Published on February 27, 2014
INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY SESSION 5 ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY & AUGMENTATIVE COMMUNICATION PRESENTATION TOOLS
Agenda AT iPad Project ideas Presentation Tools Keynote/Powerpoint Slideshare Google Docs - presentation Prezi
Universal Design for Learning UDL based on neuroscience each principle connects to key area of brain Multiple Means of Representation To increase recognition How a teacher prepares
UDL Multiple Means of Expression To expand strategic output Teacher plans for how students will express learning Multiple Means of Engagement To enhance involvement in learning How do we get students connected?
Assistive Technology Like RTI Technology has levels too Level 1 - For everyone Level 2 - Greater access Level 3 - Assistive support
AT Allows manipulation and control of format Offers alternatives for access Supports multi-sensory instruction Supports greater personal independence Educational technology & assistive technology are a continuum of access to learning.
Accessible Instructional Materials AIM Students have a right to the same text Publishers are supposed to produce digital forms CAST has a center for AIM
Important Questions... What does the student need to do to participate in the classroom and achieve his/her IEP goals? What specifically is the student having difficulty with? What else has been tried? What will be the the criteria for determining the student’s success? Who will be responsible for training, monitoring, documenting, and reviewing the AT plan?
AT All students with a 504 or an IEP are eligible Assistive Technology has to be considered Not all qualify IEP is written first, then look at questions
SETT Framework S - Student First E - Environment T - Task T - Tool Joy Zabala - SETT Framework
the Student What does the student need to do? What are the student’s special needs? What are the student’s current abilities?
Environment What materials and equipment are currently available in the environment? What is the physical arrangement? What is the instructional arrangement? Are there likely to be changes? Color is a powerful tool
Task What activities take place in the environment? What are the critical elements of the activities? How might technology support the student’s active participation in those activities?
Tools FINAL step What no tech, low tech, and high tech options should be considered when developing a system for a student with these needs and abilities doing these tasks in these environments? What strategies might be used to invite increased student performance? How might these tools be tried out with the student in the environment?
TechAccess Fact Sheets - wonderful resource sheets on Assistive Technology and Augmentative Communication
Lauren Costa’s Presentation
Assistive Technology in a Severe Special Education Classroom Lauren Costa, M.Ed, LICSW
Definition of Assistive Technology ∗ “Assistive technology device means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability. The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of that device.” ∗ Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Types of Assistive Technology Used ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Positioning and Mobility Communication Sensory Integration Leisure/Access to the Environment Reading Writing
Assistive Technology – Positioning and Mobility ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Orthotics Wheelchairs Walkers & Gait Trainers Standers Bathroom Chairs Recreational Seating
Orthotics ∗ Orthosis: a brace that supports any part of the body through any of the following means: ∗ Helps eliminate pain or further injury through immobilization ∗ Supports non-functional parts of the body ∗ Controls the motion of a functional body part ∗ Common Orthotics ∗ AFO ∗ Body Jacket
“AFO” ∗ Ankle Foot Orthosis ∗ Controls the movement of the foot and ankle ∗ Commonly used for children with Cerebral Palsy and Muscular Dystrophy ∗ May be used to maintain a ∗ Picture & Information Provided by: http://www.eagleorthopaedics.com/ortho.htmlgood position of the foot while seated or to create a smoother gait pattern
“Body Jacket” ∗ TLSO Brace – Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Orthosis ∗ Commonly used with children who have curvature in the spine ∗ Halts progression of scoliosis by correcting posture by supporting the shoulders, back and abdomen ∗ Picture Provided by: http://reflectionsonthejourneyhome.blogspot.com/
Wheelchairs ∗ Promotion of Independence ∗ Things to consider: ∗ Classroom layout ∗ Safety navigating classroom & hallway ∗ Picture Provided by: http://wheelchairassistance.com/power-wheelchair/
Walkers & Gait Trainers ∗ Walkers ∗ Individualized support ∗ Child uses legs to hold their weight ∗ Gait Trainers ∗ ∗ Equipment holds child’s weight so that child may use legs ∗ Opportunity to move using feet ∗ Seat, harness & accessory supports Picture Provided By: http://tadpoleadaptive.com/rifton-pacer-medium.html
Standers ∗ Academic Benefits ∗ Access materials ∗ Same level as peers ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Strong bones Increased flexibility Decreases tension & constipation Improves breathing & digestion ∗ Social Benefits ∗ Physical Benefits ∗ Picture and Information Provided by: http:// tadpoleadaptive.com/standers.html
Toileting Systems ∗ Things to consider: ∗ Storage ∗ Increased time for toileting needs ∗ Privacy Concerns ∗ Picture Provided by: http://tadpoleadaptive.com/rifton-small-toilet-system-2.html
Recreational Seating ∗ Commonly used for Leisure Activities ∗ Things to consider: ∗Independence Level ∗Age Appropriateness ∗ Picture Provided by: http://tadpoleadaptive.com/special-tomato-mps-push-chair-kit-small-1.html
Assistive Technology – Communication Aids ∗ Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) ∗ AAC Devices & Methodologies ∗ Communication Aids – Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Dynamic Displays ∗ Auditory Scanning ∗ Facilitated Communication
Definition of Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) ∗ “Methods of communication other than oral speech that enhance or replace conventional forms of expressive and receptive communication to facilitate interaction by and with persons with disabilities who are nonverbal or have limited speech” ∗ MA Educator Licensure and Preparation Program
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Developed in 1985 by Andrew S. Bondy, Ph.D. & Lori Frost, M.S., CCC/SLP ∗ Intervention for individuals with autism and related developmental disabilities ∗ Created for families, resident care providers & educators so that it may be used in a range of settings ∗ Based on B.F. Skinner’s book, Verbal Behavior ∗ Utilizes prompting & reinforcement strategies ∗ Encourages independent communication
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ The Base Elements of PECS ∗ Functional Activities ∗ Skills & activities that lead to independence ∗ Powerful Reinforcers ∗ Powerful motivation that drives learning ∗ Functional Communications ∗ Skills that are useful now & in the future ∗ Contextually Inappropriate Behaviors ∗ Focus on functionally equivalent alternative behaviors
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Six Phases of PECS 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. How to Communicate Goal: Approach people to initiate communication Teach 3 Step Sequence: Pick up, reach, release One picture at a time (no discrimination) Video: http ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZP48lxnNdHM
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Six Phases of PECS ∗ 2. Distance & Persistance ∗ Communication Partner moves away from student ∗ One picture taught ∗ Variety of people, activities, locations, reinforcers involved ∗ Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tr3l
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Six Phases of PECS ∗ 3. Picture Discrimination ∗ 3a.Motivation to use correct picture = getting desired item & avoiding undesired item ∗ Reinforce at first indication of choice ∗ 3b. Equally reinforcing items with correspondence checks
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Six Phases of PECS ∗ 4.Building Sentences ∗ “I want” + reinforcer picture put on sentence strip ∗ Entire strip given to communication partner
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Six Phases of PECS ∗ 5. Answering “What do you want?” ∗ Leads to commenting ∗ Maintain spontaneity
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Six Phases of PECS ∗ 6. Commenting ∗ Answering “comment” questions: “What do you see/have/hear/fee?” ∗ Discriminating between commenting and requesting ∗ Maintain spontaneity
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Research-based Benefits ∗ Facilitates acquisition of speech ∗ Increases social skills during play ∗ Improvements in behavior management concerns ∗ Can be used with peers & siblings ∗ System can be implemented in schools and other environments
Dynamic Displays ∗ User selects from an array of categories of pictures for the communication of messages, ideas, wishes, comments, needs, etc. ∗ Touch screens allow user to access a large amount of vocabulary in one device ∗ Voice output available ∗ Unlike PECS, the user communicates through display rather than exchange
Dynamic Displays - GoTalk ∗ Determine communication needs, create sheets & record messages ∗ Helpful for students with limited fine motor skills
Dynamic Displays - DynaVox
Two Successful DynaVox Users ∗ Sara Pyszka ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VlC8G5nNE7k ∗ Augie Nieto ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gDKFNqrmtZ4
Auditory Scanning ∗ Form of dynamic display ∗ Provides an oral choice from which the communicator can select a topic, letter, etc. ∗ Used for those who cannot access tangible symbols, pictures, or a voice output communication device ∗ Picture Provided By: http://mashley.net/blog.php?readpost=10
Assisted Auditory Scanning ∗ Video of Partner Assisted Auditory Scanning ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pLb6-Oi3uR0
Eye Gaze Boards ∗ Individual indicates symbol they want using “eye pointing” ∗ A communication partner watches and interprets ∗ A hole or clear board allows the communication partner to watch the individual’s eyes
Communication Needs Assessments Da te Locatio n Communicatio Communication n Partner Breakdown Resolved? How?
Communication Needs Assessments ∗ Questions to Ask ∗ How frequently is the breakdown occurring? ∗ Who, What, Where, When, Why? ∗ How can we help the individual communicate? Are there systems already in place that we can add to?
How To Create Communication Aids ∗ 1. Determine the vocabulary needed to engage in communication exchange (activity, lesson, social situation, etc.) ∗ 2. Simplify vocabulary as needed ∗ 3. Provide visual supports as needed ∗ 4. Introduce, review, and practice new vocabulary in context
Facilitated Communication (FC) / Supported Typing ∗ Individual uses pointing (pictures, letters, objects) or typing (keyboard) to express him/herself ∗ Involved communication partner for emotional encouragement, behavior support, and physical support to assist individual in developing independence ∗ Video of Tim Chan ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=279h9QJ9ptw
Assistive Technology – Sensory Integration ∗ Providing students with the opportunity to experience the world in a new way ∗ Therapy balls ∗ Squishy items (dog toys) ∗ Stretches ∗ Video about Multisensory Room & Therapeutic Listening ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Ip_ezmqfGo&feature=related
Assistive Technology – Leisure/Access to the Environment ∗Switches ∗Video about Switch Use ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0CVVnw2s94&feature=related ∗ Picture Provided By: http://www.thesensorycompany.co.uk/catalog/ProductDetails.aspx?productID=64
Assistive Technology - Reading ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Environmental Print Materials Edmark Reading Program Power Point Books Boardmaker Materials Scanning Board Place Holders ∗ Picture Provided By: http://www.donjohnston.com/products/edmark/index.html
Assistive Technology - Writing ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ Pencil Grips Magnetic letters Graphic Organizers Enlarged Key Boards Paper holder Small White boards ∗ Picture Provided By: http://frontporchphotography.com/services/page-ups/
Resources ∗ PECS Website: http://www.pecs.com/ ∗ DynaVox Website: http://www.dynavoxtech.com/default.aspx?s_kwcid=TC|16134| S|e|15960397510&gclid=CKvnu-OrgLECFUITNAodITS-Aw ∗ Syracuse University – Supported Typing: http://soe.syr.edu/centers_institutes/institute_communication_
Resources Continued ∗ Article about Therapy Balls: http:// life.gaiam.com/article/how-sitting-ball-helps-kids-focus-and-do-
The DESE The Department of Elementary and Secondary Education has awesome links to information, resources and grants. Includes: CAST - Center for Applied Special Technology Easter Seals - allows teachers to try out technology
Mass Match MassMatch - initiative to get assistive technology to people who need it FREE to borrow from ATRC Assistive Technology Regional Centers.
National Center to Improve Practice in Special Education NCIP - through technology, media and materials
Accessibility in the Classroom Accessibility features in Microsoft products Includes tutorials
UDL Toolkit UDL toolkit wiki Please spend some time looking at the resources: graphic organizers literacy study skills math writing
National Center on UDL National Center Examples & Resources Every principle is linked to resources & tools
Investigation Please take about 30 minutes to investigate all the resources. Be sure to bookmark Diigo any site you want to return to. I’ll briefly meet with folks individually on final presentation topic.
Powerpoint or Keynote Present information Very easy to use Presentation Advice - please be sure to read this blog post Keynote - tutorials Powerpoint Activities Parade of Games in Powerpoint Powerpoint Templates for Teachers
Slideshare share your powerpoint or keynote online easily embed presentation into blog or website An example - 7th Pre-Algebra Go to www.slideshare.net Create an account upload your powerpoint or keynote presentation public unless you upgrade
more slideshare when you have uploaded to slideshare get embed code create a new blog post on ning and paste embed code I’ll help!
Google Presentation Create on Google or upload a powerpoint (no keynote) limited bells and whistles need internet connection can publish and have viewers join in Great for collaboration Upload your presentation
Prezi Dynamic presentation Ability to share online Slick Go to Prezi try it out The Ultimate Guide to Prezi
Practice Create a powerpoint or keynote presentation - on any topic, just for fun. Save and upload to slideshare & post on ning Save and upload to Google docs Try a little Prezi
Math Resources Math Lessons for the Smartboard A Collection of math lessons Mr. Vizza Tom Reardon - smart and TI resources
Podcasting Legal Guide Podcasting Booklet PodOmatic make free podcasts Check out iTunes U for podcasts
Podcasting How To Podcasting 101 What is podcasting How to subscribe Podcasting 102 Recording your own show Podcasting 103 Recording a Skype conversation
iPad - a game changer FreeTech4Teachers Steve Jobs & Apps for Autism 60 Minutes Links iPodsibilities Teaching Learners with Special Needs Free Speech app
iPad a blog post how iPad is used in a special education classroom A Blog Post listing many apps Apps Store has Special Education section and our friend Cybrary man’s list A handout for using iPad in the Special Education Classroom
More on the iPad Live Binders on iPad in Schools - a tremendous amount of material Mr. G Blog iPads, Web tools, math education a CNN report App Smackdown iPad Apps in School great site by Richard Byrne
Even more on the iPad ipads in the classroom - Kathy Schrock Moms with apps blog Smart Apps for Kids my Pinterest board on iPad iPodsibilities blog, apps review, resources
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