DWP Summer School 2008

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Information about DWP Summer School 2008

Published on September 18, 2008

Author: johnhudson

Source: slideshare.net

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Talk delivered to the DWP Summer School on 'The Changing Context of Welfare'

The Changing Context of Welfare Kevin Hall & John Hudson Department of Social Policy & Social Work, University of York

Session Overview Reflect on Changing Context of Welfare Major Shifts Since Beveridge & Keynes Demographic Economic Political Technological Social Policy Shaped by this Context

Reflect on Changing Context of Welfare

Major Shifts Since Beveridge & Keynes

Demographic

Economic

Political

Technological

Social Policy Shaped by this Context

Demographic Change Aging Population Declining Fertility Rate Rising Migration Fewer ‘Traditional’ Family Households

Aging Population

Declining Fertility Rate

Rising Migration

Fewer ‘Traditional’ Family Households

Demographic Change Source: ONS

Demographic Change Source: OECD

Demographic Change Source: ONS a Age demographic predictions – UK to 2050

Demographic Change Source: ONS

Demographic Change Source: ONS

Demographic Change Source: ONS

Labour Market Change Unemployment Rising Part Time Employment Rising Female Participation

Unemployment

Rising Part Time Employment

Rising Female Participation

Labour Market Change Source: OECD

Labour Market Change Source: OECD

Labour Market Change Source: ONS

Economic Change Post-Industrial Economy Knowledge Economy Globalisation

Post-Industrial Economy

Knowledge Economy

Globalisation

Economic Change Source: ONS

Economic Change

Economic Change Source: OECD

Economic Change

Political Change A Hollowing Out of the State? Transnational Governance Sub-National Governance Agencification Mixed Economy of Welfare Steering Rather Than Rowing? Wicked Issues?

A Hollowing Out of the State?

Transnational Governance

Sub-National Governance

Agencification

Mixed Economy of Welfare

Steering Rather Than Rowing?

Wicked Issues?

Political Change A repositioning of social policy needed? Competition State replaces Welfare State? Globalisation = low taxation and spending Knowledge Economy = invest in skills Technological Change = flexible labour Fits New Labour Rhetoric

A repositioning of social policy needed?

Competition State replaces Welfare State?

Globalisation = low taxation and spending

Knowledge Economy = invest in skills

Technological Change = flexible labour

Fits New Labour Rhetoric

Political Change “ Beveridge, like most of his contemporaries, was committed to full employment, delivered by Keynesian demand management. The assumption of enduring full employment held good during the 1940s and 1950s . . . [but] began to come apart as early as the 1970s. . . . Today the assumption has completely broken down. Globalisation has placed a premium on workers with the skills and knowledge to adapt to advancing technology.” Tony Blair

“ Beveridge, like most of his contemporaries, was committed to full employment, delivered by Keynesian demand management. The assumption of enduring full employment held good during the 1940s and 1950s . . . [but] began to come apart as early as the 1970s. . . . Today the assumption has completely broken down. Globalisation has placed a premium on workers with the skills and knowledge to adapt to advancing technology.”

Tony Blair

Political Change “… [the third way] looks to develop a wide-ranging supply side policy, which seeks to reconcile economic growth mechanisms with structural reform of the welfare state [because] in the information economy, human (and) social capital becomes central to economic success…” Anthony Giddens

“… [the third way] looks to develop a wide-ranging supply side policy, which seeks to reconcile economic growth mechanisms with structural reform of the welfare state [because] in the information economy, human (and) social capital becomes central to economic success…”

Anthony Giddens

Political Change “… in a global marketplace characterised by ever more fierce competition, and unparalleled waves of technological change, we need - more than ever before - to be able to respond to change…” Gordon Brown

“… in a global marketplace characterised by ever more fierce competition, and unparalleled waves of technological change, we need - more than ever before - to be able to respond to change…”

Gordon Brown

Political Change “… in a globalised world, we simply cannot afford the high price of large numbers of people on benefits… we need people in work, making the best use of their talents and helping us compete” Gordon Brown

“… in a globalised world, we simply cannot afford the high price of large numbers of people on benefits… we need people in work, making the best use of their talents and helping us compete”

Gordon Brown

Challenging Change Powerful notions of change Danger of deterministic thinking Structure - Agency ‘ Big Mac’ model Mutually constitutive There are choices

Powerful notions of change

Danger of deterministic thinking

Structure - Agency

‘ Big Mac’ model

Mutually constitutive

There are choices

Challenging Change “ [Beware of the Poverty of Historicism in which]… the most reasonable attitude to adopt is so to adjust one’s system of values as to make it conform with the impending changes…” “ [in my view, such] belief in historical destiny is sheer superstition” Karl Popper, 1957

“ [Beware of the Poverty of Historicism in which]… the most reasonable attitude to adopt is so to adjust one’s system of values as to make it conform with the impending changes…”

“ [in my view, such] belief in historical destiny is sheer superstition”

Karl Popper, 1957

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