Dinesh Nair

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Information about Dinesh Nair
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Published on December 28, 2007

Author: Gabriel

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  Hackers are your Friends What a Hacker is (and is not):  What a Hacker is (and is not) Tired Nerdy Teen Social misfit Technically competent Terrorist Shadowy Wired Average 16 to 45 Socially competent Script kiddies Ego surfing Normal, average kid Crackers and Hackers:  Crackers and Hackers Crackers aka script kiddies Young Unskilled Relies on scripts/tools Lots of them Dangerous to themselves Crackers and Hackers:  Crackers and Hackers Hackers L33t Skilled Software writing skills Analysis skills Older Was script kiddie at one point Not necessarily security related Motivations:  Motivations Ego and personal gratification through peer recognition “Show me the money !” Technical cause Scratching a personal itch Politically and socially neutral Slide7:  The Hacker Manifesto This is our world now... the world of the electron and the switch, the beauty of the baud. We explore... and you call us criminals. We seek after knowledge... and you call us criminals. We exist without skin color, without nationality, without religious bias... and you call us criminals. You build atomic bombs, you wage wars, you murder, cheat, and lie to us and try to make us believe it's for our own good, yet we're the criminals. Yes, I am a criminal. My crime is that of curiosity. My crime is that of judging people by what they say and think, not what they look like. My crime is that of outsmarting you, something that you will never forgive me for. I am a hacker, and this is my manifesto. You may stop this individual, but you can't stop us all... after all, we're all alike. Hacktivism:  Hacktivism Focused on freedom and libertarian situations Caveat: sometimes narrow boundaries around technology issues US DMCA, Patriot Act, Clipper Chip Export control of cryptography DeCSS DVD Decryption Domain Name related issues Information defined as software and other largely technical documents Not usually politically or socially motivated Exceptions EFF, cDc, FSF, 2600 Magazine Hacktivism:  Hacktivism Concerns on software patents, cryptography Focus on human rights in so far as it pertains to arrests by law enforcement (FBI, local police, Justice Dept) Epicentre moving away from the US towards Asia and Europe Usually politically agnostic and neutral No interest in social or political agendas Avoidance of the real world Clannish, tribal and fiercely loyal Early hacktivism:  Early hacktivism Anon.penet.fi – Julf Helsingius First and most famous anonymous remailler Used extensively by the underground Shutdown due to efforts of the Church of Scientology Efforts by the Singaporean government, but rebuffed Spawned many anonymous remaillers Early hacktivism:  Early hacktivism Pretty Good Privacy – Phil Zimmerman Common publicly available consumer encryption programme Used extensively for privacy, authentication and integrity of messages Spawned other open source projects of its ilk Driven by Phil's anti-nuclear beliefs Patent licensing issues Spawned a movement to ridicule US crypto export policy Early hacktivism:  Early hacktivism Free Software – Richard Stallman Software freedom Percusor to the open source movement Semi-political agenda Driven by a mixture of socialist beliefs “Spiritual leader” of thousands of geeks Regional “Hacktivism”:  Regional “Hacktivism” Malaysia – Indonesia cyberwar Sparked off by dispute over Ambalat oil fields in the Sulawesi Sea Not officially approved Self-organized hacker collectives Largely script kiddies Focussed on defacement of government and community websites Collateral damage Malaysian “Hacktivism”:  Malaysian “Hacktivism” Reformasi Defacement of websites Initiated by both sides of the political divide Keadilan vs UMNO Unofficially sanctioned Stopped by the elders of the computer underground Politically motivated websites – political propaganda Persists till today Fuelled the blog revolution in Malaysia ? MalaysiaKini attacks:  MalaysiaKini attacks Repeated, automated voting of online poll Potentially a denial of service attack Script kiddie class attack Traced to a computer lab in University of British Columbia, Canada Not state or politically motivated Engaging Hackers:  Engaging Hackers Understand the issues which hackers care about Show reciprocity and support Quid pro quo Engage with them on these issues Software patents Cryptography Free and Open Source Software Computer Crimes legislation Slide20:  Thanx !

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