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Information about Edinburgh

Published on February 4, 2014

Author: Eugiealex

Source: slideshare.net


A brief introduction into Scotland and its capital Edinburgh

Scotland is part of Great Britain to the north of England. Scotland is a mountainous country washed by the North Sea in the east and the Atlantic Ocean in the west. North Sea Atlantic Ocean Edinburgh Its capital city is Edinburgh. Scotland has 790 islands but only 130 are inhabited.

Aberdeen Dundee Historically and geographically Scotland is divided into Highlands and Lowlands. Administratively Scotland consists of 32 local councils.

Symbols of Scotland The national flag of Scotland is known as the Saltire or St. Andrew's Cross. The thistle is the nation's floral emblem. Unicorn is the official animal of Scotland. It can be seen on the Royal coat of arms of Scotland. Tartan is a checked woolen cloth of different colours associated with a particular Scottish clan. The Lion Rampant of Scotland, is the Scottish Royal Banner of Arms. It is used on special occasions to represent the Monarch in Scotland when he is not present, for example at royal residences.

Scotland is Famous for.... Its fresh water lochs (lakes). One of the most famous is Loch Ness where a mysterious monster is said to live. Its medieval castles, clans, kilts, as well as poetry and songs of Robert Burns. Eeilean Donan Castle Theatre lovers from around the world come to Edinburgh for its famous festivals.

Famous People of Scotland include: Robert Burns (1759– 1796) is a national poet of Scotland. Walter Scott (1771–1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet famous for such historical novels as Ivanhoe, Rob Roy and others. Robert Louis Stevenson (1850–1894) was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, and travel writer who wrote Treasure Island (1883). Arthur Conan Doyle (1859– 1930) was a Scottish doctor and writer, most famous for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes. Sean Connery (1930) is a Scottish actor and producer best known for playing the role of James Bond between 1962 and 1983.

Like Rome, it was built on seven hills. The highest hill is called "King Arthur's Seat". Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and the second largest city in the country. The city has its own flag and coat of arms.

Every August the city hosts the Edinburgh Festival. What is it? The Edinburgh Festival is the name given to a group of 12 festivals all happening in Edinburgh during August. Among them are: •The •The •The •The •The •The •The Edinburgh Edinburgh Edinburgh Edinburgh Edinburgh Edinburgh Edinburgh International Festival Festival Fringe International Book Festival International Jazz & Blues Festival Military Tattoo International Film Festival Mela (a multi-cultural festival)

At the International Festival you can see lots of opera, theatre, ballet and classical music. The Fringe is the world's largest arts festival. There you can see everything from juggling to opera, pantomime, theatre and dance. What's more the performances are on all day and all night and take place anywhere.

The Plan of the City Centre of Edinburgh New Town Edinburgh Castle Financial District The historic centre of Edinburgh is divided into two parts by a public park called Princes Street Gardens. Old Town To the south you can see Edinburgh Castle on the top of the rock and the Old Town. To the north of Princes Street lies the New Town. To the west of the castle lies the financial district with lots of banks.

The New Town of Edinburgh is a beautiful example of good city planning. It was built between 1765 and 1850. The main road is Princes Street. The best buildings are situated along the Water of Leith, the main river flowing through Edinburgh . The Old Town has its medieval plan with narrow streets known as closes and wynds and old buildings. The main road of the Old Town of Edinburgh is the Royal Mile which connects Edinburgh Castle with the Palace of Holyroodhouse.

The main road of the Old Town is The Royal Mile. It consists of 5 streets and is over 1800 m long. Edinburgh Castle It runs from Edinburgh Castle at the top of the Castle Rock down to Holyrood Palace. Holyrood Palace

Five streets make up the Royal Mile: Castlehill Lawnmarket High Street Canongate Abbey Strand

Edinburgh Castle is the best and most well known attraction, which receives around a million visitors each year. Edinburgh Castle is atop the volcanic Castle Rock. It used to be a royal castle, a fortress, a prison and now it’s a historic monument and a museum.

Lang Stairs Entry gate View to Calton Hill Cannons lined up ready to defend Edinburgh Castle

Main Entrance Crown Square Hammocks used by prisoners in the 18th and 19th centuries Fireplace in the Great Hall

The earliest parts of the building date from the late 15th century. The Palace of Holyroodhouse is located at the bottom of Edinburgh's Royal Mile and is the official residence of HM The Queen in Scotland. The earliest parts of the building date from the late 15th century.

At a garden party at Hollyroodhouse in Edinburgh in July, 2012 The Queen stays at the Palace for a week during July. This is known as Holyrood Week, when she does some official work and has the Royal Garden Party where around 8,000 of guests are invited to take tea and cake.

The Royal Dining Room Holyroodhouse Palace Main Gate The Main Entrance to the Palace The Great Gallery

When the Queen is in residence the Royal Standard of Scotland is flown above the Palace. The Royal Standard of Scotland When she is not in residence the Lion Rampant of Scotland is flown. The Lion Rampant of Scotland

The Palace is built next to the Ruins of Holyrood Abbey which was founded in 1128. The name "Canongate" derives from the "Canons" of the Abbey and "gaet" meaning way or passage.

One John Gray was an Edinburgh policeman during the 1850s. His friend and police watch-dog was a Skye Terrier named Bobby. Their friendship, however, was short when Gray died of tuberculosis in 1858 and was buried in Greyfriars Kirk graveyard. Bobby followed the funeral procession, but was taken home afterward. However, the little dog soon ran away and stayed on his master's grave until his death in 1872. Many people took pity on the little dog. James Brown, the church gardener, gave Bobby food and water. Eventually, a doghouse was built for him near the grave.

Let his loyalty & devotion be a lesson to us all. Bobby's headstone in Greyfriars Kirkyard

Princes Street Gardens is a public park in the centre of Edinburgh, Scotland, in the shadow of Edinburgh Castle.

The Ross Fountain

Princes Street is one of the major streets in central Edinburgh, Scotland, and the main shopping street .

The tower is 61.11 m high, and has several viewing platforms reached by narrow spiral staircases. From there you can enjoy great panoramic views of central Edinburgh. The highest platform is reached by 287 steps. The Scott Monument is a Victorian Gothic monument to Scottish author Sir Walter Scott. It stands in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/find_out/guides/uk/edinb urgh_festival/newsid_2161000/2161132.stm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edinburgh_International_Festival http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_coat_of_arms_of_Scotland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland http://projectbritain.com/britain/scotland.htm http://helpfors.narod.ru/GreatBritain/great_britain.html http://www.scotland-flavour.co.uk http://www.novareinna.com/bridge/bobby.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scott_Monument

Edinburgh became a major cultural centre and got the nickname Athens of the North because of the Greco-Roman style of the New Town's architecture.

Other annual events include the Hogmanay street party and the Beltane Fire Festival.

Edinburgh attracts over 1 million overseas visitors a year, making it the second most visited tourist destination in the United Kingdom.

In 1706 and 1707, the Acts of Union were passed by the Parliaments of England and Scotland uniting the two Kingdoms into the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Today the Royal Mile is probably the busiest tourist centre in Scotland, alongside its New Town equivalent, Prince’s Street. Princes Street and its gardens represent the very heart of Edinburgh. The street is the City's main shopping area while the gardens offer people a respite from the hustle and bustle of the shops. Main landmarks and attractions on Princes Street include the Balmoral Hotel, Scott Monument (with gorgeous panoramas of the gardens, Old Town and the Castle) and the Floral Clock. The best views of Princes Street are from the very top of the Scott Monument, from Calton Hill,

Calton Hill is without a doubt the best vantage point in Edinburgh. It offers amazing views towards Edinburgh Castle, the Balmoral Hotel, the Scott Monument and other City Centre attractions and buildings, including the Palace of Holyroodhouse down at the foot of the Royal Mile. On a clear day you can see all the way to Fife, across the Firth of Forth. Calton Hill is also ideal for photographing the Edinburgh Fireworks Concert or the New Year Fireworks display. It also offers the highest vantage point in the City Centre, the top platform of the Nelson Monument.

Large squares mark the location of markets or surround public buildings such as St. Giles' Cathedral and the Law Courts. Other notable places nearby include the Royal Museum of Scotland

The Canongate Tolbooth was built in 1591 and over the years served as the municipal building, court and prison for the Burgh of Canongate as well being used for a number of other purposes. The prominent clock was a later addition, in 1820. Today the building houses a great little museum called "The People's Story" which tells the story of the ordinary people of Edinburgh from the late 1700s to the present day. It is a popular attraction with locals and tourists alike and, best of all, admission is free.

Canongate Kirk Antlers and Cross set above Canongate Kirk

The Maiden Site of the Girth Cross The Girth Cross was a place for public executions. Criminals were beheaded by the "Maiden" an early type of guillotine that was used in Scotland at the time. This device, which can still be seen at the National Museum of Scotland

Less than 100 metres long, Abbey Strand lies at the bottom of the Royal Mile, running down to the gates of Holyroodhouse.

To the right of Abbey Strand is The Queen's Gallery, which was opened in 2002 by HM Queen Elizabeth II as part of her Golden Jubilee celebrations. The Gallery forms part of the Holyroodhouse complex and is used to exhibit works from the Royal Collection. Palace of Holyroodhouse

The King’s Bed Chamber The West Drawing Room, used by members of the Royal Family as a private sitting room and not normally open to the public

Perhaps the most famous resident of the Palace was Mary Queen of Scots (1542 –1587). The oldest part of the Palace is the north-west tower, built between 1528 and 1532. Mary's bedroom was on the second floor.

Dunnottar Castle

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