Published on February 27, 2014
EDUC 1728: Culture in ESL American Culture & Language Institute, TESOL Certificate Program Northern Virginia Community College www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Overview • • • • • What is Culture? Surface Culture vs. Deep Culture Classroom Culture Culture Shock American Culture www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Why is Cross-Cultural Communication Important? We tend to believe that we are the “normal” ones and the people in the other country are going to be the “strange” ones. When you go overseas, you realize that people see the world, themselves, and others in fundamentally different ways. - Peace Corps Volunteer www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Ethnocentrism • The view that one’s own assumptions, values, & beliefs are normal, while those of the other culture are odd or wrong. • Taken to extremes, it can result in prejudice. • Ethnocentrism is a major challenge to classroom harmony. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Teacher I am… Cook American Me Sibling Child www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Who are you? • Which cultures are you a member of? – Gender, nationality, ethnicity, occupation, hobby, etc. • Complete a word web identifying 4-5 of your cultural memberships. • Compare your word web with someone from another culture. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Cultural Identities • Discuss the following with a partner. – How did your cultural identities differ? – Did your partner express surprise at a cultural identity you selected? – Are there any stereotypes that could describe one of your cultural identities? www.nvcc.edu/workforce
What is Culture? • Individually complete the “What is Culture?” worksheet. – – – – What does culture mean to you? What words could you use to define culture? What are examples from your culture? Discuss your results with someone who isn’t from your culture. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Culture is… • Collective: It is shared by a group of people. • Learned: It is transmitted from generation to generation. • Unconscious: It guides behavior and view of “others” through unspoken rules. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Levels of Culture Surface Culture Deep Culture Actions How You Dress What You Say How You Act What You Think How You Feel How You Judge Level of Awareness Spoken Rules Unspoken Rules www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Culture is… www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Digging Deep! • Many of our cultural beliefs are unconscious. • Individually complete the Digging Deep! worksheet. • Compare your answers with someone who is not from your culture. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Debrief • Did your deep cultural beliefs – Differ greatly from others? – You were proud of sharing with others? – You were uncomfortable sharing with others? www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Collectivism vs. Individualism • Collectivist: - Focus on social relationships = sharing. - Promotes negotiation and a sense of unity. • Individualistic: - Focus on personal achievement = competition. - Promotes independence and a sense of self worth. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Classroom Applications • Working across cultures can be challenging. • Discuss the strengths from each culture • Provide a variety of class activities to utilize many cultures! www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Classroom Applications • Discuss the following classroom activities. Which culture do they utilize? - Find Someone Who… - Journal writing - Oral presentations - Debates - Think, Pair, Share - Skimming/Scanning www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Classroom Applications • Encourage students to share items representative of their cultures. – Food – organize a Pot Luck – Literature, Music, or Movies – teach others about cultural norms www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Classroom Culture • How can I… – Foster an ideal classroom culture? – Identify which classroom culture my students are used to? – Create a cohesive culture in a heterogeneous classroom? www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Classroom Culture • Ask your students! - What kinds of activities help you learn? - What kinds of activities do you enjoy? - Do you like to work in… A. Pairs • B. Small Groups C. Alone Have students create a set of class rules for both students & the teacher. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Culture Shock www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Symptoms of Culture Shock Homesickness/ sadness • Boredom • Withdrawal • • Irritability • • Rejecting host country & stereotyping Excessive sleep www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Avoiding Culture Shock • Share your feelings with others • Become involved in campus or community activities • Develop a support system & ask others for help. • Keep your sense of humor – esp. when speaking! www.nvcc.edu/workforce
American Culture • It’s so broad… What do I teach? – – – – – – Traditional American Values & Beliefs Diversity Government & Politics Education Leisure Time Popular Culture www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Put it into Practice • • • • Choose a general theme about American culture. Choose a skill to focus the instruction (speaking, listening, reading, or writing) Consider which culture(s) (Individualistic or Collectivist) your students are members of. Create and teach a 10 minute mini lesson teaching American culture. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Reflection • In pairs, discuss… – What you’ve learned about yourself in this workshop. – What you’ve learned about others in this workshop. – Culture-based activities you might use in your teaching. www.nvcc.edu/workforce
Useful Links • Oregon State University, Culture Shock – http://oregonstate.edu/international/atosu/resources/a djustment • Cultural Awareness Activities – www.ehow.com/info_7814411_youth-activitiesbuilding-cultural-awareness.html • San Diego State University, diversity – http://go.sdsu.edu/student_affairs/diversity.aspx • Bringham Young University, diversity – http://education.byu.edu/diversity/activities.html www.nvcc.edu/workforce
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