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Early Civilizations

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Information about Early Civilizations

Published on March 18, 2008

Author: learningsmart

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Lecture slides on the characteristics of the earliest complex societies.
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The Early Civilizations How similar were the Early Civilizations? AP World History Week 2 Richard Smart Oakland Mills High School

Key Features from Period 1: 8000BCE – 600CE Development of agriculture and the beginning of societies. Creation of complex societies. Inter-regional trade Development of World Religions Isolation of Western Hemisphere

Development of agriculture and the beginning of societies.

Creation of complex societies.

Inter-regional trade

Development of World Religions

Isolation of Western Hemisphere

Society v Civilization v Complex Society Civilization = cultural group Urbanized Technological Advancements Division of labor Defined social structure Complex institutions Arts and Writing systems Civilization = value laden Complex Society = politically correct

Civilization = cultural group

Urbanized

Technological Advancements

Division of labor

Defined social structure

Complex institutions

Arts and Writing systems

Civilization = value laden

Complex Society = politically correct

Which civilizations? Ancient Egypt & Nubia NOT Greece & Rome Sumer/ Babylonia NOT Greece & Rome Harappa NOT Aryans/ Mauryans Shang NOT Zhou/ Qin/ Han Olmecs/ Chavin NOT Mayans/ Toltec/

Comparison Question: Compare and contrast the political, social and economic structures of TWO of the early civilizations in the following regions: Mesopotamia Egypt Indus Valley Yellow River Valley Mesoamerica and the Andes

Compare and contrast the political, social and economic structures of TWO of the early civilizations in the following regions:

Mesopotamia

Egypt

Indus Valley

Yellow River Valley

Mesoamerica and the Andes

Politics Urban Monarchies Military and technology Compare Cities form centers of government. Monarchies in Egypt, Mesopotamia and China Contrast Frequent invasions in Mesopotamia, fewer in Egypt and China. Maya city states and Egypt/Shang centralization

Urban

Monarchies

Military and technology

Compare

Cities form centers of government.

Monarchies in Egypt, Mesopotamia and China

Contrast

Frequent invasions in Mesopotamia, fewer in Egypt and China.

Maya city states and Egypt/Shang centralization

Society Patriarchal Social Stratification Religion Writing Comparison Cuneiform, Hieroglyphics, Mayan script, Chinese script Patriarchal societies in all regions – except sub-Saharan Africa Polytheism Contrast Role of women in Egypt and Mesopotamia

Patriarchal

Social Stratification

Religion

Writing

Comparison

Cuneiform, Hieroglyphics, Mayan script, Chinese script

Patriarchal societies in all regions – except sub-Saharan Africa

Polytheism

Contrast

Role of women in Egypt and Mesopotamia

Economy Agriculture Trade Metallurgy Comparison River valleys and irrigation Trade and technology Contrast Little trade in China Agriculture in Western and Eastern hemispheres

Agriculture

Trade

Metallurgy

Comparison

River valleys and irrigation

Trade and technology

Contrast

Little trade in China

Agriculture in Western and Eastern hemispheres

Discussion Questions Is it appropriate to use the same label (Early Civilizations) for each of these societies? Do you think we should reject the label “Civilization” for “Complex Societies”?

Is it appropriate to use the same label (Early Civilizations) for each of these societies?

Do you think we should reject the label “Civilization” for “Complex Societies”?

This week Read chapters 8 & 9 for quiz on Monday Prepare for Early Civ Essay – due 9/10 @Midnight on googledocs. Posting on Friday: Period 2: Bonnie, Jemi, Jasmine, Morgan Period 5: Lou, Leah Seth

Read chapters 8 & 9 for quiz on Monday

Prepare for Early Civ Essay – due 9/10 @Midnight on googledocs.

Posting on Friday:

Period 2: Bonnie, Jemi, Jasmine, Morgan

Period 5: Lou, Leah Seth

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