Discovering Hermeneutics - The Basics

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Information about Discovering Hermeneutics - The Basics
Spiritual-Inspirational

Published on March 23, 2014

Author: cgarland

Source: authorstream.com

Discovering Hermeneutics: The Basics: Benefits, Context and Building Blocks of Meaning Discovering Hermeneutics Hermeneutics: The Basics: Hermeneutics: The Basics Benefits of Bible Study: Psalm 19:7-11 What is effective Bible Study? Effective Bible study is the art of analyzing the parts of the Bible, the synthesizing of these parts into an organized understanding, and the application of that understanding. Analysis is the examination of the parts, synthesis is the correlating of the truths gleaned during analysis, and application is the living out of the truths. Hermeneutics: The Basics: Hermeneutics: The Basics During analysis we make observations and gain revelation. This process is often called exegesis. During synthesis we make an interpretation and develop a theology. After we apply what we have learned, we become more like Christ. PowerPoint Presentation: Analysis Synthesis Application Hermeneutics: The Basics: Hermeneutics: The Basics Problems with Bible Study: Confluence and Gaps Building Blocks of Bible literature: the word, sentence, verse, chapter, book, and group of books What is hermeneutics? “Hermeneutics is both an art and a science. It is a science in that it can reduce interpretation within limits to a set of rules; it is an art in that not infrequently elements in the text escape easy treatment by rules.”—Bernard Ramm Context: When it comes to Meaning, Context is Everything Context Hermeneutics: Building Blocks: Hermeneutics: Building Blocks Context Principle - Context establishes meaning. Immediate context (micro) has greater influence on the meaning of a word than distant context (macro). Immediate context includes the phrase, sentence, passage, book, and books by the same author. Distant context includes books in the same Testament, books in the other Testament and even use by the early church fathers (patristics). Hermeneutics: Building Blocks: Hermeneutics: Building Blocks A rule of thumb is: a text out of context is a pretext for a proof text . In other words, pay careful attention to the context before using a proof text. Hermeneutics: Building Blocks: Hermeneutics: Building Blocks Example: Mormons teach that human beings exist prior to conception (cf. Doctrine and Covenants 93:23, 29). But can this be proven from the Bible? Mormons use three verses in the Bible in particular to teach this: Jeremiah 1:5, Acts 17:26-29, and Hebrews 12:9. Let’s look at each one. Hermeneutics: Building Blocks: Hermeneutics: Building Blocks While Jeremiah 1:5 could allow for a premortal existence, it does not say this explicitly. It could also mean the standard Christian interpretation that God foreknew Jeremiah and was expressing His support in calling Jeremiah. Although Acts 17:26-29 uses the phrase “we are God’s offspring,” it doesn’t follow that we had a premortal existence. It simply means that we were made in His image, not the image of idols. Finally, Hebrews 12:9 refers to “the Father of our spirits” and simply means that God is the creator, not the premortal procreator, of us. Hermeneutics: Building Blocks: Hermeneutics: Building Blocks Here is another example of taking a meaning out of context. After the service, a little boy told the pastor: “When I grow up, I’m going to give you some money.” “Well, thank you” the pastor replied, “but why?” “Because my daddy says you’re one of the poorest preachers we’ve ever had.” Bible Words: Words are the Building Blocks of Meaning Bible Words Hermeneutics: Building Blocks: Hermeneutics: Building Blocks Bible words are the fundamental building blocks of meaning. God gave His Word through the language and frame of reference of various men of different ages (He. 1:1). When interpreting words: When you study words, avoid the “It’s Greek to Me” and “Instant Grammar Scholar” attitudes. Although the Bible languages are intricate, they yield many revelations to the careful observer. Repeated words, words used for emphasis, or words in a series or progression often yield great rewards from careful word studies. Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words Examples: Two Commonly Known Greek Words Each man should give what he has decided in his heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.—2 Corinthians 9:7 (NIV) I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. —Romans 1:16 (NIV) Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words What are the Greek words italicized? “Hilaron” and “Dunamis” (transliterated) What do these words mean? Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words In both 2 Corinthians 9:7 and Romans 1:16 the English word no longer has any connection with the actual meaning of the word in the Bible context. “Hilaron” means cheerful, not hilarious. “Dunamis” means power, not dynamite. No dynamite existed when Paul wrote this! Backwards Principle - It is a fallacy to impose the present day meanings of words on ancient Greek words. Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words Strong’s Lexicon 2431 ἱλαρός [ hilaros /hil·ar·os/] adj. From the same as 2436; …AV translates as “cheerful” once. 1 cheerful, joyous, prompt to do anything. BAGD ἱλαρός, ά, όν … cheerful, glad, merry of…—Of persons…one who gives cheerfully, gladly 2 Cor 9:7. Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words Law of Plain Sense - “When the plain sense of Scripture makes common sense , seek no other sense ; therefore, take every word at its primary, ordinary, usual, literary meaning unless the facts of the context indicates otherwise.”—Irving Jensen Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words Example For prophecy, a preacher emphasized the importance of getting a “rhema” or spoken, revelatory Word, as opposed to just having the “logos” or written Word. Is this based on good hermeneutics? Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words Let’s test this: Acts 15:27 “Therefore we are sending Judas and Silas to confirm by word of mouth what we are writing.” διὰ   λόγου   ἀπαγγέλλοντας . dia   logou   apangelontas   through word telling.   Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words 2 Corinthians 10:10 For some say, “His letters are weighty and forceful, but in person he is unimpressive and his speaking amounts to nothing.” ὁ   λόγος   ἐξουθενημένος …   ho logos ezouthenamenos the word having been despised…   Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words 1 Cor. 12:8 “To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit…” λόγος   σοφίας … λόγος   γνώσεως … logos sophia logos gnoseos word of wisdom… word of knowledge… Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words The popular assertion that “logos” is merely the written Word grossly oversimplifies its use and purpose. Kevin Brotton commented in the Paraclete , “By pressing a distinction between rhema and logos the proponents of rhema teaching on ‘faith’ and ‘confessing the word’ force the New Testament linguistic data into artificial categories which the Biblical writers themselves do not and could not support.” Both logos and rhema are used of spoken words. Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words Does this mean that we can’t say we have a rhema from God? Of course not, but we can also say we have a logos from God. They are synonyms. Hermeneutics: Bible Words: Hermeneutics: Bible Words Here are some words that might need explaining: A child was asked what he learned in Sunday School. He replied, “In Him we live and move and have our beans.” A five-year-old daughter had studied Moses and the Exodus. She came home and exclaimed, “Guess what Mommy. We made unleaded bread!” When asked about his lesson, the young child explained, “Solomon, one of David’s sons, had 300 wives and 700 porcupines.” Bible Words and Verses: Putting the Blocks Together Bible Words and Verses Hermeneutics: Words and Verses: Hermeneutics: Words and Verses We’ll now turn to the building block of the Bible verse. Remember, words have meaning in their verses (or sentences). Let’s look at an example. Note the two different translations of Matthew 16:18-19. Hermeneutics: Words and Verses: Hermeneutics: Words and Verses And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.—Matthew 16:18-19 (NIV) And I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of Hades shall not overpower it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you shall bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you shall loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven. —Matthew 16:18-19 (NASB) Hermeneutics: Words and Verses: Hermeneutics: Words and Verses The difference boils down to whether the simple future tense (shall be bound) should be used or whether translating the actual future perfect tense found in this verse (shall have been bound) is correct. Theologically, the difference is whether we as Christians have a wide berth of freedom in deciding what should be bound or loosed, or whether we must first be in agreement with the will of God. Hermeneutics: Words and Verses: Hermeneutics: Words and Verses D. A. Carson noted in his book, Exegetical Fallacies , that the word “loose” (luo) “in particular has a full range of presents and futures. This means that if Matthew had wanted to say no more than [shall be bound], he had available to him the...forms of this verb suited to the task.” This tilts “the evidence decidedly toward” the future perfect [shall have been bound]. Hermeneutics: Words and Verses: Hermeneutics: Words and Verses Principles in Summary Context Principle - Context establishes meaning. Immediate context (micro) has greater influence on the meaning of a word than distant context (macro). Backwards Principle - It is a fallacy to impose the present day meanings of words on ancient Greek words. Law of Plain Sense - “When the plain sense of Scripture makes common sense , seek no other sense .” Bibliography: Bibliography Bernard Ramm, Protestant Biblical Interpretation (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1970). D. A. Carson, Exegetical Fallacies (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1984). Harold Broiton, Abuse of the Word Rhema (Paraclete).

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