Published on March 9, 2014
Diseases in Female Reproductive System
Fibrocystic Breast Disease
DEFINITION CAUSES SYMPTOMS TREATMENT A condition in which a woman has painful lumps in her breasts. exact cause is not known breast tenderness or sensitivity Apply heat or ice on the breast is believed that hormones made in the ovaries can make a woman's breasts feel swollen, lumpy, or painful before or during menstruation each month one or more lumps in your breasts, which may or may not be painful Take over-thecounter medicine such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen nipple discharge Wear a well-fitting or sports bra *Breast lump: A localized swelling, knot, bump, bulge or protuberance in the .
DEFINITION CAUSES Painful menstruation caused by high levels of prostaglandins in the uterus SYMPTOMS TREATMENT Nausea- the feeling of having an urge to vomit. - It is often called being sick to your stomach Acupuncture can reduce pain Vomiting herbs and supplements Headache heating pad Irritability
DEFINITION CAUSES SYMPTOMS TREATMENT uncontrolled, involuntary spasm of the muscles surrounding the vagina It is a response to past sexual trauma Women with this disorder are not able to have sexual intercourse without pain counseling a complex disorder because it is both a psychological and physical condition. fear of pain can trigger a painful muscle spasm Some women may also experience pain during pelvic exams or while inserting a tampon. education Sometimes no obvious cause can be found muscle exercises
DEFINITION CAUSES A breast pain Hormonal changes associated with menstrual cycle is most often associated with menstrual periods Trauma to the breast Arthritis in the chest cavity and neck SYMPTOMS TREATMENT Pain in the breast area, ranging from minor discomfort to severe pain Topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) may reduce the pain associated with mastalgia
DEFINITION CAUSES SYMPTOMS TREATMENT is a problem with the lining of the uterus (womb) Menstrual tissue backs up through the fallopian tubes and spills into the abdomen Pelvic Pain – There is usually severe menstrual cramping, either just before or during menses hormone therapy to lower your body's estrogen levels will shrink the implants and may reduce pain. when you have your menstrual period every month, the lining (endometrial tissue) of the uterus will come out in the menstrual flow. Immune system may allow the tissue to implant and develop into endometriosis Infertility – Some experts estimate that between 30%-50% of women with endometriosis are infertile If you want to become pregnant, having surgery, infertility treatment, or both may help. Lymph system may carry endometrial cells from the uterus Fatigue Certain cells on abdominal organs turn into endometrial tissue Bloating
Amenorrhea • Absence of menstruation. Symptoms of Amenorrhea primary amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in girls by age 18 or older. secondary amenorrhea is three or more missed periods in a row.
Causes Dramatic weight loss, particularly from drastic diets, eating disorders including Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa , or excessive exercise Dramatic weight gain or morbid obesity Malnourishment
Treatment • • • Congenital birth defect-may be correctable by surgery Pituitary tumor-treatments usually involve surgery or radiation therapy or medicine Hormonal irregularity-hormone therapy, including oral contraceptives, may cause menstruation to begin
Menorrhagia • Excessive amt of mensal blood; period longer than usual. Symptoms dragging pain in the lower abdomen menstruation are irregular Causes a hormonal disorder, such as hypothyroidism using an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). Treatment o Treatment depends on the cause, your age,
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease PID • Inflammation of female reproductive organs usually result of sexually transmitted infection STD usually. Symptoms • Pain in the pelvic region. • Fever. • An abnormal vaginal discharge. • Heavy or prolonged periods • Pain during sexual intercourse.
Causes Young and sexually active women are most likely to be the causes. sexually transmitted infection (STI) Treatment laparoscopy may be performed to view the abdominal and pelvic cavities. antibiotics, Painkillers
Atrophic Vaginitis • Atrophic vaginitis is characterized by redness, itching, and dryness of the vagina. Symptoms Vaginal dryness Vaginal itching or burning Vaginal pain Problems with sexual intimacy because of painful intercourse
Causes After menopause, when the ovaries stop making estrogen, the walls of the vagina become thin, and vaginal secretions are lessened. Treatment Oral estrogen therapy Estrogen-containing vaginalcreams or vaginal suppositories
Female Reproductive System Diseases. Endometriosis – a condition involving colonization of the abdominal/pelvic cavity with islands of endometrial tissue.
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