Dowry System

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Information about Dowry System

Published on October 27, 2016

Author: VibhanshuSingh5


1. a social evil…….

2. • Dowry is a gift from the bride’s family to the groom’s family upon marriage • Dowries may be in the form of :  Goods (clothing or jewelry)  Assets (livestock, land, or cash)

3.  We can date the history of Dowry as far back as 1700 BC when the Code of Hammurabi was written.  This code stated that in the death of her husband or through divorce, the wife would receive back the Dowry that she paid to him.

4.  The initial role of dowry was to financially provide for the bride because she was moving into a joint family with the groom.  Women were not allowed to work and earn a living outside of the home, so dowry was suppose to serve as her income and her contribution to the home.

5.  The family of the bride gives the groom and/or his family dowry to ensure that their daughter will be well taken care of.  Dowry is a form of assurance that the bride will be well treated. If not, it can be revoked.  In the event that the husband dies, the wife will be financially stable through inheritance of the dowry she paid.

6. Factors that favours this social evil …  Early Marriages for girls  Hypergamy  Educational status  Patriarchy  Economic prosperity

7. Consequences… • Late marriages for girls • Lowering of women's status • Breakdown of marriage • Increase of immorality • Suicide • Impoverishment

8.  According to the Indian National Crime Records Bureau(NCRB) there were approx. 6787 reported dowry deaths in India in 2005.  The NCRB also reported that there were 2,276 female suicides related to dowry in 2006 which amounts to 6 deaths per day.

9.  As times have changed, Dowry is now considered a way for a groom and his family to extort money and gifts from the bride and her family.  Families often go broke because they are unable to supply the Dowry to the groom.  Majority of these women come from poor to middle class homes in which their parents save for years in order to provide Dowry to the groom.

10.  In July1961, Indian officials created The Dowry Prohibition Act which prohibits the demand, receipt, or payment of dowry in marriage.  In this act, any gifts viewed as a precondition for marriage were punishable and illegal  Punishment for receiving or giving dowry is imprisonment up to 6 years and/or a fine of 5000 Rupees or the amount of dowry which was paid (whichever is more).

11.  Despite the Dowry Prohibition Act and Indian Penal Code(304b) dowry and dowry death are still occurring in India.  Although dowry death maybe investigated convictions are slim to none.  The accused party states that their” beloved bride” is dead as a result of a kitchen fire.

12. In a democratic country Where are they Lackingtheir rights ?

13.  Women Organizations, legal amendments, media support , special police cells for women and protest are all ways people are trying to end the Dowry system in India.  Despite their attempts dowry still continues to be a social norm in the Indian society, thus dowry deaths continue to rise.

14. CONCLUSION… It is certainly a social evil and it should be eliminated from our society

15. …_.Thank you._...

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