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DRAW x01 Lesson 08 NAR e

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Information about DRAW x01 Lesson 08 NAR e
Education

Published on March 16, 2014

Author: aravere

Source: authorstream.com

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PowerPoint Presentation: DRAWING ESSENTIALS Teacher: Timothy Chambers Lesson 08 Angles PowerPoint Presentation: Hi! Welcome to class! Are you an angler? If not, you will be after today’s lesson. Did you “ remember me ”? Was AS7 challenging, more difficult than you anticipated? Or is your visual memory sharp as a tack? I encourage you to practice memory drawing whenever and wherever you can. Here’s our agenda for today: We’ll pay a visit to my studio and see what’s shakin ’. Today’s lesson: Angles: Essential Tool of the Artist Visit to IMOFA This week’s assignment, AS8: Guardian Angles PowerPoint Presentation: As I’ve mentioned before, my favorite types of portraits are outdoor portraits. It allows me to combine what I love most: painting people and painting outdoors. Here I am working on what is called a “color study” for a portrait to honor a retired professor. It was only a Head & Shoulders, so no socks needed.  ART LIFE PowerPoint Presentation: Here’s my palette. I love the colors I can achieve using oil paint. Instead of using a brush I am using a palette knife. It takes some getting used to, but it is much quicker to clean than a brush, and this comes in handy when you’re working fast in the summer heat. ART LIFE PowerPoint Presentation: …and the completed portrait. ART LIFE Craven Williams By Timothy Chambers 24”x20” Oil on linen ANGLES: ANGLES an·gler /ˈ aNGglər / noun: a person who fishes with a rod and line: “a carp angler” noun: an artist who uses angles and their positions to create an accurate drawing. We’ll go with definition #2. Ready to be an angler? LESSON Angles: Angles We’ve been learning all along tools required of good draftsmanship: 1) values, 2) mass, 3) shading, and 4) a good memory. This week we’re going to learn another great tool: angles . Much of drawing is putting things in their right place . Really that’s the crux of it all. Just as a doctor has her tools (x-rays, stethoscopes, etc.) to make good decisions, artists have theirs. Unlike a doctor’s tools, our tool for the day is hardly expensive. A long pencil is all you need to see angles. So grab your pencils and let me show you how to use your pencil to make you an angler. LESSON PowerPoint Presentation: Seeing angles is a tool that can not only make your drawings look good, but they can save you a lot of time studying and trying to understand perspective . For hundreds of years artists tried to create a sense of space, making things recede into the distance, but not quite getting it, as you can see here. Reconstruction_of_the Temple_of_Jerusalem , 15 th c. Old St Paul's Cathedral, 1614 PowerPoint Presentation: Here are a couple more attempts by artist Giovanni di Paolo in the mid 15 th century. Close, and beautiful, but not quite accurate. Notice that all the people are the same size, despite being farther away (going back in distance). St Jerome Appearing to St Augustine, 1456 Paradise, 1445 PowerPoint Presentation: It wasn’t until the 1500’s during the Renaissance in Italy that artists began to explore and understand the use perspective. It was Florentine architect Fillipo Brunelleschi who first used it. Raphael used 1-point perspective in this painting. Raphael, School of Athens, 1508 PowerPoint Presentation: I’ll be teaching you how you can achieve accurate perspective in your drawings without mathematics, engineering, or building a contraption like Albrecht Durer’s (though, it does look like a pretty cool contraption, if you ask me). Albrecht Durer, Perspective Machine, 1538 PowerPoint Presentation: Instead of establishing vanishing points and drawing objects in one-, two- or three-point perspective, as shown below, you’ll be able to use angles. You’re gonna be an angler before class is over. PowerPoint Presentation: Q : What is the purpose of seeing angles? A : To help us place an object in the right position. We can compare an edge’s position to a vertical or horizontal line. To draw these pictures, you could study perspective , but you don’t need to…if you know how to see angles. Grab a long pencil. Let’s compare the angles in the following pictures… PowerPoint Presentation: Looking at the images I’ll be showing you, I want you to close one eye, hold your pencil out in front of you, line it up with your object, rotating it to match the angle of an object. Notice- I’m holding my brush vertically, horizontally, and obliquely . Vertical comparison Horizontal comparison Oblique comparison Always look past your pencil/brush with one eye closed! PowerPoint Presentation: When using your pencil (or brush, knitting needle, shish-kabob stick, etc.) to check angles, follow these steps: Extend your arm out straight Close one eye Look with the open eye to compare angles in your subject to your artwork. PowerPoint Presentation: Take your pencil and compare, as I’m doing below, to see what oblique angles you find. Remember, close one eye and look w the other… PowerPoint Presentation: How about straight up and down (vertical) edges? Is the stable straight? How about the fence posts? Horizontal, vertical, and 45° are your standard. PowerPoint Presentation: Now try seeing how things compare to a level horizontal line. For example, take note of how much the fence deviates from being perfectly level. PowerPoint Presentation: Use your pencil to compare the angles of your object to the angles in your drawing. You see here that first I looked at my object, then at my painting. I’m comparing. PowerPoint Presentation: Okay…what’s next? NOW…you take what you’ve seen and apply it to your drawing. As you lay in your sketch, compare your angles against what you’re observing. PowerPoint Presentation: Compare the angles- horizontal, vertical, and oblique- you see in your subject with your drawing. If they don’t ‘match’ then adjust your drawing (easier than adjusting the barn). See how I am comparing my subject with my drawing? PowerPoint Presentation: How do the angles of the blocks compare in this study? Is there a perfect 45° angle? ~ Painting by Catherine Law~ PowerPoint Presentation: A bit more challenging- let’s try seeing the angles in this still-life painting… Painting by Sebastian Capella , a former teacher of mine. PowerPoint Presentation: How would you now capture the angles like Gustave Caillebotte did in his painting La Place de l'Europe ? PowerPoint Presentation: Are you getting the hang of it? If so, you’re the owner of a great tool. And on your way to being a great angler! You can use a pencil, a brush, a piece of charcoal, a knitting needle, a shish-kabob stick, a…well, you get the idea! PowerPoint Presentation: Good lesson. Let’s walk down to our favorite museum. While enjoying the paintings, try and see the different angles. Ask yourself “How much does that edge vary from being totally straight horizontally or vertically, or from a 45° angle?” You can learn a LOT studying the masters when you visit a museum. You can walk out of a museum a better artist…if you study and use your mind while viewing the great works of the masters. IMOFA PowerPoint Presentation: Wind from the Sea- Andrew Wyeth 1948 PowerPoint Presentation: Last Supper- Leonardo daVinci PowerPoint Presentation: Beaching the Bou by Joaquin Sorolla 8x13, 1903 PowerPoint Presentation: Breezing Up by Winslow Homer PowerPoint Presentation: Star Ballet by Edgar Degas 1878 PowerPoint Presentation: Trope L'Oil w Dead Birds by Frans Cuyck van Myerop , 1689 PowerPoint Presentation: Oxen in Repose by John Singer Sargent PowerPoint Presentation: Still-life by Henry Hensche PowerPoint Presentation: Oh Pears Exclamark by Margaret Mcwethy A few drawing tips:: A few drawing tips: Use an H pencil for your initial sketch (your lay-in) so that your sketch is light , not staining the paper. For a finer, stronger line, use a sharpened pencil. For a soft, weaker line, a dull point serves well. Holding your arm straight out, elbow not bent, is essential when comparing things. Compare angles to straight up, horizontal, and 45°. See how much an edge’s angle deviates from these standards. If shading, use a 6B for shading, and save your darkest shades for where it’s needed. Hold the pencil at the opposite end from the drawing tip for more control. Ask yourself “Where are my darkest and lightest shades in what I’m drawing?” Avoid erasing; You can go back over your pencil to lighten your drawing with your kneaded eraser. Just remember to press , don’t rub, it on the paper. Also roll a point on it for precision erasing. Dancer Adjusting Her Slipper by Edgar Degas 1873 PowerPoint Presentation: Assignment: Guardian Angle PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Assignment Goals : to identify angles and their relationship to each other. Materials needed : 4H & 6B pencils, sharpener, sketchbook/paper, scene and/or attached print. AS8 Guidelines: You have the choice of drawing from life or using one of the photos provided. Do the drawing approximately 8” x 10”. No tracing! From life: Find something that gives you the opportunity to do a nice drawing of what you learned about angles. Ideas include a room, porch, still-life, landscape. From a photo : From the supplied photos, select your favorite master painting and set your print or monitor 2-3’ away from you. Crop/compose similar to the original painting. Continued… PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Continued… AS8 Guidelines: Lay-in your drawing by lightly (w 4H) sketching where you think the big shapes should go. Develop the drawing as much as you want , but you’re only required to do a careful line sketch, as the focus is on recording the angles you see. Experienced students can use this as an opportunity to produce a nice drawing featuring good shading, values, masses, and edges . Would you like me to demonstrate? PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Let’s walk through an example: PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Let’s walk through an example: PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Let’s walk through an example: PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Let’s walk through an example: PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Let’s walk through an example: PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Keep it simple…just follow these steps: 1. Sketch in the big shapes 2. Get the big angles. 3. Mark the shadow angles. 4. Shade in the big shadows. 5. Shade, compare values. 6. Get final values, darks. PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Assignment Goals : to identify angles and their relationship to each other. Materials needed : 4H & 6B pencils, sharpener, sketchbook/paper, scene and/or attached print. AS8 Guidelines: You have the choice of drawing from life or using one of the photos provided. Do the drawing approximately 8” x 10”. No tracing! From life: Find something that gives you the opportunity to do a nice drawing of what you learned about angles. Ideas include a room, porch, still-life, landscape. From a photo : From the supplied photos, select your favorite master painting and set your print or monitor 2-3’ away from you. Crop/compose similar to the original painting. Lay-in your drawing by lightly (w 4H) sketching where you think the big shapes should go. Continued… PowerPoint Presentation: AS 8 : Guardian anglE Continued… AS8 Guidelines: Develop the drawing as much as you want , but you’re only required to do a careful line sketch, as the focus is on recording the angles you see. Experienced students can use this as an opportunity to produce a nice drawing featuring good shading, values, masses, and edges. Review. Step away from your drawing, then come back and see if there's anything that jumps out to you as being 'off'. Get someone else’s opinion, too. Shoot/Scan and edit your sketch so it looks as good as your drawing. Save your edited image as a jpg image only, naming it exactly as “FirstName-LastName,AS8” (e.g. “Tim-Chambers,AS8”). Submit by Sunday evening (GMT-5 / New York time). PowerPoint Presentation: DRAWING ESSENTIALS Teacher: Timothy Chambers End of Lesson 08

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