Economic impact of inland waterways Transport

67 %
33 %
Information about Economic impact of inland waterways Transport

Published on January 25, 2016

Author: EmadLogistics

Source: slideshare.net

1. Page 1 of 14 ECONOMIC IMPACT OF INLAND WATERWAYS TRANSPORT “This Research has been conducting for making use of the valuable Shipping mode, Inland waterways” Prepared By: Emad Ali Mohamed Ibrahim Submitted To: DR. Khaled Sakty Cairo, 24th January, 2016

2. Page 2 of 14 Abstract: Presently, waterways are utilized below their capacities while traffic volume on rail and road is increasing constantly. Especially road transport leads to high external costs caused by air pollution, congestion, accidents or petrol high cost. Facing these problems, inland waterway should be widely employed unlike current situation. Here is the main question is relational where the research emphasize on great economic impact of using inland waterways. The analytical methodology is the type we used here to clarify the main purpose. Using Inland waterways will greatly affect the total cost of current transportation of goods which depend now on road haulage. In addition, it will reduce the negative effects on environment resulted from road and rail transportation.

3. Page 3 of 14 Table of Content Abstract …………………………………………………………………………………….…… 2 Abbreviations ………………………………………………………………………………… 4 Chapter 1: Introduction ………………………………………………………….………………….…… 5 Research Problem …………………………………………………………………………. 6 Questions & Goals ………………………………………………………………………... 6 Objectives …………………………………………………………………………………….. 7 Methodology ………………………………………………………………………………… 7 Chapter 2: Evolution of inland water transport performance ………………………… 8 IWT Global Shift …………………………………………………………………………… 10 Keywords …………………………………………………………………………………….. 11 Findings ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 11 Conclusion ………………………………………………………..……………………….… 12 Recommendations …………..………………………………………………………….. 13 References ………………………………………………………………………………….. 14

4. Page 4 of 14 Abbreviations: IW Inland Waterway IWT Inland waterway Transport IWAI Inland Waterway Authority of India RIS River Information Services

5. Page 5 of 14 Chapter 1 Introduction: Inland water transport includes natural modes as navigable inland water routes e.g. Rivers, Canals and artificial canals. Inland waterways make a valuable contribution to peoples’ quality of life. The benefits they provide are diverse and include transport, recreation opportunities, drainage services, regeneration benefits and non-use values. The full range of benefits is rarely considered in decisions over the use or development of inland waterways and their surrounding areas; this can result in incorrect or inappropriate decisions being made. Where the wider value of inland waterways is not fully appreciated there is a risk that opportunities to realize important benefits are missed and / or that other benefits provided by the waterways network are compromised. It is important therefore, that the benefits provided by inland waterways are identified so that they may be maximized. This Research was undertaken to attempt to provide an indication of the value of inland waterways.

6. Page 6 of 14 Research Problem: This Research addresses the following problem; the economic impact of inland waterway transport. The main need for raising such subject is the international need to minimize the cost of transportation, using more environmental transport mode and making best use of natural IW. The economic IWT can help developing countries to recover quickly and push economics reforms through reducing road transport and depending more on IWT. Research questions and Goals: What are the main advantage of IWT? Most economical means of transport; Less investment cost, Less operational cost, Less maintenance cost and Can produce barges locally to save hard currency. Also, Friendly Environmental means; Much safer than other means, Can handle big volume per unit 1900 Ton while Rail 1000 Ton and Road 30 Ton) and Suitable to transport untraditional weights and dimensions. In addition, can attractive means to Tourism activities e.g. excursion boat, floating restaurant & others

7. Page 7 of 14 Research Objectives: - Qualifying Water Depth which affects Barge Draft. - Building River Locks with suitable Dimensions. And all needed equipment. - Maintaining Barge Speed. - Issuing more legislations to encourage IWT. Research Methodology: The research depends on deductive quantitive which had been done through interview with total of about 5 operations executives from different sectors dealing with freight. The main question was “how much IWT is economic? And how can we make use of it?” This research is limited to professionals and Academics who are related to freight.

8. Page 8 of 14 Chapter Two Evolution of inland water transport performance since mid-1990s: A comparison of IWT performance in absolute terms with the situation in 1990 as described in the 1996 White Paper reveals contrasting trends. The most significant growth can be observed in several Danube countries. The bulk of this growth is very recent and is linked to the end of the disruption of traffic on the Danube caused by the war. The growth in Romania (+71 %) relates to large-scale expansion and improvement of the port of Constanta and its satellite terminals at Midia, both served directly by IWT through the Danube Black Sea Canal and its northern branch. The same applies to Bulgaria (+133 %), Croatia (+230 %) and Hungary (+76 %), however with smaller total volumes. The countries with stable networks and stable overall economic and political conditions on their IWT networks, show substantial growth over this period: Belgium (55 %), France (15 %) and the Netherlands (19 %) are in the fore, while Germany remained stable (1 %) after achieving higher growth than the other countries of the same group between 1990 and 1995. The high overall volume and the strength of this group are a good indicator of continuing IWT expansion, once the present economic and financial crisis is over. Altogether, these four countries account for some 50 % of the total freight transport by inland waterway in the countries listed in table 3, including the Russian Federation. The growth in Austria (27 %) relates both to the opening of the Main-Danube Canal and, lately, to the revival of through traffic on the Danube. As documented in the 1996 White Paper, traffic levels in many Central and Eastern European countries showed a marked decline after their transition from centrally planned economies to market economies. See the figures for the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Poland, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia and Ukraine. This situation has turned around and increases are observed today in practically all of these countries. The decline observed in Italy, Switzerland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland does

9. Page 9 of 14 not reveal any significant trend, since the traffic concerned – and the distances covered – are relatively small. It is certain that the geographic factor has a defining impact on the IWT modal split at the national and regional levels. The two main international inland waterways in Western and Central Europe are the Rhine and the Danube where around 310 and 73 million tons of goods were carried in 2008 respectively. The Rhine and Danube riparian countries, present higher degrees of the IWT use. See tables 1. Table 1

10. Page 10 of 14 IWT Global Shift: Globally, the modal shift to IWT is supported by an increasing number of international projects which are often focusing on creating the frame works necessary for the modal shift to IWT (especially in developing countries). The World Bank (World Bank Transport Anchor group – TWITR) initialized the working paper “Development of a more energy efficient inland waterway transport in Bangladesh” (2011) with the aim of reducing the modal share of road transport and creating the base for other project in developing countries. In China the World Bank allowed a specific investment loan (2005) for the execution of the “Fifth Inland Waterways” project which aimed for the further development of the H an- river for IWT and at the same time f or implementing sustainable energy (hydro-power) along the river. India is already strongly committed to the development of IWT as the Inland Waterway Authority of India (IWAI) has been constituted in 1986. The IWAI developed and formulated an IWT policy with a view to accelerate IWT development and encourage private sector participation in IWT. Moreover, with financing of the World Bank projects such as “Capacity Augmentation of the National Waterway” or the project “IWT Sector Development Strategy and Market Development Study for Capacity Augmentation of National Waterway” ( both started in 2014) are carried out. Inside the European Union NEWS is among other projects which are either aiming for the development of innovative vessels and ships or for the collection and provision of necessary data to support the modal shift to inland waterways. The project “Innovative Danube Vessel” (finished 2013) was part of the “EU Strategy for the Danube Region” with the goal of collecting and analyzing data related to operating ships on the Danube, the Danube fleet compositions and effected markets in order to give recommendations for the development of innovative Danube vessels.

11. Page 11 of 14 Keywords: inland; waterway; transport; shipping; LNG; container transport; NEWS; multimodal transport; external costs. Findings: IWT is very cost-effective and can help greatly in developing economics and reduce the cost of shipping goods and avoid cost of maintenance for roads and accidents during road and rail transport. The more we depend on IWT, the more we save cost and help improve environment. We need just to know every load of one barge equals load of 60 trucks. In addition every barge need quarter of energy quantity needed in trucks for moving 1 ton of goods.

12. Page 12 of 14 Conclusion: This research is discussing the importance of depending more on inland waterway transport which can easily affect all aspects of economics with the high cost-efficiency before and after operations. The research was conducted to provide realistic answers for the question” how much IWT is important to any economy?” That question had been answered through examples and clearing the relation between IWT and cost-efficiency and how IWT can play a great role in economy of developing countries. To illustrate the idea, we have used the methodology deductive quantitive which had been done through interview with total of about 5 operations executives from different sectors dealing with freight. Goals are clear and concentrated about the important role of usage of IWT which affect deeply the economy of any country specially developing countries. Shifting freight transport from road and rail to inland waterway - and thus encourage intermodal transport – is not only a political aim followed worldwide. (For example: EU Strategy for the Danube Region is to increase the cargo transport on the Danube by 20% by 2020 compared to 2010). It is also followed in developing countries such as China, India and Brazil with comparably high growing-rates of IWT.

13. Page 13 of 14 Recommendations: 1. Working on Have a safe river routes and available day & night navigational system. 2. Having suitable water depth all the year around. 3. Having a suitable IWT fleet for carrying all kinds of Cargo especially Containers. 4. Developing human recourse in IWT in all fields is essential. 5. Applying RIS 6. Issuing Legislation support IWT. 7. Encouraging investment in Managing & Operating all kinds of River Ports; Container Terminals, Grain Silos, G.C Ports.

14. Page 14 of 14 References: [1] European Conference of Ministers of Transport: Inland Waterways & Environmental Protection; 2006. P14 http://internationaltransportforum.org/pub/pdf/06WaterEnv.pdf [2] International Navigation Association: Economic Aspects of inland waterways; 2005. P2 http://www.pianc.us/workinggroups/docs_wg/incom-wg21.pdf [3] JACOBS: The Benefits of Inland Waterways – final Report; 2009. P5 http://www.waterways-forward.eu/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/The-Benefits- of-Inland-Waterways_Final-Report-July-2009_JACO.pdf [4] United Nation Economic Commission for Europe: Efficient and Sustainable Inland Water Transport in Europe; 2011. P3 https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2011/sc3wp3/ECE-TRANS- SC3-189e.pdf

Add a comment

Related pages

Inland waterways - Events - Transport

In order to discuss the impacts of the economic crisis on the inland waterway transport sector, the Commission has invited representatives of the European ...
Read more

Inland Water Transport - Transport - UNECE

Inland water transport is a viable alternative or addition to ... The network of inland waterways in Europe and ... © United Nations Economic Commission ...
Read more

Economic Impacts - Inland Rivers, Ports & Terminals ...

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF INLAND RIVERS PORTS AND TERMINALS. 1) ... All the activities described in “About the Waterways”, produce community economic impact.
Read more

Airports, Inland Waterways, & Marine Ports Report | ASCE

Airports, Inland Waterways, & Marine Ports Report. ... ASCE’s report, Failure to Act: The Economic Impact of Current Investment Trends in Airports, ...
Read more

Economic Impacts of the Flemish Inland Waterways ...

... operations and maintenance of the inland waterways ... the economic impacts ... this covers e.g. the expected growth in waterway transport ...
Read more

Inland Waterways and Environmental Protection

INLAND WATERWAYS & ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ... ECMT European Conference of Ministers of Transport EEC European Economic ... impacts of inland waterway ...
Read more

Socio-economic considerations on Plans for Inland Waterway ...

Socio-economic considerations on Plans for ... Inland Waterway Transport plays a restrained but important ... 5.1.2 Impact of waterway developments on ...
Read more

The Economic Impact of Inland Waterway - Maritime News ...

The Economic Impact of Inland Waterway ... Sponsored by the National Waterways ... perhaps the basis for evaluating the economic impacts of the inland ...
Read more

Environmental Advantages of Inland Barge Transportation

Environmental Advantages of Inland ... water transport's impact on the waterway ... impacts from the canal: acting as an economic ...
Read more

CONTRIBUTION TO IMPACT ASSESSMENT - European Commission ...

CONTRIBUTION TO IMPACT ASSESSMENT : ... Inland waterway transport has ... Given the difficult economic circumstances, the inland waterway transport ...
Read more