Documenting Force Class Notes

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Information about Documenting Force Class Notes

Published on March 6, 2014

Author: ChrisStCyr1



Notes from class presented by Jon Blum of Force Concepts ( about documenting police use of force. Presentation intends to protect law enforcement by properly documenting what really happened to show the police officer acted reasonably and in compliance with case and statutory laws.

Documenting Force Jon Blum, Force Concepts 3-4 March 2014, Newport Vermont jon <at> Two most important police skills Reading comprehension Writing Class Objectives 1. Understand Policy-Training-Report Cycle 2. Write strategically to emphasize report contents 3. Write reports consistently using quality details 4. Review reports for clarity, accuracy and completeness Course Goals - Focus on one item at a time - Organize notes & facts - Remember critical details - Communicate consistently - Evaluate reports and writing skills If it is vague, it is open to interpretation! UOF Life Cycle Policy Report Page 1 of 11 Training

Policy driven by case law statutory law community standards Force = 4th Amendment seizure Reasonable Mechanical application Imminent threat No requirement to be least intrusive Two force types Deadly Non-deadly Offenders resist...Officers control 3 Concepts Target Tool Time Offender selects the tool to resist the officer who selects a tool to control offender selects... 3 Considerations People He She Objects Fixed Unfixed Places Indoors Page 2 of 11

Outdoors Contains people and objects 2 types of information Data = non perishable DOB Address Details = perishable Notes Supers should periodically review officer notes and compare to reports Organization top binding or spiral Page # Chronology creates Consistency = Credibility Location Names Dates Times (sub) Topic (color) Drawing Distances Dimensions Relationships Comparisons Acronyms Codes Page 3 of 11 Case # Name

Symbols Legend Codes NJ = Im not going back to jail UA = Officer said, “You are under arrest.” HBB = Turn around and put your hands behind your back Just examples. Potential for many others. Use consistently. Four Cs for writing UOF reports Clear Concise Captivate Connect The report White space Format BOLD = Bullet Statements Italics = When you or offenders speaks. Use “ “ marks. Underline = Lone word in text for emphasis. Sections Use headers Use consistent individualized sections Radio Call Observations on Arrival Examples Emphasis Three (3) times Bold Also [ ] and < > and { }. Page 4 of 11

Day Two Marketing Research Decision Theory = people make poor decision under stress Choice overload = people default to what they know best Uses = officers will do the same in UOF situation Reports Places Describe from several perspectives One detail time, tool, target Conduct walk through & take notes Drawing or sketch Contain Fixed objects Non fixed objects Include details about target, tool, time People Traffic stop place details Road type Speed limit Time of day Weather Visibility Distance to travel lane Traffic volume Details Page 5 of 11

Type Indoor Outdoor Entrances Exits Levels Condition Time of day Weather Surfaces Visibility Sounds Details related to balance and vision Dimensions Use diagrams Quantify sizes Describe shapes Tell distances Quantify I-91 vs Roadway Cold vs -20 degrees From a distance vs about 15 feet away Observe watched (witness for crime) vs Example = less than 50 (<50) feet People Data Describe details Conditions Page 6 of 11

Age, race, gender, weight, height What they look like in their birthday suit Objects Clothing, consumables, personal property, brands, colors, sizes, logos Self advertising, Fighter, Shooter etc Lack of clothing in cold Knowledge, Skills, Experience Occupation, hobbies, interests Past history Criminal & MV record Actions Behaviors, movement, statements, Compliance Bang vs beat Body language Threat assessments Pre-attack indicators and warnings Staring Shifts weight Sweating Removes clothing Object violence Heavy breathing Offenders Condition considerations Age +/- ten years, Weight +/- 20 # Waist +/- 2” Height +/-6” Odors Impaired offenders resist more often than sober offenders Pain tolerance Page 7 of 11

Communication Questions Profanity Negates Threatens Derogatory Statements Italics and “ “ Target Offender uses force Target may change target during attack Location Distance Tools May use more than one Features Use actions Number used Number of attacks Effectiveness KSE Time 1/10th of a second = life or death Describe actions offender took to reduce attack time Describe actions offender took to increase officer control time Start force statements with what offender did Offender did x with y. I believed he was going to xxx. Officer Conditions Same as offender Emphasize differences in size age weight etc. Page 8 of 11

Objects Types (tool belt etc) Condition Dimensions My vest duty gear add yada yada Clothing Uniform Undercover Plain clothes Damage to objects Type of damage Location of damage Cost to repair or replace KSE Brag about background Describe short comings v offender Actions Activities Patrol Detail etc Duty Assignment BOLOs Dispatch details Nothing is ROUTINE screaming v yelling One may = more than one The = only one Communication Before During After UOF incendent Types Page 9 of 11

Announce Instruct Explain Officers are forced to use force Reasonable belief related to Time Tool Target See note book Objects Type Fixed Unfixed Features Functions Primary Purpose Weapons Condition Colors Sounds Moving parts Material Symbols & markings Dimensions Quantify locations Quantify size & weight Describe movement Emphasize distances Use diagrams to illustrate distance and relationships Vehicle Page 10 of 11

Car v truck Size Seats N people Notes Use format shown earlier Buckets Dispatch info Place Diagram Place Objects (legend) Offender Condition Officer Condition Offender Objects Officer Objects Offender Communication Officer Communication Offender Actions Officer Actions Notes by Christopher St. Cyr. Page 11 of 11

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