Published on March 6, 2014
INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY SESSION 6 ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY & AUGMENTATIVE COMMUNICATION IPAD
Agenda AT iPad Project questions
Lauren Costa’s Presentation
Assistive Technology in a Severe Special Education Classroom LAUREN COSTA, M.ED, LICSW
Definition of Assistive Technology “Assistive technology device means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability. The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of that device.” Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Types of Assistive Technology Used Positioning and Mobility Communication Sensory Integration Leisure/Access to the Environment Reading Writing
Assistive Technology – Positioning and Mobility Orthotics Wheelchairs Walkers & Gait Trainers Standers Bathroom Chairs Recreational Seating
Orthotics Orthosis: a brace that supports any part of the body through any of the following means: Helps eliminate pain or further injury through immobilization Supports non-functional parts of the body Controls the motion of a functional body part Common Orthotics AFO Body Jacket
“AFO” Picture & Information Provided by: http://www.eagleorthopaedics.com/ortho.html
“Body Jacket” TLSO Brace – Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Orthosis Commonly used with children who have curvature in the spine Halts progression of scoliosis by correcting posture by supporting the shoulders, back and abdomen Picture Provided by: http://reflectionsonthejourneyhome.blogspot.com/2009_06_01_archive.html
Wheelchairs Promotion of Independence Things to consider: Classroom layout Safety navigating classroom & hallway Picture Provided by: http://wheelchairassistance.com/power-wheelchair/head-controlled-power-wheelchair.php
Walkers & Gait Trainers Walkers Individualized support Child uses legs to hold their weight Gait Trainers Equipment holds child’s weight so that child may use legs Opportunity to move using feet Seat, harness & accessory supports Picture Provided By: http://tadpoleadaptive.com/rifton-pacer-medium.html
Standers Academic Benefits Access materials Social Benefits Same level as peers Physical Benefits Strong bones Increased flexibility Decreases tension & constipation Improves breathing & digestion Picture and Information Provided by: http://tadpoleadaptive.com/standers.html
Toileting Systems Things to consider: Storage Increased time for toileting needs Privacy Concerns Picture Provided by: http://tadpoleadaptive.com/rifton-small-toilet-system-2.html
Assistive Technology – Communication Aids Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) AAC Devices & Methodologies Communication Aids – Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Dynamic Displays Auditory Scanning Facilitated Communication
Definition of Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) “Methods of communication other than oral speech that enhance or replace conventional forms of expressive and receptive communication to facilitate interaction by and with persons with disabilities who are nonverbal or have limited speech” MA Educator Licensure and Preparation Program
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Developed in 1985 by Andrew S. Bondy, Ph.D. & Lori Frost, M.S., CCC/SLP Intervention for individuals with autism and related developmental disabilities Created for families, resident care providers & educators so that it may be used in a range of settings Based on B.F. Skinner’s book, Verbal Behavior Utilizes prompting & reinforcement strategies Encourages independent communication
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) The Base Elements of PECS Functional Activities Skills & activities that lead to independence Powerful Reinforcers Powerful motivation that drives learning Functional Communications Skills that are useful now & in the future Contextually Inappropriate Behaviors Focus on functionally equivalent alternative behaviors
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Six Phases of PECS How to Communicate Goal: Approach people to initiate communication Teach 3 Step Sequence: Pick up, reach, release One picture at a time (no discrimination) Video: http ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZP48lxnNdHM
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Six Phases of PECS 2. Distance & Persistance Communication Partner moves away from student One picture taught Variety of people, activities, locations, reinforcers involved Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tr3lQXNEcps
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Six Phases of PECS 3. Picture Discrimination 3a.Motivation to use correct picture = getting desired item & avoiding undesired item Reinforce at first indication of choice 3b. Equally reinforcing items with correspondence checks
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Six Phases of PECS 4.Building Sentences “I want” + reinforcer picture put on sentence strip Entire strip given to communication partner
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Six Phases of PECS 5. Answering “What do you want?” Leads to commenting Maintain spontaneity
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Six Phases of PECS 6. Commenting Answering “comment” questions: “What do you see/have/hear/fee?” Discriminating between commenting and requesting Maintain spontaneity
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Research-based Benefits Facilitates acquisition of speech Increases social skills during play Improvements in behavior management concerns Can be used with peers & siblings System can be implemented in schools and other environments
Dynamic Displays User selects from an array of categories of pictures for the communication of messages, ideas, wishes, comments, needs, etc. Touch screens allow user to access a large amount of vocabulary in one device Voice output available Unlike PECS, the user communicates through display rather than exchange
Dynamic Displays - GoTalk Determine communication needs, create sheets & record messages Helpful for students with limited fine motor skills
Dynamic Displays - DynaVox
Two Successful DynaVox Users Sara Pyszka http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VlC8G5nNE7k Augie Nieto http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gDKFNqrmtZ4
Auditory Scanning Form of dynamic display Provides an oral choice from which the communicator can select a topic, letter, etc. Used for those who cannot access tangible symbols, pictures, or a voice output communication device Picture Provided By: http://mashley.net/blog.php?readpost=10
Assisted Auditory Scanning Video of Partner Assisted Auditory Scanning http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pLb6-Oi3uR0
PROJEC T Eye Gaze Boards ∗ INDIVIDUAL INDICATES SYMBOL THEY WANT USING “EYE POINTING” ∗ A COMMUNICATION PARTNER WATCHES AND INTERPRETS DATE DAT E NAM E ∗ A HOLE OR CLEAR BOARD ALLOWS THE COMMUNICATION PARTNER TO WATCH THE INDIVIDUAL’S EYES CLIENT
Communication Needs Assessments Da te Locatio n Communicatio Communication n Partner Breakdown Resolved? How?
Communication Needs Assessments Questions to Ask How frequently is the breakdown occurring? Who, What, Where, When, Why? How can we help the individual communicate? Are there systems already in place that we can add to?
How To Create Communication Aids 1. Determine the vocabulary needed to engage in communication exchange (activity, lesson, social situation, etc.) 2. Simplify vocabulary as needed 3. Provide visual supports as needed 4. Introduce, review, and practice new vocabulary in context
Facilitated Communication (FC) / Supported Typing Individual uses pointing (pictures, letters, objects) or typing (keyboard) to express him/herself Involved communication partner for emotional encouragement, behavior support, and physical support to assist individual in developing independence Video of Tim Chan http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=279h9QJ9ptw
Assistive Technology – Sensory Integration Providing students with the opportunity to experience the world in a new way Therapy balls Squishy items (dog toys) Stretches Video about Multisensory Room & Therapeutic Listening http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Ip_ezmqfGo&feature=related
Assistive Technology – Leisure/Access to the Environment Switches Video about Switch Use http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0CVVnw2s94&feature=related Picture Provided By: http://www.thesensorycompany.co.uk/catalog/ProductDetails.aspx?
Resources PECS Website: http://www.pecs.com/ DynaVox Website: http://www.dynavoxtech.com/default.aspx?s_kwcid=TC|161 S|e|15960397510&gclid=CKvnu-OrgLECFUITNAodITS-Aw Syracuse University – Supported Typing: http://soe.syr.edu/centers_institutes/institute_communicatio
Resources Continued Article about Therapy Balls: http:// life.gaiam.com/article/how-sitting-ball-helps-kids-focus-a
Practice Create a powerpoint or keynote presentation - on any topic, just for fun. Save and upload to slideshare & post on ning Save and upload to Google docs Try a little Prezi
Podcasting How To Podcasting 101 What is podcasting How to subscribe Podcasting 102 Recording your own show Podcasting 103 Recording a Skype conversation
iPad - a game changer FreeTech4Teachers Steve Jobs & Apps for Autism 60 Minutes Links iPodsibilities Teaching Learners with Special Needs Free Speech app
iPad a blog post how iPad is used in a special education classroom A Blog Post listing many apps Apps Store has Special Education section and our friend Cybrary man’s list A handout for using iPad in the Special Education Classroom
More on the iPad Live Binders on iPad in Schools - a tremendous amount of material Mr. G Blog iPads, Web tools, math education a CNN report App Smackdown iPad Apps in School great site by Richard Byrne
Even more on the iPad ipads in the classroom - Kathy Schrock Moms with apps blog Smart Apps for Kids my Pinterest board on iPad iPodsibilities blog, apps review, resources
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