E-Learning: Old Wine, New Bottle?

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Information about E-Learning: Old Wine, New Bottle?

Published on March 21, 2009

Author: markbullen

Source: slideshare.net

E-Learning: Old Wine in a New Bottle? Mark Bullen Expo E-Learning, Barcelona March 20, 2009

Main Point E-Learning is not new history is important

E-Learning is not new

history is important

What is E-Learning?

Looking to the Past Much of what we think is new is not

Much of what we think is new is not

Looking to the Past John Dewey (1859-1952) Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Constructivism

John Dewey (1859-1952)

Jean Piaget (1896-1980)

Looking to the Past Learner-centered education Socrates Confucius

Learner-centered education

Looking to the Past E-learning and distance education Has its roots in distance education Dates back to the 1700s correspondence education Audiovisual devices - early 1900s Educational television - 1960s Effective course development model

E-learning and distance education

Has its roots in distance education

Dates back to the 1700s correspondence education

Audiovisual devices - early 1900s

Educational television - 1960s

Effective course development model

History: Pre-Internet Early online learning Computer-mediated Communication (CMC) Collaboration, knowledge construction Many-to-many communication, time and place independence Asynchronous text-based communication as a facilitator of collaboration, knowledge construction (Harasim, 1990; Harasim et al., 1995)

Early online learning

Computer-mediated Communication (CMC)

Collaboration, knowledge construction

Many-to-many communication, time and place independence

Asynchronous text-based communication as a facilitator of collaboration, knowledge construction

(Harasim, 1990; Harasim et al., 1995)

History: The Internet Era- Web 1.0 Internet, course management systems (CMS) changed our understanding of online learning CMS not about communication, collaboration, knowledge construction CMS about efficient distribution of content Teacher-centered Internet as a delivery mechanism

Internet, course management systems (CMS) changed our understanding of online learning

CMS not about communication, collaboration, knowledge construction

CMS about efficient distribution of content

Teacher-centered

Internet as a delivery mechanism

History: The Internet Era - Web 2.0 A return to the pre-Internet era? Architecture of presentation Architecture of participation

A return to the pre-Internet era?

Architecture of presentation

Architecture of participation

History: The Internet Era - Web 2.0 Harnessing the potential of easy to use tools Facilitating collaboration, production User-generated content Openness

Harnessing the potential of easy to use tools

Facilitating collaboration, production

User-generated content

Openness

E-Learning Today

E-Learning 10 years ago

Education in the New Millenium

E-Learning Today

E-Learning Today Dominant instructional design model information transmission supported by asynchronous online “discussion”

Dominant instructional design model

information transmission supported by asynchronous online “discussion”

Blogs

Wikis

Social Bookmarking

Virtual Worlds

… ..casting

Synchronous Communication Tools Web conferencing Instant messaging

Web conferencing

Instant messaging

E-Learning Today But are these tools changing the dominant instructional design paradigm? Online delivery remains primarily text-based, information delivery Constructivist, collaborative, online knowledge building community is rare Technology still largely being used to replicate earlier modes of teaching - the electronic classroom

But are these tools changing the dominant instructional design paradigm?

Online delivery remains primarily text-based, information delivery

Constructivist, collaborative, online knowledge building community is rare

Technology still largely being used to replicate earlier modes of teaching - the electronic classroom

The Future

The Future Radical change or status quo? Technology is changing Continuing development of Web 2.0 Learners are changing…we think

Radical change or status quo?

Technology is changing

Continuing development of Web 2.0

Learners are changing…we think

Learner Changes Net generation Born after 1982 Never know life without the Internet Characteristics Digitally literate Connected Impatient Experiential

Net generation

Born after 1982

Never know life without the Internet

Characteristics

Digitally literate

Connected

Impatient

Experiential

Learner Changes Characterstics of Net generation Social Team players Need for structure Visual and kinesthic Need for interactivity Community minded

Characterstics of Net generation

Social

Team players

Need for structure

Visual and kinesthic

Need for interactivity

Community minded

Learner Changes How accurate is this portrayal? Different social and technological context BCIT research

How accurate is this portrayal?

Different social and technological context

BCIT research

Learning 2.0 Focus on learning processes Focus on communication & interaction Co-developed with learners & instructors shaping the design Customized/personalized Focus on knowledge & understanding Learner-paced

Focus on learning processes

Focus on communication & interaction

Co-developed with learners & instructors shaping the design

Customized/personalized

Focus on knowledge & understanding

Learner-paced

Learning 2.0 Collaborative: one to many, many to many Feedback rich

Collaborative: one to many, many to many

Feedback rich

Technology 2.0 Less reliance on enterprise solutions The web as platform Easy to use, free, often open, tools

Less reliance on enterprise solutions

The web as platform

Easy to use, free, often open, tools

Personal Learning Environments “ A facility for an individual to access, aggregate, configure and manipulate digital artifacts of their ongoing learning experiences.” - Ron Lubensky http://members.optusnet.com.au/rlubensky/2006/12/present-and-future-of-personal-learning.html

Concluding Comments E-learning is not as new as we think Current e-learning practice is fairly conservative Changing technology, changing learners Heterogeneity of learners Check assumptions Technology potential not always realized

E-learning is not as new as we think

Current e-learning practice is fairly conservative

Changing technology, changing learners

Heterogeneity of learners

Check assumptions

Technology potential not always realized

References Bates, A.W. (2000). Managing Technological Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Bereiter, C. & Scardamelia, M. Catching the Third Wave. Queen's Education Letter, Issue #2: Integrating ICT in Teaching and Learning Bullen, M. & Janes, D. (Eds.)(2007). Making the Transition to E-Learning: Strategies and Issues. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing. Harasim, L. (1990). Online Education: An Environment for Collaboration and Intellectual Amplifcation. In L. Harasim (Ed.) , Online Education: Perspectives on a New Environment ( pp. 39-64). New York: Praeger. Harasim, L., Hiltz, S., Teles, L., & Turoff, M. (1995). Learning Networks: A Field Guide to Teaching and Learning Online . Cambridge MA: MIT Press. Oblinger, D.G. & Oblinger, J.L. (2005). Educating the Net Generation. Available at http://www.educause.edu/EducatingtheNetGeneration/ Sinclair, G., McClarin, M. & Griffin, M.J. (2006). E-Learning and Beyond. Discussion paper prepared as part of the Campus 2020 process for the Ministry of Advance Education. Zemsky , R. & Massy, W.F. (2004). Thwarted Innovation: What Happened to E-learning and Why. The Learning Alliance.

Bates, A.W. (2000). Managing Technological Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bereiter, C. & Scardamelia, M. Catching the Third Wave. Queen's Education Letter, Issue #2: Integrating ICT in Teaching and Learning

Bullen, M. & Janes, D. (Eds.)(2007). Making the Transition to E-Learning: Strategies and Issues. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.

Harasim, L. (1990). Online Education: An Environment for Collaboration and Intellectual Amplifcation. In L. Harasim (Ed.) , Online Education: Perspectives on a New Environment ( pp. 39-64). New York: Praeger.

Harasim, L., Hiltz, S., Teles, L., & Turoff, M. (1995). Learning Networks: A Field Guide to Teaching and Learning Online . Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Oblinger, D.G. & Oblinger, J.L. (2005). Educating the Net Generation. Available at http://www.educause.edu/EducatingtheNetGeneration/

Sinclair, G., McClarin, M. & Griffin, M.J. (2006). E-Learning and Beyond. Discussion paper prepared as part of the Campus 2020 process for the Ministry of Advance Education.

Zemsky , R. & Massy, W.F. (2004). Thwarted Innovation: What Happened to E-learning and Why. The Learning Alliance.

For Further Information Mark Bullen [email_address] http://www.markbullen.ca http://www.bcit.ca/ltc

Mark Bullen

[email_address]

http://www.markbullen.ca

http://www.bcit.ca/ltc

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