Discovering the European Route of Thermal Heritage - Alberto D'Alessandro

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Information about Discovering the European Route of Thermal Heritage - Alberto D'Alessandro
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Published on November 15, 2012

Author: CTEslideshare

Source: slideshare.net

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E.H.T.T.A was created in Brussels on December 10th 2009, and it is a European network of thermal towns which possess a distinctive pre-nineteenth century architectural heritage and mineral
waters recognized throughout Europe.
These towns have developed architectural elements that are specific to their history, tradition, environment, and specific to health and leisure customers and visitors. Aware of their exceptional heritage and their continuing importance as health resorts and centres of wellbeing, the thermal spa-members of E.H.T.T.A have joined together, in order to develop a policy of tourist development based on a strategy of promoting this rich cultural heritage. E.H.T.T.A. believes that Europe's unique thermal heritage deserve to be better known.

Discovering the EuropeanRoute of Thermal Heritage 25 towns in Europe Culture - Art - Architecture - History

2 Bath Find The European Route of Historic Thermal Towns on Facebook www.facebook.com/thermaltravels

indexThe European Historic Cauterets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 15Thermal Towns Enghien-les-Bains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 16Association (EHTTA) Evian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 4 et 5 Vichy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 18The European Cultural Le Mont-Dore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 19Route of Historic La Bourboule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 20Thermal Towns Royat - Chamalières . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 21............................. p6 Châtel-Guyon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 22 The Route of Spa Towns of theSPAIN Massif Central . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 23Ourense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 7 ITALYUNITED KINGDOM Salsomaggiore Terme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 24Bath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 8 Acqui Terme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 25 3BELGIUM Fiuggi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 26Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 9 Bagni-di-Lucca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 27 Montecatini Terme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 28HUNGARYBudapest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 10 GERMANY Baden-Baden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 29CZECH REPUBLIC Wiesbaden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 30Karlovy Vary Region (Karlovy Vary, Marianské ‘ ~Lazne, Frantiskovy Lazne) . . . . . . . . . . . . p 11 ‘ ‘ CROATIA Daruvar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 31ROMANIATechirghiol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 12 Map of the European Cultural Route ofFRANCE Historic Thermal TownsBagnoles-de-l’Orne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 32Luchon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p 14 Brochure financed by EHTTA members with support from the Council of Europe. Lazne, Frantiskovy Lazne), La Bourboule, Le Mont-Dore, Luchon, Montecatini Terme, Ourense, Royat - Chamalières, Salsomaggiore Terme, Spa, Techirghiol, Vichy, Wies- baden, The Route of Spa Towns in the Massif Central. Tourism offices of Spa, Vichy, Royat - Chamalières. Theatre Baden-Baden interior, Gerd Eichmann. Friedrichsbad Baden-Baden, Kur & Tourismus GmbH. museum Frieder Burda, Burda media Service. Lichtentaler Allee, Markus Brunsing.City of Fiuggi - Daniele Baldassarre’s archive, Bath - M. Cardy. Map : Sett Communication. Spa - B. Lorquet. Vichy - E. Lattes, C. Design / Production: Sett Communication. Photographic library: Cities of Acqui Camus, J. Mondière, L. Plancke. La Route des Villes d’Eaux du Massif Central, J. Terme, Baden-Baden, Bagnoles de l’Orne, Bath, Budapest, Cauterets, Châtel-Guyon, Damase, Wiesbaden - O. Hebel, Wiesbaden Marketing GmbH, Rainer Hackenberg, Daruvar, Enghien les Bains, Evian, Fiuggi, Karlovy Vary Région (Karlovy Vary, Marianske Mattiaqua, PhoVoir, Regie Terme Acqui.

EHTTA European unique characteristics of Euro- and the support of European Historical pean thermal towns in order to programmes. Also by creating get financial help to restore the projects and obtaining a quality Thermal thermal heritage, label for a European Historical Towns Thermal Towns Route, >To help develop thermal towns Association and save their cultural heritage >Encourage, promote, create by sharing experiences and best and develop research, analysis, E.H.T.T.A was created in practice on a European scale, studies and statistics in the Brussels on December 10th 2009, thermal field regarding history, and it is a European network of >Set up laws, policies with the E.U and inventories especially artistic and cultural heritage as thermal towns which possess a well as legislative aspects linked distinctive pre-nineteenth century dedicated to the protection of the thermal architectural heritage. to that heritage, architectural heritage and mineral waters recognized throughout Also raising public awareness >Value and protect this archi-4 Europe. through projects and networks tecture and artistic heritage and These towns have developed archi- about the possibilities offered by include it in all thermal town tectural elements that are specific to legislation, policies and resources development policies. their history, tradition, environment, which exist at a European, natio- >Build a European tourism and specific to health and leisure nal or local level in terms product to promote the network customers and visitors. of protection, safeguarding, on an international level bringing Aware of their exceptional restoration and promotion of economic benefits to allow Euro- heritage and their continuing thermal towns’ architecture and pean thermal towns to develop. importance as health resorts and artistic heritage. centres of wellbeing, the thermal The members spa-members of E.H.T.T.A To reach its E.H.T.T.A. has three catego- have joined together, in order objectives, ries of membership: founder to develop a policy of tourist E.H.T.T.A will members, active members and development based on a strategy >Re-enforce cooperation associate members. of promoting this rich cultural between spa towns and thermal Members, except associate mem- heritage. E.H.T.T.A. believes that establishments on a European bers, have to be established tradi- Europe’s unique thermal heritage scale, by exchanging best tional thermal towns that with time deserve to be better known. practice between cultural and have developed activities related social-economic administrations, to hydrotherapy and develop- Objectives of E.H.T.T.A >Promote the network on a ments which have brought wider >To achieve recognition from the European scale in close collabo- benefits to the town regarding its European Union concerning the ration with European authorities architecture, tourism and culture.

foundermembers- Vichy (France)- Acqui Terme (Italy)- Bath (United Kingdom) Bath Vichy Ourense- Ourense (Spain)- Salsomaggiore Terme (Italy)- Spa (Belgium) Salsomaggiore Terme Spa Acqui Terme active members E.H.T.T.A and the For E.H.T.T.A. - Le Mont-Dore (France) Council of Europe subscriptions or -  oyat - Chamalières (France) R The European Thermal Towns membership - Châtel-Guyon (France) Route is now one of the Contact Secretariat of - La Bourboule (France) 29 Cultural Routes recognized the President E.H.T.T.A. -  agnoles-de-l’Orne (France) B by the Council of Europe, and 8 avenue Anatole France 5 - Luchon (France) has the same status as the famous 63130 ROYAT - Cauterets (France) St James’ Way to Santiago de FRANCE -  nghien-les-Bains (France) E Compostela. E-mail: contact@ehtta.eu - Evian (France) Web site: www.ehtta.eu -  aden-Baden (Germany) B - Wiesbaden (Germany) - Fiuggi (Italy) www.facebook.com/thermaltravels The EHTTA members at - Bagni-di-Lucca (Italy) Thermae Bath Spa in Bath -  ontecatini Terme (Italy) M (United Kingdom). -  arlovy Vary Region K (Czech Republic) - Techirghiol (Romania) - Budapest (Hungary) - Daruvar (Croatia) associate member -  he Route of Spa Towns of the T Massif Central (France)

the European Route of Historic Thermal Towns certification of the Council of answer to cultural demands, Europe in 2010. The countries -  proactive policy facing needs A concerned are Germany, Belgium, of new cultural tourism’s trends Croatia, France, Spain, Hungary, based on active visits. Italy, Czech Republic, Romania > More information: The spas of Western and and the United Kingdom. contact@ehtta.eu - www.ehtta.eu Central Europe have long been frequented by the political and The lively development of the high cultural elite, creating centres of society of thermal towns brought the European Institute cultural exchanges in numerous a perspective to the European of Cultural Routes cities and it could be said that interpretation of societies which Since 1998 the Council of Europe they launched health tourism as succeeded each other in thermal has entrusted the European a prelude to modern tourism. cities. Joseph II, after his stay in Institute of Cultural Routes (EICR) These celebrities endorsed 1781, named Spa the “Café of with the implementation of its6 these resorts and gave birth to a Europe”. The Association plans cultural routes programme. The great success which generated to benefit from some the best Institute, located in the Centre prestigious hotels and a series of Congress Centers of the member Culturel de Rencontre Abbaye leisure activities, with people going cities to launch a kind of “Davos de Neumünster in Luxembourg, from the first casinos to musical European Cultural Forum” travel- houses the programme’s extensive theatres, to landscape gardens and ling from one city to another along information and documentary promenades where tourists could the year. These encounters with resources. It provides advice and show off the latest fashions. personalities who exist in a shared assistance to routes networks It was not until the 18th century up European history and memory, as and welcomes project managers, to the beginning of 20th century well as in the future of common researchers and students. that the most well-known thermal European identity should attract various categories of visitors and The EICR also provides training sites were built, where new medical bring to life, in a democratic and and expertise for routes managers, treatments were developed based contemporary approach, the very national governments and regions, on the bath, the absorption of water origin of cultural Grand Tour. and cooperates with the European and the manipulation of the body. Commission. One of its principal This is the story, but also the tasks is to carry out regular eva- The actions of EHTTA have to shared heritage and memory that luation of the compliance of the be based on four pillars: the European Historical Thermal cultural routes with the Council of - A diversification of wellbeing Towns Association (EHTTA) Europe’s criteria. offers, decided to promote and valorize - An interactive valorization of > More information: when a European cultural route thermal heritage, institut@culture-routes.lu which received the prestigious - A contemporary and innovative www.culture-routes.lu

n spain n  ww.ourense.travel w www.ourense.es ourense n  prings: Las Burgas, S Chavasqueira, Tinteiro, Muiño da Veiga, Outariz y Burga de CanedoKnown as the Thermal Capital of can enjoy Burgas’ thermal water inits region (Galiza) Ourense was the heart of the old quarter of thefounded by Romans almost two city, surrounded by the history andthousand years ago. The Romans art that permeate this medieval citygave the city the name Aqui Au- of Ourense. And also two spariensis, meaning “golden waters”, centers, inspired by Japanese ar-acknowledging the underground chitecture and culture are available.ocean that exists beneath their The thermal springs are effective infeet. Calpurnia Abana, wife of a number of medical conditions:a Roman patrician settled in this rheumatism, skin problems, diges-primitive village, dedicated an offe- tives, muscular, etc.ring to show her gratitude to thenymphs that inhabited these hotsprings, as it testifies on an altar 7that was found in the surroundingof the fountain of the Burgas, theoldest testimony of our thermalpatrimony. Nowadays, Ourense,with more than five million litresof water running from several hot Chavasqueira Thermalsprings every day, has become the Centre Zen inspiration for 21stsecond city of Europe in quantity century thermalism. Inspired by Japanese traditional architectureof thermal water. The main thermal Chavasqueira provides a uniquearea is located at the heart of the thermal experience for all yourcity; Burgas thermal springs were senses - Sauna, massages andsupposed to be the place where beauty treatments in a cozy and exclusive atmosphere.Roman settlement was located ori-ginally. Actually, due to archaeolo-gical works in the area, this theoryhas been almost discarded, butthese fountains are still the most Muiño da veiga. At first glance seems to be natural spot in the Miño riverbanks,important symbol of the city, but actually Muiño da Veiga thermalcontinually oozing thermal water complex holds three open air pools wellat 67ºC. Recently in this area an equiped and surrounded by nature. Well-open swimming pool has been liked because they are less crowde this is the hottest spring in Ourense, at almostopened, so tourists and citizens 70°C.

n england n  ww.visitbath.co.uk w www.thermaebathspa.com Bath www.romanbaths.co.uk n  prings: Cross Spring, Hetling S Spring, Sacred Spring in the Roman Baths Bath’s Royal Crescent is one of the Historic Bath has been a spiri- stunning architectural treasures that help tual and healing centre, drawing to make the whole city so special! visitors from England and beyond to drink and bathe in the thermal mineral water for 2000 years. The entire City of Bath was inscribed in 1987 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in recognition of its unique Roman and Georgian The rooftop pool at Thermae Bath Spa has stunning views (18th Century) built heritage. With over the city and to the hills sur- its new spa facilities, Bath is once rounding Bath, and is a relaxing again a major destination for Ther- and convivial place. mal Spa tourism.8 Three springs rise in the centre of Bath, with mineral-rich healing waters that are around 45°C - the only hot waters in the UK. The Roman Baths and the Pump Room form one complex, based around the Roman sacred spring, dedica- ted to the god Sulis-Minerva. Ta- king water from two other springs, the Thermae Bath Spa complex, The Pump Room at Bath - an elegant skilfully blends 18th Century and very English architecture with modern design destination for allowing people to enjoy relaxing afternoon tea and a in the thermal waters in the centre glass of spa water, accompanied by a of Bath. A rooftop pool, steam piano trio. rooms and a suite of treatment rooms based around the historic Hot Bath form part of a popular modern spa facility. The Roman Baths at Bath bring history to life - helping to understand how the Romans used the complex to bathe and to worship the goddess of the spring, Sulis Minerva.

n Belgium n www.spatourisme.be Spa n  prings: Pouhon Pierre le S Grand, Barisart, Pouhon Prince de Condé, Tonnelet, Sauve- nière, Groesbeek, GéronstèreSituated on the fringes of theArdennes, far from the main roadsand waterways, Spa did not seemto deserve any special fate. Itsfame has however largely trans-cended our borders, so much thatin the English language it has givenits name to all thermal resorts. The new Thermes of Spa - the place to feelToday, Spa is a modern city with good. Be carried by water to feel wonderful, asmajor potential. The third millen- if reborn. Enjoy pure pleasure and relaxation in the new baths.nium brings along an array of pro-jects and visions, such as the newthermal centre and its panoramicfunicular connecting it to the city 9centre, the important investmentsmade in the gaming rooms of theCasino, the development andmodernization of the concert andtheatre halls and rooms, and the Spa has always been a place ofconstant and sustained investments relaxation and leisure.in the hotel sector. Spa is known as the mother of spa towns. With the oldest Casino in theThrough time and history, Spa has world, she is also known as themanaged to keep its authenticity queen of gaming.and preserve its natural environ-ment. Spa will continue to followits calling, intimately linking tourism Spa, "pearl of the Ardennes" setwith hydrotherapy and wellness, in the green heart of Belgiumbut also with automobile sports, Spa, "the Café of Europe", whereculture, music and, of course, gas- the rich and famous used to meet. Spa, with its many sources and resourcestronomy. is dedicated to the development of high-standards of tourism.Spa meets all the challenges ofa tourist resort with internationalpotential.

n hungary n www.spabudapest.hu n  prings: Széchenyi Bath - 40°C, S Budapest Gellért Bath -38°C, Lukács Thermal Bath - 40°C, Rudas Thermal Bath - 42°C Király Thermal Bath - 40°C Budapest is the biggest and most exciting city of Central and Eas- tern Europe, and its most popular attractions are undoubtedly the baths which are known all over the world. Although the Hungarian capi- Outdoor pools at the tal city has officially carried the Széchenyi Bath, the largest title of spa city only for 80 years bath complex in Budapest. now, its unique qualities had been The wave pool of the Art-Nouveau recognised even 2000 years ago The thermal pool at the Gellért Bath is decorated with the Gellért Bath, opened by the legionaries of the Roman in 1918. original pyro-granite Empire which had even reached ornamentation.10 Budapest. The healing waters of our historical spas, namely the Széchenyi, the Gellért, the Rudas, the Király and the Lukács Spa are also effective in healing locomotor, Turkish pool of circulatory diseases and women’s the Király Bath health problems. that presents the Turkish bath The Széchenyi Thermal Bath built culture in its at the beginning of the 20th cen- original beauty. tury is the biggest bath complex in both Budapest and Europe witch echoes of Roman, Greek and Eastern bath culture as well. Those who expect recovery from healing waters, who seek ease in The temperature of the pools at a heat wave and need to rest, or the 500-year-old Rudas Thermal those who visit one of the baths Bath is extremely high. in the capital city to do sports, will find just what they need here in The Lukács Spa is a favourite Budapest. meeting place of the leading intellectuals, artists and politicians of Budapest.

Karlovy n Czech republic n  ww.kr-karlovarsky.cz wVary Region Karlovy Vary, Marianske Lazne, www.medispa.cz n Springs: 12 hot thermal springs  (Vridlo = 73°C), about next Frantiskovy Lazne 250 cold sources, peat, gasThe Karlovy Vary Region is loca-ted in the westernmost part of the Karlovy Vary - MarketCzech Republic’s historical region colonnade and Castle Towerof Bohemia and is world famous Did you know that...for its traditional spa therapy, ...The town of Karlovy Varywhich has been developed with hosts an “A” Category inter- national film festival, one oflong term experience and scienti- 13 in the whole world.fic methods and has been appliedby top therapists, highly qualifieddoctors, balneologists and profes- Marianske Lazne - Colonnadesional medical staff. Did you know that... ...in 1897 the future British KingThe Astonishing Spa Centres of Edward VII came to Mariánské Lázne and he must have fallen inKarlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázne love with the spa since he paid itFrantiškovy Lázne, Jáchymov and a total of nine visits... 11Lázne Kynžvart (the last two arenot members of EHTTA) aresurrounded by breathtaking lands-cape, providing a vast array of Marianske Lazne - Balneo.natural healing resources that are Swimming poolrepresented by thermal and cold in the Thermal Hotelwaters, mud and peat, gas and sui- and Dvorak´s Parktable weather conditions. colonnade.Spa Treatment is indicated forthose who suffer from digestiveand metabolic disorders, locomo-tive organ disorders, kidney andurinary tract problems, air pas-sages, circulation problems, gyne-cological illnesses, nervous anddermal disorders, or are seeking tofollow up oncology treatment. Frantiskovy Lazne - Promenade. Did you know that... ...Františkovy Lázne has always been very popular among figures in contemporary politics and culture such as Chancellor Metternich, Ludwig van Beethoven, and J. Strauss. The legend is J. W. Goethe, and his unbeliavable thirty-three visits…

n romania Techirghiol n www.primariatechirghiol.ro n  prings: Techirghiol Lake S Dobrogea, once owned by the the construction of many bathing Romans, was an important cradle establishments and hotels. After for establishing the Romanian World War I, in 1920, Techirghiol people as a whole, long before the town started to become a very Roman emperor Traian conquered popular tourist attraction due to its Dacia and long after the reign of famous therapeutic mud and salty the last Roman emperor ceased. water. Even in that period, the Romanians Since 2000 Saint Mary’s Monas- knew the therapeutic benefits of tery has been a modern base of the mud. The Techirghiol area was treatment with salt water from Lake in any case easily reached, being Techirghiol : herbal baths, mas- on the well-travelled imperial road sage, physiotherapy, ergonomic leading from Tomis (Constanta) bicycle, sauna.12 to Callatis (Mangalia). The coins found in Techirgiol during this period of time attest to the Roman presence and the trading going on between them and the rural. The first written information relating to the therapeutic effects of the lake and its mud is dated 1854. The ottoman commander Said Pasa Saint Mary’s Monastery visits the military base at Techirghiol where he took several mud baths, as the local people advised. Sur- prisingly, he noticed miraculous changes to his ailing arm. Techirghiol was marked for the first time on the country’s map in 1893, but developed steadily after 1912, establishing itself as a spa town. In 1891, Hagi Pandele opened its doors, the first hotel and Cold baths establishment in the town. In 1900 the extraction of thera- Techirghiol Lake peutic mud began and this led to

Bagnoles- n france de-l’orne n www.bagnolesdelorne.comBagnoles-de-l’Orne was built on asite chosen for its calm natural envi-ronment, with a hot spring renow-ned for its healing properties, theRésidence du Lac and a Casinofor dancing, set in a park surroun-ding a lake, were the birth place of View on the lakemodern tourism and the spa town. and the casino.This has allowed the town to keepa rare, authentic architectural heri-tage, and all this in a miraculouslyunspoiled site. The architects hadto use local materials: granite andsandstone, slate, tiles and wood 13for balconies and it is called Quar-tier Belle Epoque. The spa centre ofAt the turn of the 21th century, Ba- Bagnoles de l’Orne.gnoles de l’Orne is the ideal town The church of Sacréto spend your holidays in one of Coeur.the 17 hotels or in the pleasantcampsite. A wide range of activi-ties is offered: Casino, equestriancentres, golf course, tennis courts,outdoor swimming pool… To en-tertain you, there is a Street Thea-tre Festival throughout the summer,the marvellous Fireworks in July &August, Horses Racing and manyother events.Come to try the SPA Centre, hirea bike to visit the green countrysideand the floral display in the town. The Town Hall located in the chateau of Bagnoles de l’Orne.

n france Luchon n  ww.thermes-luchon.fr w www.luchon- bien-être.fr n  prings: Pré, Reine S Luchon, 2000 years of Thermalism with the construction of the current The hyperthermales of Luchon are building which was modernized in most sulphurous in the Pyrenees 2010 with a total restoration. and 4 pathologies are treated: Res- Luchon has an extraordinary ther- piratory ORL tract, rheumatology, mal architecture from the 19th fibromyalgia, nicotinic weaning. century with a multiplicity of styles Our noble title dates back to and influences. These architectural the time of the Romans who first splendors can be seen through Al- developed the town, then called lée d’Etigny as well as the Casino ILIXON (goddess of water), and with its Italian theatre and Tunisian dug the first thermal swimming pools. lounge. In the XVIII century, Jacques Bar- rau, consul of the town, submitted a14 project to Antoine Megret, Baron d’Etigny the superintendent of the Let yourself be surprised province to revive the fortunes of by this magical place, take advantage of the Luchon. In 1759, the Baron d’Eti- Chambert Thermal Bath hot springs, and their gny visited the city and fell under renowned thermal quali- its charm. He constructed a grand ties whilst relaxing in a and elegant building to house the 34°C pool equipped with bubble beds, hydrojets Thermal Baths, and a new road, and swan-neck showers. the Allée d’Etigny, to connect the The light shows will relax Thermal Baths to the town. you and the renovated and Luchon began to host the great elegant area will make you forget the stress and of this world and reached its peak strains of everyday life. of popularity in the 19th century Theatre with the thermal baths and the Pyrénéisme craze. It welcomed the children of Louis XIV, son of Napoleon III, Empress Eugénie and Tsar of Russia. The Vaporarium is the one and only natural hammam in Europe,a magical The reputation of Luchon was place to discover. Go through the sub- thus made and the Thermal Baths terranean caves to take a real natural of Luchon developed. Vapora- vapor bath, where the hot springs, rium, a natural hammam, unique which leak through walls, create a soft humid heat between 38°C and 42°C. in Europe, was further developed

n france cauterets n www.cauterets.com n  prings: César, Mahourat SCauterets, Grand par Nature During the 20th century, theThe story of the famous Cauterets thermal spa clientele again madegoes back to Gallic Roman times. Cauterets one of the first resorts inEver since then, the natural baths France and in Europe, with an elite The railway station athave been a popular place for medical personnel, new thermal Cauterets waswellbeing, meeting and valuable baths and high quality hotels. opened in 1901.exchange. The baths at Cauterets Nowadays, Cauterets has a new It’s classifiedbecame famous in the sixteenth spa the "Bains du Rocher" which as an "Historic Monument" butcentury. During the renaissance, offers well-being. The Tourist Of- is a bus stationCauterets was in fashion, and was fice also provides entertainment for nowadays.the top resort in the Pyrénées. The the whole family during all the year.treatments used consisted of baths, The Griffon’s center ofdrinks, but also of mud, used in the rheumatology was developed intreatment of rheumatism. During 1932 and renewed in 1986 wirh a 15the 17 th Century, Cauterets deve- modern architectural integrated intoloped a series of activities related a rocky landscape.to hydrotherapy (accommodation,transportation, patient care, shop-ping, etc).During the end of the 19th century,at the same time as hydrotherapy, a Cesar’s thermal bath was constructed in 1844. It was renewed in 1997 and 2005 by taking intonew taste for nature and its disco- account its classic neo architecture by keeping thevery was growing. High society set wide triangular front wall, supported by strongup in Cauterets in order to "take marble columns and a marble grand staircase.the waters" and to make ascentswith the help of mountains guides. The Bains du Rocher thermolu-At this time, Cauterets developed dique centre welcome you all year in the city centre, with its outside lagoonits architecture like the Cesar integrated into a natural area.thermal bath, the Great Hoteld’Angleterre, the ContinentalHotel, and the Casino. Cauteretsbecame a world renowned resortwith its new methods of treatmentreputation in otorhinolaryngology The Cauterets Cityand rheumatology. Hall was constructed in 1880.

enghien- n france les-Bains n www.ot-enghienlesbains.fr n  prings: Coquil S At only 7 miles from Paris, En- Veillard a new concession for 60 The Spark is the wellness ghien-les-Bains is a town in the years in order to establish baths. centre of the Barrière group, northern suburbs of Paris, France. Thermal baths began to thrive dedicated to beauty, energy and serenity. Spread over two floors A casino, the only casino in the and the water started to be sold in the heart of a multi-activity vicinity of Paris, is located on the in Paris. In 1821, the first genuine centre, the Spark was designed shores of the lake. thermal facilities were created by to both soothe you. The town was developed in the Péligot, who acquired the use late nineteenth century around the of the Lake. He found a second scenic 110 acre lake and it is this spring, built a second tower-tank expanse of water that helps give and formed a new front for the the area its unique atmosphere and thermal centre that he finished. character. After the recovery of Louis XVIII Enghien-les-Bains has been regu- from a leg ulcer thanks to the Cotte16 larly used as a source of sulphu- spring - renamed the King’s spring rated water. The first of its springs - Enghien became fashionable in was discovered in 1766 by Louis Parisian society. Cotte, a priest from the Order of Oratorians. This spring ran into a Wellness and relaxation at the lake. “smelly stream” emerging under the overflow from the “Montmorenci” The first Casino in France, comple- pond, the present day Enghien- tely renovated in 2005, to suggest les-Bains Lake. At the beginning the original atmosphere of the game, of the 20th Century, the thermal of fun and entertainment offers you site comprised around ten springs. a unique experience based on the free movement between two distinct Eight of these springs were offi- levels of game. cially recognized for public use by a decree on 18th July 1865. The origin of the sulphurated waters at Enghien-les-Bains is due to its geo- Today Enghien-les-Bains is the logical specificities. only spa in the Ile-de-France, and the water sulfide deposit In 1772, the Prince of Condé discovered two centuries ago granted concession of the spring is still used regularly. for four years to a pharmacist of Paris, Louis Guillaume Le Veillard, already owner of the waters of Passy. In 1799, Condé gave Le

n france Evian n www.eviantourism.com n  ources : Cachat, Cordeliers SIn 1790, all the benefits of Evian’s Resembling amineral water were discovered for natural amphitheatrethe first time. It marked the start rising high aboveof the town’s rise to prominence the lake, Evian offers a magnificentwhich reached its apogee with the environment.Belle Epoque.The Cachat spring - formerlyknown as the Saint Catherinefountain - is the most famous of themany natural sources in Evian. Built The historic thermal baths couldin 1903, at the same time as the cater for over 1200 treatments and werepump room opposite, the spring open from May to September. This building renamed Palais Lumière wasruns all year at a constant tempe- reopened in 2006.rature of 11.6 °C. In the pedestrian 17heart of Evian, the Cachat pumproom was created in 1903. It is anArt Nouveau master piece. FromMay to September, the pumproom hosts an exhibition of pro- Everyone can takeducts available under the Evian some fresh mineralbrand. water at any time at the spring.Built originally as a spa between1900 and 1902, the Palais Lumièreis a fine example of the genre. To-day, it fulfills a new role as a cultu-ral and convention centre, hostingexhibitions and a media library. Designed as a "water temple", this pavilion in wood and glass is topped by a cupola of glazed tiles and lit by large semi-circular stained glass windows with plant patterns.

n france vichy n www.vichy-tourisme.com n  prings: The 5 main springs are S Célestins, Chomel, Grande Grille, Hôpital, Lucas Throughout Vichy’s history (first known as Aquis Calidis), its wa- ters hare acquired a quasi-miracu- lous reputation, attracting celebri- ties such as Madame de Sévigné, Victoire and Adélaïde daughters of Louis XV, the Duchesse d’An- goulême or the mother of Napo- The Grand Casino is an emblematic building of the Second Empire in Vichy (second half of the 19th century). léon I. The boom years took place from 1861 with the 5 visits of Emperor Napoléon III. His visit was fol- lowed by a major development18 (landscaped parks, broad streets and boulevards, chalets and Napoleon III historic feast each year in May, a Shopping in the Fer-à-Cheval houses, Grand Casino...). district extending the wrought iron tribute paid by Vichy to The Belle Epoque marks the its pygmalion. covered gallery of the parc des Sources (first half of the 20th century). second golden age in Vichy: the Parc and Hall des Sources was en- Bow window villas in circled by a covered wrought iron Alquié Street show, the British gallery, the great Opera house and influence in Vichy (second half the oriental style Grand Etablisse- of the 19th century). ment Thermal were built, the town reaching its apogee in the 1930s. The neo-Byzantine Today, visitors to Vichy discover dome of the Thermes a harmonious blend of lovely Les Dômes, known as the Grand établissement buildings in a setting of greenery. thermal (beginning of Byzantine, Moorish, Venetian, the 20th century). Neo-Gothic… a hybrid blend of rich and contrasting styles, an eclectic architecture which amazes and delights visitors and takes them into another world.

n france Le n www.cc-massifdusancy.fr n  prings: Les Chanteurs - 42°C, S Mont-dore César, Pigeon, Ramond, Madeleine, Boyer, Bertrand 38 - 44°CSituated at 1 050 m above the sea stimulate the immune system per-level, in the valley of the Upper manently. These spas also haveDordogne, in the heart of the a soothing and relaxing effect onnatural park of the Auvergne vol- pain. The thermal gas improves thecanoes, at the foot of the Puy de peripheral blood circulation.Sancy (1886 m), Le Mont-Dore,1 421 inhabitants, is certainly themost mountainous spa town in theAuvergne region.The healing properties of MontDore’s thermal waters were knownin ancient times. Neglected in the Thermal baths: listed in part as a historic monument, this is wonderful architecture inMiddle Ages, the healing waters the Neo-Byzantine style. Framework in theopined a renewed interest in the style of that by Gustave Eiffel, vast rooms 19eighteenth century and especially with painted ceilings, columns, domes, rosethe nineteenth century, after 1815. windows, stained glass, marble statues and mosaics, vestiges of the Roman baths, frescosCertainly, the determination and from the XIX th century.the work of several men, includingMichel Bertrand, Water Inspectorin Mont-Dore, changed the placeinto an international spa townwitch hosted politicians, artists andmembers of royal families.The spa became the heart ofthe future town of Mont-Dore.Hotels, luxury hotels, casino, buil- Le Mont-Doredings, new villas and public buil-dings were then built.The thermal waters of Mont-Dore, Ancient Lerich in silica (the richest in France), Sarciron-Rainaldycarbon-gaseous, chloride-sodium Palace, 1907bicarbonate, gush out from eightsprings at temperatures between Capucin funicular: a his-36°C and 44°C. They strengthen toric monument, the oldest electric funicular in Francethe respiratory mucosa that inhi- (constructed in 1898)bit the diffusion of allergens and Altitude : 1300m.

La n france n www.ville-labourboule.com Bourboule n  prings: Perriere (56°C) S n  ltitude : 850m A A tourist resort, congress centre tition of geometrical figures made Façade and roof of the Great and spa town, La Bourboule is of ochre-coloured scales, topped Thermal Baths - Lion’s head built along the Dordogne river, by a luxuriant decoration of flowers Zinc - antefix of a fish-scale dome with all the charm of the Belle and aquatic volutes listed in the neo-byzantine style. Epoque, offering a wide variety of additional inventory of historic shops and many green areas. monuments. - The Villas and luxury hotels. Architectural heritage, proof of the rich spa history - The Great Thermal Baths: Wit- ness of the golden age in La Bour- boule, the monumental establish- ment is a vast quadrilateral topped, at each corner, with a neo-Byzan-20 tin-style dome, covered with scales made of zinc. - Town Hall: a former casino, known as the Cariatides in refe- rence to the Greek goddesses. Inside, the grand staircase and very ornate pediments on the doors Garland of flowers of are crowned with canvas paintings the façade of the ancient (1893). And at the first floor there Rozier pâtisserie mosaic 1920. is a Italian theatre. Façade Trumeau - Casino Chardon: a majestic buil- of the Ambassadeurs ding, result of several construction painting. schemes. The art-deco style, geo- metric decor is reminiscent of orien- tal calligraphy. - Georges-Clemenceau boule- vard: large esplanades, terraces, façades from the art-deco, neo- classic and baroque eras, turrets and watchtowers in the troubadour style - The Cake shop Rozier: Its art deco frontage is a curious feature. Casino Chardon and caryatid of the The shop is composed of a repe- ancient Casino, now the Town Hall.

n france ROYAT n  ww. w tourisme-royat-chamalieres.comCHAMALIÈRES n Springs: Auraline (37°C),  César (22°C), Eugénie(33°C), Saint-Mart (29°C)Although it has been a spa town Pavillon entrance (1912).for centuries, Royat - Chamalières In every direction, you will beowes its present position as the astounded by the rich decorativeforemost Spa Station in Europe style of the different hotels andfor the treatment of cardiovascu- large bourgeois houses.lar diseases and rheumatology tothe quality of its medical teams,to its modern care equipment, its Pavillon Majestic, build in 1912, it was aninnovation and its programme of annex of the Grand Hôtel & Majestic Palace.research. The spa hall built in 1856Royat is built on the hillsides of the by Agis Ledru.valley of the Tiretaine and displaysa deliciously baroque charm. Royat- Chamalières, a famous spa resort, 21began it’s expansion in 1850. Itwas inspired by the ConstantinBasilica in Rome.A visit from Napoleon III andEmpress Eugénie, followed by thearrival of the railway, contributedto the development of this excep- Previously a centre for spa treatments, the Sainttional spa town, known for it’s lei- Mart Pavillon has undergone an impressive restorationsure and relaxation. and has been transformed to accommodate a permanent thermalism exhibition.In 1880, the town developedaround the spa treatment centres, Why not spend a relaxing momenthotels, furnished accommodation discussing withand the casino were all constructed. Hortense, a unique character who will carryStrolling through the spa park, you you back to the heydaycan discover the gallo-roman ther- of thermalism?mal edifice ruins, the neoclassicalarchitecture of the ‘buvette’ (drin-king area) and the Thermal Baths,as well as the stupendous orna- The Royatonic thermoludic centre, in themental mosaic at the Saint-Mart heart of the thermal park, offers relaxation, fitness, and wellness in the open air or within its majestic wooden-domed structure.

CHÂTEL- n france n www.chatel-guyon.fr GUYON

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