Published on September 24, 2007
Understanding Digital ID World 2007 David Recordon Eve Maler Open Platforms Tech Lead Technology Director firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
quot;Its deﬁnitely time to declare quot;OpenID is a protocol made OpenID a winnerquot; for the public, by the public. TechCrunch No one owns or controls your login information:You do.quot; 37signals quot;...sees great potential for OpenID's use alongside enterprise-ready software infrastructurequot; Sun Microsystems quot;taking the world by stormquot; quot;this high proﬁle announcement marks Tim O'Reilly the importance of single sign on identity technology to the future of the Internetquot; ReadWriteWeb
What is OpenID? • Single sign-on for the web • Simple and light-weight (not going to replace your bank card pin) • Easy to use and deploy • Built upon proven existing technologies (DNS, HTTP, SSL/TLS, Difﬁe-Hellman) • Decentralized (you don't have to ask anyone permission to implement it) • Free!
An OpenID is a URI • URLs are globally unique and ubiquitous • OpenID allows proving ownership of an URI • People already have identity at URLs via blogs, photos, MySpace, FaceBook, etc • People already describe relationships via URLs (e.g. links to my friends)
OpenID is Decentralized
Beneﬁts • Reduces the number of usernames and passwords • Simpliﬁes new account creation • Allows for lightweight accounts • Simpliﬁes internal SSO • Enables wide-spread beneﬁt of strong authentication • Enables decentralized reputation • Enables social network portability
OpenID is one of Phil’s Anchors WikiPedia.org
...but it also enables and powers
O M E Using OpenID D always with attributes -- now with claims
O M E How Does it Work? D
As a Conversation Who are you? I’m davidrecordon.com Prove it!
Discovers My Provider quot;openid.serverquot; points to my OpenID Provider
Creating an OpenID pip.VeriSignLabs.com MyOpenID.com ClaimID.com MyVidoop.com http://openid.net/wiki/index.php/OpenIDServers and you may already have one
OpenID is Really Easy
quot;This is a geek's toy, nobody will ever have an OpenID!quot;
~120 million OpenIDs (including every AOL user) OpenID 1.1 - Estimated from various services
quot;Nobody will ever use this!quot;
6 Total Relying Parties 0 (aka places you can login with OpenID) 0 6,000 2 4,500 3,000 1,500 0 '05 ct ov ec '06 b ar r ay e ly g p Ap Au n Fe Se Ju O M M D N Ju p Jan Se OpenID 1.1 - As viewed by MyOpenID.com
Total Relying Parties (aka places you can login with OpenID) 6,000 4,500 3,000 1,500 0 '05 ct ov ec '06 b ar r ay e ly g p ct ov ec '07 b ar r ay e ly st 22 Ap Ap Au n n Fe Se Fe Ju Ju gu O O M M M M D D N Ju N Ju p p Jan Jan Au Se Se OpenID 1.1 - As viewed by MyOpenID.com
quot;So that's great there are so many blogs, but what about something real?quot;
quot;What about security?quot;
like any protocol...think as you implement
the best solutions will around the browser
Higgins & Bandit (open source identity selector plugin and desktop app with OpenID support)
MyVidoop Plugin (a password manager tied into your OpenID account add-on for Firefox)
Sxipper (a form ﬁller password manager with OpenID integration add-on for Firefox)
Symantec Identity Client (OpenID form-ﬁll, upcoming provider, and claims integration)
VeriSign's OpenID SeatBelt (an OpenID convenience and security add-on for Firefox) works with
IE Team has posted a job ad mentioning quot;OpenIDquot; quot;Does the idea of redeﬁning the role of the Internet browser appeal to you? Do the terms HTTP, RSS, Microformats, and OpenID, excite you? If so, then this just might be the opportunity for you.quot;
OpenID is great for innovation
quot;What about the Foundation?quot;
Founding Board Scott Kveton David Recordon Chair Vice-Chair firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Dick Hardt Martin Atkins Treasurer Secretary firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Johannes Ernst Drummond Reed firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Bill Washburn Artur Bergman Executive Director firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Current Efforts • Add four corporate board members • Finalize an IPR policy for future technical work (effort let by OIDF, AOL, Microsoft, Sun, Symantec,VeriSign,Yahoo!) • Develop a trademark policy that supports the World-wide OpenID community • Develop and reﬁned core messaging for OpenID and websites oriented toward developers, users, and other potential adopters • Coordinate World-wide joint marketing and evangelism (Snorri Giorgetti appointed as European representative)
“So, what about the enterprise?”
“What is OpenID@Work?”
• Exploratory program launched by Sun in May • Why? • Learn from experience! • Analyze use cases that connect business scenarios and “enterprise-strength” technology • Pass on our experiences to customers, partners, and others • What does it include? • An OpenID Provider (of a specialized sort) • Advising Sun website teams on OpenID • A non-assertion covenant (important IPR declaration) • Sharing what we learn
The Sun Provider • Only for Sun employees • http://openid.sun.com/nickname • These are effectively pseudonyms (and we don’t peek) • Can be used directly or with delegation • Use of Sun’s OpenID authentication service means: • “Yes, this person is associated with this OpenID” and “This person is a current Sun employee” • OpenID relying parties can act on this additional knowledge • e.g. offer discounts to proven Sun employees
Architecture Enterprise-class and open-sourced OpenSSO.dev.java.net/public/extensions/openid OpenSSO.dev.java.net http://blogs.sun.com/hubertsblog has more information
How are they being used? • Not for business use -- an “employee perk” • ProjectConcordia.org wiki (work-related use that I undertake on my own recognizance) • Not currently using for internal applications • Not a corporate approved authn mechanism • Currently low usage • <1% of employees have signed up (~350) • ~7% the number of employees on Facebook
Formal Security Review • Business purposes: What we are trying to achieve, so that risks can be appropriately measured and mitigated? • Data governance: What responsibilities do we have regarding employee data privacy? • Authentication: Why did we choose the password method? • Protocol and implementation: Where are the “holes”? • www.laurenwood.org/anyway - starting September 19th
Do Sun Websites Accept OpenID? • Pitched to several community site owners • No takers to date • Why? • Doesn’t completely remove local account management • Allows decentralized authorization only if everyone adopts it • No currently deployed OpenID standard for locally and third party asserted authorization claims • Business prioritization • Lost account costs not high enough • Not high-enough user demand
Offer all employees OpenIDs; open source Enterprise SSO and identity manager with LDAP and OpenID Internal SSO for bug trackers and wikis OpenID Provider with plans to ship in enterprise products this year Shared OpenID Provider for their businesses and partners Project management, CRM, and billing for small businesses
Thanks! Questions? http://openid.net/ http://sun.com/identity/ David Recordon Eve Maler davidrecordon.com xmlgrrl.com/blog/ firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
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