergency plan, cargo record book Annex III - Harmful Substances carried in Packaged Form • packing, marking and labeling and stowage • documentations,limitationsand requirements
• sewagesystems • certification • dischargeof sewage Annex IV - Sewage
Annex V – Garbage • Disposal of Garbage • Special areas • Garbage record book
Annex VI - Air Pollution • fuel oil quality, engine power output and polluter • SOx and NOx control units
Ballast water management • to minimize transfer of aquatic species • safety aspects of BW exchange at sea • ballast record book, forms and checklists
Bunkering Management • Bunkering plan • fuel requirement for intended voyage • non mixing fuel and transfer • checklists
Thank you for your Time and Attention
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