east vs west

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Information about east vs west
Education

Published on March 10, 2008

Author: Pasquale

Source: authorstream.com

East vs. West Values:  East vs. West Values What are they? and How do they affect your life? 東 西 OBJECTIVES:  OBJECTIVES Students will analyze their values. Students will understand Confucian values. Students will analyze the two sets of values and evaluate the similarities and differences between the two. Students will create a new set of values to follow. Sunshine State Standards:  Sunshine State Standards SS.A.1.3.1: The student understands how patterns, chronology, sequencing (including cause and effect), and the identification of historical periods are influenced by frames of reference. SS.A.1.3.2: The student knows the relative value of primary and secondary sources and uses this information to draw conclusions from historical sources such as data in charts, tables, graphs. SS.A.2.3.1: The student understands how language, ideas, and institutions of one culture can influence other (e.g., through trade, exploration, and immigration). SS.A.2.3.5: The student knows significant historical leaders who shaped the development of early cultures (e.g. Confucius) Sunshine State Standards:  Sunshine State Standards SS.A.3.3.5: The student understands the differences between institutions of Eastern and Western civilizations. SS.B.1.3.1: The student uses various map forms and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report geographic information including patterns or land use, connections between places, and patterns and processes of migration and diffusion. SS.B.2.3.7: The student knows how various human systems throughout the world have developed in response to conditions in the physical environment. SS.A.2.3.6: The student knows the major events that shaped the development of various cultures (e.g. spread of religion). SS.A.3.3.1: The student understands ways in which cultural characteristics have been transmitted from one society to another. BELLWORK:  BELLWORK Day 1: Think about how you find out about new ideas: what’s cool in music, clothes, values, how you act, etc. List at least three sources with examples that help you form your values, opinions, and ideas. 1. 2. 3. What forms of art do you get most of your thoughts, values, ideas, and opinions from? Standing Buddha, Gupta period (ca. 319–500), 5th century Uttar Pradesh, Mathura, India :  Standing Buddha, Gupta period (ca. 319–500), 5th century Uttar Pradesh, Mathura, India Standing Shakyamuni Buddha, 3rd century A.D. Northwest India / Pakistan, Gandhara :  Standing Shakyamuni Buddha, 3rd century A.D. Northwest India / Pakistan, Gandhara Buddha Shakyamuni, 8th-9th century Afghanistan (?), South Asia :  Buddha Shakyamuni, 8th-9th century Afghanistan (?), South Asia Seated Bhuddha with Attending Bodhisattvas, early 6th century A.D Chinese (Shenxi Provence), Northern Wei dynasty :  Seated Bhuddha with Attending Bodhisattvas, early 6th century A.D Chinese (Shenxi Provence), Northern Wei dynasty Head of Bhuddha, A.D. 550-77 Chinese (Henan Province), Northern Qi dynasty :  Head of Bhuddha, A.D. 550-77 Chinese (Henan Province), Northern Qi dynasty Seated Buddha, Tang dynasty (618–907), ca. 650 China :  Seated Buddha, Tang dynasty (618–907), ca. 650 China Giant 33m-high brass Buddha, Beopjusa (Popchusa) Temple, Songnisan National Park, South Korea:  Giant 33m-high brass Buddha, Beopjusa (Popchusa) Temple, Songnisan National Park, South Korea Slide13:  93 ton bronze The Great Buddha of Kamakura Amida Buddha, from 1252 B.C. Kotokuin Temple, Kamakura, Japan Rushana (Birushana), Nara Era 710 to 794 AD, at Toushoudai-ji Temple, Wood, Nara, Japan:  Rushana (Birushana), Nara Era 710 to 794 AD, at Toushoudai-ji Temple, Wood, Nara, Japan A Crowned Buddha, 13th century Burma (Myanmar), Pagan (?), Southeast Asia :  A Crowned Buddha, 13th century Burma (Myanmar), Pagan (?), Southeast Asia Buddha image at Wat Pananchueng, Ayutthaya in Central Thailand. The hand position shows the Buddha touching the ground to ask nature to witness his resolve to reach enlightenment. :  Buddha image at Wat Pananchueng, Ayutthaya in Central Thailand. The hand position shows the Buddha touching the ground to ask nature to witness his resolve to reach enlightenment. The Big Buddha, 1972 Koh Samui, Thailand:  The Big Buddha, 1972 Koh Samui, Thailand Borobudur Stupa, Java, Indonesia :  Borobudur Stupa, Java, Indonesia Fengxian Monastery at Longmen, completed during the first half of the eighth century China:  Fengxian Monastery at Longmen, completed during the first half of the eighth century China Slide20:  Source: http://go.hrw.com/hrw.nd/gohrw_rls1/pKeywordResults?ST9%20Buddhism Slide21:  East Asian trade routes Source: http://www.asiasocietymuseum.com/buddhist_trade/traderoutes.html Trade routes are represented by the orange and yellow dashed lines with arrows. Buddhism spread across trade routes:  Buddhism spread across trade routes Source: http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/sb-map02.htm Assessment: R.A.F.T.:  Assessment: R.A.F.T. Pretend you are a traveler writing a letter home to your best friend telling him or her about all the amazing things you have seen on your journey throughout Asia. You must colorfully describe what sites along your route impressed you most? and why? Include at least 5 descriptions of amazing sites you have seen and where the locations of these sights are. Also explain why you are traveling throughout Asia. You can even draw pictures along with your complete sentences. *You must use proper letter format. BELLWORK:  BELLWORK Day 2: word web on values Definition: VALUES Synonym/Antonym: Make a sentence with the word value(s) in it: Draw a picture to represent values: Confucianism vs. You:  Confucianism vs. You VOCABULARY:  VOCABULARY Mandate of Heaven: The idea that the ruling dynasty in China is in favor with the heavens and therefore has the right to rule. If the rulers become corrupt and too bad for the people and to the people, the dynasty loses this right to rule ending the approval of Heaven and a new ruling family then takes over. (a mandate is an official order) Ridicule: make fun of Reverence: to revere someone; to have respect for someone Gentleman: a person who is respected because he or she has most of the characteristics of a good person. Sage: a person who is wise due to study and reflection; shows good judgement Diligent: hard working, never gives up, stick-to-it-ness Filial Piety: respect and dedication to one’s ancestors. What Are 3 Things You Respect in This World? :  What Are 3 Things You Respect in This World? Confucius: 1. 2. 3. What are you views today: 1. 2. 3. Selections from The Analects: The Gentleman:  Selections from The Analects: The Gentleman Confucius said, “ The gentleman reveres three things. He reveres the mandate of Heaven; he reveres great people; and her reveres the words of the sages. Petty people do not know the mandate of Heaven and so do not revere it. They are disrespectful to great people and they ridicule the words of sages. From Chinese Civilization: A Sourcebook Translated by Mark Coyle and Patricia Ebrey What Are 3 Things You Respect in This World? :  What Are 3 Things You Respect in This World? Confucius: The Mandate of Heaven 2. Great People 3. Words of Sages What are you views today: 1. 2. 3. Similarities: Differences: Slide30:  Confucius: In Youth: In Manhood: In Old Age: What are you views today: In Youth: In Manhood: In Old Age: things you should be wary or Cautious of throughout Different Stages of life Selections from The Analects: The Gentleman:  Selections from The Analects: The Gentleman Confucius said, “The gentleman must exert caution in three areas. When he is a youth and his blood and spirit have not yet settled down, he must be on his guard lest he fall into lusting. When he reaches the full vigor of his manhood in his thirties and his blood and spirit are strong, he must guard against getting into quarrels. When he reaches old age and his blood and spirit have begun to weaken, he must guard against envy. From Chinese Civilization: A Sourcebook Translated by Mark Coyle and Patricia Ebrey Slide32:  Confucius: In Youth: Lust In Manhood: Quarrels/Fights In Old Age: Envy What are you views today: In Youth: In Manhood: In Old Age: Things you should be wary or Cautious of throughout Different Stages of life Similarities: Differences: How Would You Answer the Following Questions? :  How Would You Answer the Following Questions? Confucius: 1. Emphasize: 2. Friends: 3. Flaws in one’s self: What are you views today: What is most important to you? 2. How do you feel about your friends ( are they better than you, less than you, bad, etc.)? 3. How do you handle the flaws you have? Selections from The Analects: The Gentleman:  Selections from The Analects: The Gentleman Confucius said, “ If the gentleman is not dignified, he will not command respect and his teachings will not be considered solid. He emphasizes sincerity and honest. He has not friends who are not his equals. If he finds a fault in himself, he does not shirk from reforming himself.” Zigong said, “When the gentleman falls into error, it is like the eclipse of the sun and moon: everyone sees it. When he corrects it, everyone will look up to him again.” From Chinese Civilization: A Sourcebook Translated by Mark Coyle and Patricia Ebrey How Would You Answer the Following Questions? :  How Would You Answer the Following Questions? Confucius: Emphasize: Sincerity and Honesty 2. Friends: They are equals 3. Flaws in one’s self: Reform yourself What are you views today: What is characteristics in a person are most important to you? 2. How do you feel about your friends ( are they better than you, less than you, bad, etc.)? 3. How do you handle the flaws you have? Similarities: Differences: If You Show the Following Characteristics, How Will People React? :  If You Show the Following Characteristics, How Will People React? Confucius: 1. Respect: 2. Generosity: 3. Truthfulness: 4. Diligence (hard working): 5. Kindness: What are you views today: 1. Respect: 2. Generosity: 3. Truthfulness: 4. Diligence (hard working): 5. Kindness: Selections from The Analects: Humanity:  Selections from The Analects: Humanity Zizhang asked Confucius about humanity. Confucius said, “If an individual can practice five things anywhere in the world, he is a man of humanity.” “May I ask what these things are?” said Zizhang. Confucius replied, “Reverence, generosity, truthfulness, diligence, and kindness. If a person acts with reverence, he will not be insulted. If he is generous, he will win over people. If he is truthful, he will be trusted by people. If he is diligent, he will have great achievements. If he is kind, he will be able to influence others. From Chinese Civilization: A Sourcebook Translated by Mark Coyle and Patricia Ebrey If You Show the Following Characteristics, How Will People React? :  If You Show the Following Characteristics, How Will People React? Confucius: 1. Respect: You will not be insulted 2. Generosity: You will win people over 3. Truthfulness: You will be trusted by people 4. Diligence (hard working): You will have great achievements 5. Kindness: You will influence others What are you views today: 1. Respect: 2. Generosity: 3. Truthfulness: 4. Diligence (hard working): 5. Kindness: Similarities: Differences: How Do You Think You Should Treat Those Older Than You?:  How Do You Think You Should Treat Those Older Than You? Confucius: 1. 2. 3. 4. What are you views today: 1. 2. 3. 4. Selections from The Analects: Filial Piety:  Selections from The Analects: Filial Piety Ziyou inquired about filial piety. Confucius said, “Nowadays, filial piety is considered to be the ability to nourish one’s parents. But this obligation to nourish even extends down to the dogs and horses. Unless we have reverence for our parents, what makes us any different?” Confucius said, “ When your father is alive observe his intentions. When he is deceased, model yourself on the memory of his behavior. If in three years after his death you have not deviated from your father’s ways, then you may be considered a filial child.”… …Meng Yizi inquired about filial piety. Confucius said, “Do not offend your parents.” … …The Duke of She said to Confucius, “In my land there is an upright man. His father stole a sheep, and the man turned him in to the authorities.” Confucius replied, “The upright men of my land are different. The father will shelter the son and the son will shelter the father. Righteousness lies precisely in this.” From Chinese Civilization: A Sourcebook Translated by Mark Coyle and Patricia Ebrey How Do You Think You Should Treat Those Older Than You?:  How Do You Think You Should Treat Those Older Than You? Confucius: 1. You should respect them 2. Model yourself after them 3. Do not offend them 4. Shelter them What are you views today: 1. 2. 3. 4. Similarities: Differences: Assessment: Badge of Honor:  Assessment: Badge of Honor Create your own badge of honor by picking 4 things you have learned and liked about Confucianism and describing them through pictures and words. In the center write your name and make your own Confucian-like saying that represents your opinion of what makes a good person. Name: __________’s_ Badge of Honor:  Name: __________’s_ Badge of Honor Bellwork:  Bellwork Day 3: Read the selection below and answer the questions. Do you agree with the statement below by Taichi Sakaiya, author of What Is Japan, that Americans hide from their government because they do not trust it? Do our values relate to nationalism, a love of one’s country? “As Americans can see it, a carrot or a stick is required to get the population to do something. European countries and most other Asian countries share this outlook. The bottom line is that people would rather not be known tot the government. In Japan it is the reverse: even without carrot or stick, the population would rather be known to the government. Only three countries in the world have a strict census registration system: Japan, South Korea, Taiwan. The institution of such a system in Europe and America would be opposed as an unwanted violation of privacy. People do not want the government to know about them or their lives.” National Anthems :  National Anthems Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous fight' O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming. And the rockets red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. Oh, say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? On the shore dimly seen, thro' the mists of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam, In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream; 'Tis the star-spangled banner: oh, long may it wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. And where is that band who so vauntingly swore That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion A home and a country should leave us no more? Their blood has wash'd out their foul footstep's pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave, And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. Oh, thus be it ever when free men shall stand, Between their loved homes and the war's desolation; Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land Praise the Power that has made and preserved us as a nation. Then conquer we must, when our cause is just, And this be our motto: "In God is our trust"; And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. “The Star Spangled Banner” National Anthems :  National Anthems “May Emperor’s reign last forever” May the reign of the Emperor continue for a thousand, nay, eight thousand generations and for the eternity that it takes for small pebbles to grow into a great rock and become covered with moss. National Anthems :  National Anthems “The March of the Volunteers” Arise, Ye who refuse to be slaves!  With our very flesh and blood,  Let us build our new Great Wall!  The peoples of China are in the most critical time,  Everybody must roar his defiance.  Arise! Arise!  Arise!  Millions of hearts with one mind,  Brave the enemy's gunfire, March on!  Brave the enemy's gunfire, March on!  March on! March on!  on! Japan’s National Anthems :  Japan’s National Anthems Kimigayo Kimigayo wa Chiyo ni yachiyo ni Sazareishi no Iwao to narite Koke no musu made “May Emperor’s reign last forever” May the reign of the Emperor continue for a thousand, nay, eight thousand generations and for the eternity that it takes for small pebbles to grow into a great rock and become covered with moss. China’s National Anthems :  China’s National Anthems March of the Volunteers Arise, Ye who refuse to be slaves!  With our very flesh and blood,  Let us build our new Great Wall!  The peoples of China are in the most critical time,  Everybody must roar his defiance.  Arise! Arise!  Arise!  Millions of hearts with one mind,  Brave the enemy's gunfire, March on!  Brave the enemy's gunfire, March on!  March on! March on!  on! Yiyongjun Jinxingqu Qilai! Buyuanzuo nulide renmen! Bawomende xierou,  zhucheng women xinde changcheng! Zhonghua minzu daole zuiweixiande shihou, meigeren beipozhe fachu zuihoude housheng. Qilai! Qilai! Qilai! Women wanzhongyixing, maozhe dirende paohuo qianjin! Maozhe dirende paohuo qianjin! Qianjin! Qianjin! Jin! Assessment: Anthem and Symbol:  Assessment: Anthem and Symbol 1. Based off the values you have developed, create a national anthem for you and your family. It must include a title and at least 5 lines. 2. Create a symbol, such as an exotic creature or animal, to represent your family. Describe why you chose this symbol and what it means. Slide51:  The lion represents valiant courage. The fleur de lis represents purity. The magnolia flower shows love of nature. The planet represent the importance of the world Assessment: Anthem and Symbol Example Symbol Anthem “Respect The World” When alone, act how you would like others to see you act. When with friends, act as you would on your best day. Be courageous and proud in all that you do. Respect nature and yourself. Be proud! Be courageous! Be adventurous! Explore your world so you can discover and learn from others. The world is your playground keep it safe.

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