Disaster damage capacity building

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Information about Disaster damage capacity building
Science-Technology

Published on January 16, 2009

Author: aSGuest10739

Source: authorstream.com

CAPACITY BUILDING DAMAGE ASSESSMENT & KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATIONReference to Urban Flood Disaster Management : CAPACITY BUILDING DAMAGE ASSESSMENT & KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATIONReference to Urban Flood Disaster Management Dr. Anil K. Gupta Associate Professor National Institute of Disaster Management (Environmental Information & Systems Division) New Delhi – 110 002 Urban Flood Causes : Urban Flood Causes Environ-disaster interface : Environ-disaster interface Environmental Hazards Complex Population Growth Losses Poverty Low coping capacity High Exposure to Hazard Locations High Disaster Risk Hazard / Trigger event Major Disaster Losses Source: 2008(5) Publication Disaster Impacts : Disaster Impacts Disaster impacts (damages and losses) may be understood in following categories: : Disaster impacts (damages and losses) may be understood in following categories: Physical buildings, structures, physical property, industry, roads, bridges, etc. Environmental water, land/soil, land-use, landscape, crops, lake / rivers / estuaries, aquaculture, forests, animals/livestock, wildlife, atmosphere, energy, etc. Social life, health, employment, relations, security, peace, etc. Economic assets, deposits, reserves, income, commerce, production, guarantee/insurance, etc.) DISASTER MANAGEMENT : DISASTER MANAGEMENT A- Assessment Pl- Planning RA – Risk Analysis Pr- Preparedness Rh-Rehabilitation P, Pv – Prevention Mo- Monitoring G- Governance Rc- Reconstruction M, Mt – Mitigation Ev- Evaluation Re- Response Rf-Relief ERA- Emergency Risk Assessment Disaster Management : Disaster Management Major functions: Capacity objectives Hazard Analysis/Mapping Vulnerability Analysis Risk Characterization Mitigation options Analysis Risk Management Plan Risk Evaluation/monitoring Emergency Risk Assessment Emergency Plan Emergency Preparedness - Relief Management & Recovery Damage Assessment : Damage Assessment KEY QUESTIONS What is Damage Assessment Current State of Practice? Methodology? Damage Vs. Losses Physical Damage Vs. Resources Damage? Damage Assessment? When? Damage Assessment Team? Anticipatory Assessment? Damage Risk Assessment Damage Assessment : Damage Assessment Objectives ……………of the damage assessment is to develop and provide quick and quantitative information about the destruction causes by a catastrophic event. The purpose of the damage assessment, as in practice, is to facilitate financial mechanism and mobilization of resources for response, relief, rehabilitation, recovery and reconstruction, and hence, damage assessment becomes a period process following a disaster. Damage assessment : Damage assessment Loss of lives Loss of services Lifeline facilities Economic valuation Assessment plan and preparedness Damage Information : Damage Information Space based data/maps Toposheets GIS application ENVIS District Information Offices/record Documented facts, observations and credible oral information Reconnaissance Surveys are useful, only possible later Damage information : Damage information Population and housing census Sectoral censuses: agriculture, manufacturing, mining, parks, gardens, nurseries, water bodies, plantations Statistical year books Research publications/reports Interpersonal communication & remote sensing Damages : Damages Direct & Indirect damages E.g., In the case of transport & communication sectors, direct damages – repairs and reconstruction costs of roads/bridges, railway tracks, ports, airports, etc. Indirect damages – increased transport costs for telecom towers, income losses due to transport reduction Damage assessment : Damage assessment Undertaking sector valuations Quantifying and recording direct and indirect damages in each Determine the variation in terms of the national accounts (i.e. value added changes expected for every sector in the short-term and for a medium-term period, may be 3-5 years or more) Possibly supported by input-output tables or sector weighing factors, to determine projection of damages and effects from one sector to the others Generation of damage scenario, taking account of measured losses at replacement value Damage Assessment Benefits : Damage Assessment Benefits Help project the future performance of affected community in the short and medium term Implement the necessary corrective economic policy measures Determine the government’s capacity to face reconstruction tasks To establish the need for cooperation and international financing Necessary information for formulation of mitigation strategies Placing evidence to the systematic character of development process with dynamic interaction between sectors and activities along environmental processes ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION & SYSTEM ANALYSIS APPLICATION : ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION & SYSTEM ANALYSIS APPLICATION MODELING AND SCENARIO SIMULATION TOOLS Environmental information: Physical: built environment & structures, Natural: Geo-hydrological, Atmospheric/climatic, Biological, etc., Socio-economic: Demographic, Quality of Life factors (HDI), Commercial/business, etc. Environmental systems: Statistical/stochastic tools (models) Mapping tools (GIS/EIS) Atmospheric / meteorological models Geo-hydrodynamic models, Liquid Flow models, Two-phase flow models Release in water: Steam-flow models, 1-D and 2-D models for diffusion and dilution Risk-contour development and Land-use models Consequence modeling Risk Information system and communication tools GIS based emergency simulation, lay-out and land-use, emergency planning, response and resource management CAPACITY COMPONENTS : CAPACITY COMPONENTS Resources Strategic and guiding Non-structural and Intellectual Structural and Material Systemic and Functional Human and Skill power Motivational Insurance Levees/taxes Incentives/bonus Awards/promotional Facilitation Deliveries/performance Knowledge Skills Attitude STRATEGIC RESOURCES : STRATEGIC RESOURCES Laws: Regulations/Acts Plan: National, State, District & Local Plans Strategic Tools: e.g. EIA, Environment Audit, LCA, Ecological Footprint, CIA, SEA, RA, Medical Surveillance Environmental Information – database management Forecasting, Early Warning and dissemination systemS Scientific and technological research and resource support system NON-STRUCTURAL : NON-STRUCTURAL Land-use codes/guidelines and enforcement Knowledge based decisions and awareness Building by-laws Codes/standards Region specific DRR strategies considering environmental risks DM integration into development HRV Atlas and Risk Indicator based categorization STRUCTURAL AND MATERIAL : STRUCTURAL AND MATERIAL Environmental system analysis/ Modeling facility Research & Training Institute/Centre with equipment GIS Application facility Safety Museum and Demonstration Facility Control room facility HAZMAT facilities Mitigation (structural and non-structural) resources Response resources (create, mobilize, organize/pool) SYSTEMIC & FUNCTIONAL : SYSTEMIC & FUNCTIONAL Designated responsible Dept./officers for specific jobs System for documentation and records Defined time frames for activities Defined and practicable SoPs for various tasks Knowledge sharing protocols Institutional mechanism and coordination framework HUMAN CAPACITY- SKILL POWER : HUMAN CAPACITY- SKILL POWER Professionals e.g. assessments, audits, planning, designs, monitoring, concept development, training, etc. Execution/coordinate of the tasks: planning, training, mock-drills, monitoring, etc. Administrative support functions – logistics, finance, ministerial, etc. DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT : DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT Job definitions not adequately addressing safety / disaster risks Less focus on prevention through land-use plans and proper siting of industries: post-operation compliance main priority Safety a non-routine issue/ out of direct mandate Lack of coordination with factories/H&S, & other departments, e.g. industry, medical, education, Revenue, etc. Less familiarity on recent developments, e.g. GIS application, DDMP, District level ICS, Web-enabled system Less knowledge about disasters leading to environmental damages and pollution, and vice-versa: e.g. floods leading to pollution, etc. No designated “Disaster Management Cell” in State Deptt./ Boards (except in few, e.g. MP) even at CPCB, although all disasters originating in the environmental and affecting environmental resources, values, properties Poor/no training facility at State/District/Division level Poor economic valuation of environmental losses TRAINING -TARGET GROUPS : TRAINING -TARGET GROUPS (A) Expertise/academic Professionals on various functions/tasks Knowledge development & research Concept building and testing Training/education planning, design & delivery PROFESSIONALS : PROFESSIONALS Site Assessment Environmental/land-use Planning Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA, LCA, CIA, SEA) Risk Assessment Disaster Management Safety/SHE Audit Emergency Planning Damage & Loss Assessment Environmental Law Emergency Response Medical Management Psycho-social & Special Needs Information Management Media and Public Relations Economic Analysis TARGET GROUP….CONTD : TARGET GROUP….CONTD (B) Governance Policy – Legislators, Advisors, Secretaries, Systemic: State Department chiefs, District Collectors, Functional: Line departments Ground/Community (C) Governance (Industry) Policy – Top Management Systemic: Department Heads, Unit Managers Functional: Line departments Supervisors/operators TARGET GROUP….CONTD : TARGET GROUP….CONTD (D) Corporate Sector: Policy – Corporate business planners Systemic: Sector Heads, State Unit Chairs Functional: Member Industries Directors/Heads Environment & Safety Heads in Industries (E) Awareness functions: Teaching community NGOs Trade Unions Community at large SECTORS : SECTORS Environment & Health and Safety (EHS) Industry Police & Home guards Medical Transport Land-use Urban Governance General administration Finance INFORMATION FACILITIES : INFORMATION FACILITIES Data generation Reporting system Databank Data processing/interpretation GIS integrated system Convert data into knowledge Web-enabled system Communication system Dissemination system CAPACITY BUILDING RESOURCES : CAPACITY BUILDING RESOURCES NDMA MoEF MHA NIDM ATIs/DMI/DMCs CONSULTANTS Corporate/FICCI/CII/ASSOCHAM/PSUs UGC CSIR/ICAR/ICMR/MoES/DST/DBT/ICSSR NEERI/ITRC/NCL LUB/ULB/ CPCB NIC/ISRO/NRSA/GSI/MoES / IMD / Survey of India Universities/Colleges/ IIMs/IITs Professional Organizations/ ISCA/IMA/Red-Cross/ SoES/INSA/NAS UNDP-DRM/UNEP/WHO WWF/UNESCO/ILO/WB SDMC NIDM : NIDM Apex National Institute on DRR under DM Act 2005, for training, research, capacity building, documentation, policy advocacy, etc A consortium at NIDM - for exchange of knowledge and views NIDM as national focal point for education and training development Environmental systems facility at NIDM Information pool and knowledge facilitator Organizer for strategic tools development and integration mechanism, and policy advocacy Educational Capacity Framework : Educational Capacity Framework Disaster Management University Like ICAR / AIIMS / Tech.University / NIEPAU Indian Institute of Disaster Management Like IIMs/IITs/IISc/IISERs NIDM Departments: Public policy & community issues Geo-hydrological hazards issues Technological & civil disasters Environmental system & knowledge management Disaster epidemiology Law, jurisprudence and Higher education International relations and economic strategies Emergency Management Training National Facility Centre like IMI Network Management Cell Environmental Information System & Publication & Outreach Centre Ministry of HRD, Govt of India NDMA, Govt of India Slide 33: THANK YOU Email:envirosafe2007@gmail.com

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