Published on March 1, 2014
E-WASTE: GENERATION, DANGER AND MANAGEMENT
WHAT IS E-WASTE? Electronic Waste (e-Waste) comprises of waste electronic/electrical goods which are not fit for their originally intended use. These include items such as computers, cellular phones, stereos, refrigerators, air conditioners, other consumer durables, etc. 2
THINGS TO CONSIDER • • • • • • • 3 What is E-Waste? E-Waste in India Categories and Components of E-Waste Dangers of E-Waste Stakeholders in E-Waste E-Waste Management in India Recommendations
WHY IS E-WASTE A PROBLEM? E-Waste poses a serious threat to human health and the environment. Rapid technological changes 4 Increased electronics purchase More E-Waste More Hazardous materials in landfills Increasing human health risks
GROWING ELECTRONIC INDUSTRY IN INDIA • Information and telecom fastest growing industry verticals • PC sales crossed 7.3 million units in 2007-08 growing 16%; installed base of over 25 million units • Consumer electronics market growing at 13-15% annually ; 120 million installed base of TVS • Cellular subscriber up by 96.86% over last year; Installed base to cross 300 million by 2010 5
E-WASTE GENERATION IN INDIA Level 1 Potential Annual e-Waste: 3,82,979 MT • of this Imports: 50K MT Level 2 Total e-Waste available for recycling and refurbishing: 14,4143 MT Level 3 6 e-Waste Processed:19K MT
CATEGORIES OF E-WASTE • • • • • • • • • 7 Household appliances (large and small) IT and Telecoms equipment Consumer equipment Lighting equipment Electrical and electronic tools Toys, leisure and sports equipment Medical devices Monitoring and control instruments Automatic dispensers
COMPONENTS OF E-WASTE • COMPONENTS CONSTITUENTS • Printed circuit boards Lead & cadmium • Cathode ray tubes (CRTs) Lead oxide & Cadmium • Switches & flat screen monitors Mercury • Computer batteries Cadmium • Capacitors and transformers Poly Chlorinated Bi-phenyls (PCB) • Printed circuit boards, plastic Brominated Flame Retardant casings cable • 8 Cable insulation/coating Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
DANGERS OF E-WASTE • • • • 9 Arsenic may disrupt cell communication and interfere with the triggers that cause cells to grow, possibly contributing to cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes if someone is exposed in chronic, low doses. Cadmium affects your body's ability to metabolize calcium, leading to bone pain and severely weakened, fragile bones. Chromium can cause skin irritation and rashes and is potentially carcinogenic. Copper can irritate the throat and lungs and affect the liver, kidneys and other body systems.
DANGERS OF E-WASTE • • • 10 Lead poisoning can cause a whole slew of health problems including the impairment of cognitive and verbal activity. Eventually, lead exposure can cause paralysis, coma and death. Nickel is carcinogenic in large doses. Silver probably won't hurt you, but handle it too frequently and you might come down with a case of argyria - a condition that permanently stains your skin a blue-gray shade.
FLOW OF E-WASTE 11
The E-waste centre of Agbogbloshie, Ghana, where electronic waste is burnt and disassembled with no safety or environmental considerations. 12
STAKEHOLDERS IN E-WASTE MANAGEMENT Almost everyone is a stakeholder Manufacturers Recyclers Suppliers EWaste Resellers End-users Aggregators 13 Collectors
E-WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA • E-waste recycling is presently concentrated in the informal (unorganized) sector • No organized collection system prevails • Operations are mostly illegal • Processes are highly polluting • Recycling operations engage in: • • 14 dismantling sale of dismantled parts • valuable resource recovery
BETTER OPTIONS FOR YOUR E-WASTE • • • • 15 Increase in sales price to take care of Total Life Cycle Cost Donation to schools, orphanage, charitable non-profit organisations Auctioning Sale to recyclers
BENEFITS OF RECYCLING • • • • 16 Metal recovery for future uses Conservation of natural resources Air and water pollution avoidance Reduction in amount of greenhouse gas emissions via manufacturing of new products
RECOMMENDATIONS • • • • 17 Legislation on safe disposal with assistance of governments Accompanying sales of new consumer electronics through process fees Encouraging genuine recyclers Manufacturers to take item back at end-of-life with incentives.
CONCLUSION • • E-Waste a ticking time bomb in developing countries, Nigeria inclusive India, as a major consumer of both new and used electronics products, needs to take an urgent look at E-Waste management via • • 18 Legislation (legal framework) Awareness creation at all levels of government
THANK YOU! 19
Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices. Used electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling ...
Electronic Waste Management. What Is E-Waste? E-waste is a popular, informal name for electronic products nearing the end of their "useful life ...
Landfill. According to the US EPA, more than 4.6 million tonnes of e-waste ended up in US landfills in 2000. Toxic chemicals in electronics products can ...
WELCOME . Welcome to the ewasteguide.info - a knowledge base for the sustainable recycling of e-Waste. This guide is developed as part of the "Global ...
Overview Electronic waste (e-waste) encompasses a wide range of discarded electronic devices such as computers, mp3 players, televisions and cell phones.
While accurate data on the amount of e-waste being exported from the U.S. are not available, the United States government is concerned that these exports ...
Only 12.5% of e-waste is currently recycled. For every 1 million cell phones that are recycled, 35,274 lbs of copper, 772 lbs of silver, 75 lbs of gold ...
Reduce; Reuse; Recycle; In the Community; Press Room; Customer Resources; Contact Us; E-waste. According to the California Integrated Waste Management ...
E-Waste, LLC is a Washington State certified E-Cycle Collector, Transporter, and Processor. Free Recycle of Television, Computer Monitors, Desktop ...
What is E-Waste? Defining E-Waste. E-waste, short for electronic waste, can be any outdated or obsolete appliance or electronic device found in offices ...