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Information about ecolabel

Published on April 8, 2008

Author: Hillary


Eco-labels Helping You Make a Better Decision October 07, 2004:  Eco-labels Helping You Make a Better Decision October 07, 2004 Agenda :  Agenda What is an eco-label How are eco-labels used Types of eco-labels Examples Energy Star It-eco Declaration TCO EPEAT How eco-labels fit into the FEC What is an Eco-Label:  What is an Eco-Label Environmental Performance Certification for Products Identifies products that meet specific environmental criteria This varies widely among labels Labels exist for electronics and many other products A third-party identifies criteria and verifies adherence to criteria Different from “green” symbol or claim made by manufacturers on product. How are Eco-Labels Used:  How are Eco-Labels Used To aid in purchasing a product Allow a purchaser to make an informed decision Balancing of criteria done by experts Eco-labels can be Specified in bid specification Must also use “or equivalent” language Used as a distinguisher between otherwise equivalent product As a differentiator when selecting what products to consider Types of Eco-Labels Based on ISO Identification:  Types of Eco-Labels Based on ISO Identification Type I Voluntary, Multiple Criteria Based, that awards the use of a label on a product that indicates overall environmental preferability based on life-cycle Type II Informative environmental self-declaration claims Type III Voluntary program that provides quantified environmental data of a product set by a qualified third party, based on LCA and verified by a third party. A sampling of eco-labels:  A sampling of eco-labels Energy Star Blue Angel Nordic Swan Japan Green Purchasing Network Canada Environment Choice B B ITECO Declaration TCO Development EPEAT Japan Eco Mark European Union Eco-flower Examples:  Examples 4 Examples ENERGY STAR ITECO TCO EPEAT What they are going to talk about Scope of Product Scope of Attributes Verification How to use it The ENERGY STAR® Product Label:  The ENERGY STAR® Product Label Kate Lewis October 7, 2004 Consumers Want Energy Savings:  Consumers Want Energy Savings Consumers want to protect the environment - 70% favor conservation over increasing fuel production - 60% felt protection of the environment was worth paying higher prices for gas and electricity (NYT/CBS news) 72% of Adults "...Make a Special Effort to Look for Products that are Energy Efficient" 72% Source: The Gallup Organization, © 2000 93% of people believe that saving energy is important for both the environment and their pocketbooks…They just don’t know where to start (Lowe’s, 2001) Feds Want Energy Savings:  Feds Want Energy Savings Single largest energy consumer in US Executive Order 13123 Reduce GGE by 30% by 2010 Reduce energy consumption by 35% by 2010 Section 403(b) Executive Order 13221 1 watt/lowest standby power ENERGY STAR is Required for all Government Purchases Benefits of Energy Efficiency:  Benefits of Energy Efficiency Energy Consumption - for electricity and transportation - causes major air pollution 80% of U.S. GHG emissions 95% of U.S. NOx emissions (smog, acid rain) Energy Efficiency addresses many objectives Reliability and price spikes (electricity, natural gas, petroleum prices) Environmental benefits Cost savings Energy Security Much can be achieved through partnership/market based approaches Turns energy efficiency into real products and services National definitions for efficient products, homes, and buildings Provides objective, clear information Voluntary programs and partnerships work now - while R&D and underway ENERGY STAR Product Labeling:  ENERGY STAR Product Labeling Objectives: To prevent air pollution, including emissions of greenhouse gases, caused by the inefficient use of energy To make it easy for businesses and consumers to identify and purchase products with enhanced energy efficiency that offer savings on utility bills while maintaining performance, features, and comfort What is ENERGY STAR? Distinguishes what is efficient/better for the environment with no sacrifice in features or performance Voluntary program Products that earn the ENERGY STAR meet strict energy performance criteria set by the US EPA or DOE Models in 35+ Product Categories Can Carry the ENERGY STAR Label :  Models in 35+ Product Categories Can Carry the ENERGY STAR Label Office equipment: Computers, monitors, printers, scanners, copiers, fax machines, multifunction devices Consumer electronics: TVs, VCRs, DVD players, audio equipment, cordless telephones, answering machines, set top boxes Home Appliances: Refrigerators, clothes washers, dish washers, dehumidifiers, air cleaners Heating and Cooling Equipment: Central AC and heat pumps, Room AC, furnaces, boilers, programmable thermostats, ventilation fans, ceiling fans Lighting and signage: Residential light fixtures, CFLs, exit signs, traffic signals Others: windows, roof products, water coolers, transformers Developing an Effective Specification:  Developing an Effective Specification Energy and environmental analysis Market research and design analysis Specification development (in cooperation with stakeholders) ENERGY STAR Partners:  ENERGY STAR Partners ENERGY STAR works with many stakeholders in reducing greenhouse gas emissions including Manufacturers, retailers, and state and utility partners More than 1,400 manufacturers labeling more than 28,000 product models Over 550 retailers (more than 21,000+ storefronts) Federal Agencies/Departments -- FEMP 330 state energy agency and electric utility partners ENERGY STAR Promotion Activities :  ENERGY STAR Promotion Activities Publicity and consumer education Public Service Announcements in print, TV, and radio Annual National Promotions for Lighting, Cooling Equipment, Home Electronics, and Home Appliances Action Guide Website - Consumer brochures Marketing tools and financing Recognition with annual awards Purchasing tools including sample procurement language and savings calculators ENERGY STAR Results:  ENERGY STAR Results The ENERGY STAR label has become the national symbol for energy efficiency, recognized by over 55% of Americans. To date, Americans have bought more than 1 billion ENERGY STAR qualified products. These products have helped reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 485 billion pounds. In 2003 alone, Americans - with the help of ENERGY STAR - saved $8 billion on their energy bills, saved enough energy to power 20 million homes. ENERGY STAR is International:  ENERGY STAR is International U.S. EPA has arrangements with agencies in other countries regarding ENERGY STAR for office equipment Japan Taiwan Australia: also includes home electronics and others New Zealand: also includes home electronics and others Canada: also includes most other product categories U.S. Government has a formal agreement with the European Union on ENERGY STAR for office equipment Managed by European Commission - DG TREN Other Parts of ENERGY STAR:  Other Parts of ENERGY STAR New Homes Independently verified to be at least 30% more efficient than the model energy code Home Improvement Home energy yardstick Home energy advisor Home sealing (insulation, windows, sealing gaps and cracks) Buildings Benchmarking for various building types Guidelines for energy management Resources for small businesses Slide20:  For More Information Kate Lewis, US EPA or 202-343-9024 Questions?? Nordic Information Technology Organisations IT Brancheforeningen, Denmark TT, Finland IKT, Norway and IT-Företagen, Sweden :  Nordic Information Technology Organisations IT Brancheforeningen, Denmark TT, Finland IKT, Norway and IT-Företagen, Sweden a communication tool for product environmental attributes Hans Wendschlag Nordic Environmental Business Manager Hewlett-Packard a communication tool for product environmental attributes:  a communication tool for product environmental attributes Declaration content: - environmental management systems ISO 14001/ EMAS and environment report - Design for Environment, DfE like modularity, upgradeability - energy - acoustic noise - electrical safety - EMC and EMF (electromagnetic fields from visual displays) - chemical emissions (printers, copiers and multifunction products) - hazardous substances like flame retardants and heavy metals - batteries - packaging - end-of-life services: packaging, products Both quantitative as well as qualitative data. Parameter selection based on: - customer Frequently Asked Questions - Green Public Procurement and - IT industry agreed reasonable and achievable Eco label criteria. a communication tool for product environmental attributes:  a communication tool for product environmental attributes Declaration development: established in 1996, revised in - 1997 - 1998 - 2000 - new version in December 2003! Every new version: added new criteria based on customer FAQs and bench-marking against important and revised Eco label criteria and Green Public Tenders. IT Eco Declaration system started in Sweden, Denmark and Norway joined in 1998, Finland participates from 2004. Other countries can join as ‘green’ product data demand grows. a communication tool for product environmental attributes:  a communication tool for product environmental attributes self declaration of product environmental attributes, IT products of any category, declaration exist in Sweden for telecom products includes agreed criteria from German Blue Angel, Nordic Swan and Swedish TCO, EU flower criteria added in 2003 version advantage for companies to state compliance to many but not all criteria, which is not possible for ECO labels (must meet 100% to get the label) more than 80% of all IT companies on the Nordic market have signed the contract to use the IT Eco Declaration, most of them are down-loadable from company Internet home pages. participating companies/ brand(s):  participating companies/ brand(s) a communication tool for product environmental attributes:  a communication tool for product environmental attributes Self declaration concept, member companies must: - sign contract to use the declaration - on request, verify compliance statements - immediately correct any discovered errors - pay small annual fee based on turnover Non-compliance can lead to exclusion from the system! a communication tool for product environmental attributes:  a communication tool for product environmental attributes Quality control in 1999 by 3rd party test lab, NEMKO in Norway: checked parameters: - acoustic noise - EMC - chemical emissions - flame retardants RESULT: of 52 companies - 3 left the system when the control was announced - another 3 were told to leave the system after the control had been completed. a communication tool for product environmental attributes:  a communication tool for product environmental attributes Number of IT products in Europe with ECO labeled certifications (today) and IT Eco Declaration (since 1996) - status September 2004 – (for TCO, 99% are displays):  Number of IT products in Europe with ECO labeled certifications (today) and IT Eco Declaration (since 1996) - status September 2004 – (for TCO, 99% are displays) a communication tool for product environmental attributes:  a communication tool for product environmental attributes Summary… IT Eco Declaration - meets professional customer demand for standardized, comparable product environmental information - continuously improved, content and quality via transparent process - meets the basic principles of ISO14021 - includes the environmental attributes of ECMA TR/70 - used by majority of IT producers - reduces the need for Eco labels for IT products - can be requested under EU green public procurement (or its content) - meets some of the basic requirements of the IPP and EuP Directives. New web page: a communication tool for product environmental attributes:  a communication tool for product environmental attributes For more Information: For declaration contract questions: Denmark: Jette Baade, Norway : Per-Morten Hoff, Sweden : Ewa Thorslund, For declaration content questions: Denmark: Jette Baade, Norway : Kjell Markhus, Sweden : Hans Wendschlag, Slide33:  THANK YOU! Questions?? Slide34:  Quality and Environmental Labels for Office Electronics Per Anell TCO Development TCO Creates Sustainable Office Environments:  TCO Creates Sustainable Office Environments TCO develops quality and environmental labeling systems for computers (including laptops), monitors, keyboards, mobile phones and printers, combining issues of office environment with natural environment Global quality standards for electronic office equipment – applied throughout the world 50 percent of computer monitor models on the world market are TCO labeled. Product Types Certified:  Product Types Certified Displays (CRT) Displays (CRT) Displays (LCD) Displays (LCD) System Units (CPUs) Portable computers Keyboards Printers Copiers Faxes Mobile Phones Main Characteristics of a TCO label:  Main Characteristics of a TCO label User in focus – comfort and health issues Ensures a top quality product Third party certification body A voluntary stamp of quality for manufacturers Creates a market driven demand How Are the TCO Labels Developed ?:  Network of experts Manufacturers Users, purchasers How Are the TCO Labels Developed ? Verifiable, credible and quality controlled:  Verifiable, credible and quality controlled All products certified by third-party labs. No self certification Round-robin and postmarket tests ensure quality control Multi-stakeholder process in development of new labels – TCOD determines final outcome of new criteria The TCO labels are based on the 4 E’s:  The TCO labels are based on the 4 E’s Emissions Ergonomics Energy Ecology Highlights of the requirements in TCO’03 (CRT and Flat Panel Displays):  Emissions Low levels of electromagnetic fields Low electrostatic potential of the CRT surface Immunity from external magnetic fields Ergonomics Pixel array requirements Screen geometry Luminance level, uniformity and image loading capacity Luminance contrast Front frame reflectance and gloss Color temperature variation, uniformity and linearity Image stability Vertical tilt and height adjustments Energy efficiency Two levels of sleep modes; Standby mode 15 W ”Deep sleep” mode 5 W Alt 1: 2-step sleep models: max 3 sec. from Standby to wake-up or Alt 2: 1-step sleep models: max 5 W power consumption Ecology / Environment Environmental Management System certificate according to ISO 14001 or EMAS registration. Regulations on Environmental Hazards (cadmium, mercury, lead, brominated and chrominated flame retardants and plastics) Preparation for disassembly and recycling (coding, mercury lamps, plastics, metallization) Information to display users about the possibility to dispose of the display by environmentally acceptable recycling Highlights of the requirements in TCO’03 (CRT and Flat Panel Displays) TCO Labels - A global success:  Displays 1000 TCO’92 2000 TCO’95 2200 TCO’99 151 TCO’03 >1500 CRTs >1700 FPDs System Units 5 TCO’95 13 TCO’99 Keyboards 2 TCO’99 Portable computers 3 TCO’99 Printers 1 TCO’99 TCO Labels - A global success The TCO label - a useful tool for Environmentally Preferable Purchasing:  The TCO label - a useful tool for Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Consumers / Users Manufacturers EPP Requirements Quality sign Online Database of Certified Products:  Online Database of Certified Products Search by: Manufacturer Brand name Product type Certification type Example: If you want to see a list of all TCO ‘03 certified CRT display units branded Dell, make the following selections: Manufacturer: All Brand name: Dell Product type: Display – CRT (for CRT displays) or Display – Flat (for Flat Panel Displays) Certificate: TCO’03 For more Information::  For more Information: Los Angeles, CA Phone: (310) 566-2341 E-mail: Stockholm, Sweden E-mail: Questions?? EPEAT Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool:  EPEAT Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool Viccy Salazar Project Manager, US EPA A US Based Eco-label for::  A US Based Eco-label for: ’05 version Computers Monitors Laptops Future Many More Product TV, Copies, Fax, Printers, Cell Phones, etc. Still under Construction:  Still under Construction A multi-stakeholder group of purchasers, manufacturers, NGOs and governments are developing EPEAT. Ready for piloting by federal partners in mid-2005 Name may change – but we will let you know Development sponsored by the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive and EPA Until ready, still should purchase “green products” – either through direct identification of environmental criteria or by using another label. Energy Star is a base criteria for EPEAT and required for Federal purchases. How is it going to work?:  How is it going to work? Manufacturer signs an MOU with EPEAT Manufacturer evaluates products against EPEAT criteria Three levels of achievement … Green (Bronze), Greener (Silver), Greenest (Gold) Self-certifies that product meets EPEAT and level EPEAT Organization verifies claims on X% of product to ensure quality and validity YOU: Specify EPEAT in bid specs Pick a level of performance – Bronze, Silver or Gold Or Go to the website and identify products Buy a Greener IT product It’s That Easy A Lifecycle Approach:  A Lifecycle Approach Criteria address: How product is designed Toxicity and Environmentally sensitive materials Selection of materials Recycled content, Renewable materials, dematerialization Environmental impacts during use - Energy Upgradeability, extending life, and reuse Packaging – how much, reusable? How easy and safe it will be to recycle Corporate environmental performance Product take-back EPEAT and the FEC:  EPEAT and the FEC Buying EPEAT will meet: The gold level Acquisition and Procurement criteria Or Your optional activity if you are working on a different stage Work is happening to integrate EPEAT into the CPG, GSA Schedule and GWACs (NASA). You can also specify EPEAT in your bid specifications. Timeline:  Timeline EPEAT Development Team finishes its work in Nov ’04 Pilot in ’05 (by Federal FEC partners and others) Ready for use in early ’06 If you are making a multi-year purchase NOW, ask us how to include EPEAT. For More Information:  For More Information Viccy Salazar, US EPA or 703-979-6020 Larry Chalfan, Zero Waste Alliance EPEAT Program Manager 503-279-9383 Questions?? Questions??:  Questions?? Energy Star ITECO TCO EPEAT In Conclusion:  In Conclusion Eco-labels give you an easy way to identify “greener” products. Labels vary in terms of scope of products, scope of criteria and level of verification. It is important to know what is behind the label so you really understand what you are getting. Contact Us:  Contact Us or Juan Lopez (Office of Federal Environmental Executive) 202-564-5214 Viccy Salazar, (US EPA) 703-308-8647 Adrienne Priselac (US EPA) 415-972-3285 Christopher Newman (US EPA) 312-353-8402

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