diggov email geospatial

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Published on September 12, 2007

Author: Octavio

Source: authorstream.com

Geospatial Sciencesin support ofDigital Government:  Geospatial Sciences in support of Digital Government Cliff Kottman Open GIS Consortium November 16, 2000 OGC’s Vision :  OGC’s Vision The complete integration of geospatial data and geoprocessing resources into mainstream computing OGC’s Approach :  OGC’s Approach Not-for-profit Membership Organization Over 200 members Global Consensus Interface Specification at Implementation Level Enable Industry to Build Plug-and-Play Components Testbed Approach and Specification Development Example Members:  Example Members Integrators Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Mitsubishi, SAIC, Harris, TRW, BAE, … Major Hardware and Software Companies Sun Microsystems, Oracle, Microsoft, Adobe, HP, SAS, … Developers of GIS, Mapping, and Earth Imaging products Intergraph, ESRI, SICAD, AutoDesk, LaserScan, MapInfo, MapQuest, SmallWorld, PCI, … Government agencies that depend on geoprocessing NIMA, NASA, USGS, USA/TEC, USDA, NOAA, EPA, FEMA, DoT, Census, NSF, FGDC, , DMSO, UK/OS, Au/SA, … Others Content Providers, Telecom, Power, Universities, Startups, … The Topics:  The Topics The Web Revolution and Web Mapping The Web Mapping Testbed Location Services The Pizza Story and More The Web Revolution and Web Mapping:  The Web Revolution and Web Mapping The Web environment for Geospatial has exploded into a complex neighborhood of awkward standards...:  The Web environment for Geospatial has exploded into a complex neighborhood of awkward standards... Java UML CORBA XMI Internet SQL-2 SQL-MM IIOP XML COM Objects IDL Security e-commerce Wideband Wireless Legacy '...a tough neighborhood for interoperability!' Privacy The “institutional” environment is even more complex... :  The 'institutional' environment is even more complex... Geospatial Executive Order 12906 OMB Circular A-16 Global Disaster Information Network Federal Geographic Data Committee National Spatial Data Infrastructure Spatial Technologies Industry Association Digital Earth Aurora OpenSpaces Livable Communities Digital Government Coral Reef Task Force Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Intelligent Transportation Information Technology in the 21st Century EU Fifth Framework NACo NSGIC NCGIA ISO 15046 ISO/TC204 NII CIO Council …but common common requirements abound !! Critical Infrastructure The Fora:  The Fora TMC = Traffic Message Channel ETSI = European Telephone Stds Inst. The OpenGroup's Mobility Management Forum DMTF = Distributed Management Task Force MWIF = Mobile Wireless Internet Forum IAI = International Alliance for Interoperability OpenGIS  OpenLS  Web3D IETF Spatial  WAP Forum  MOPA ISO and other de jure  MAGIC  LIF SynchML  GRC International  W3C Lucent Public Safety  IEEE The Emerging Role of “Consortia” in Creating Orderly Markets:  The Emerging Role of 'Consortia' in Creating Orderly Markets Bring developers and users together Work with users to define requirements and 'value chains' Define 'fundamental technology interfaces' based on 'business modeling' Create 'institutional interfaces' based on technical interoperation and definition of 'joint requirements' Consortia create the Agreements andamp; Interfaces on which industry 'Value Chains' are based! Before the Web Mapping Era:  Before the Web Mapping Era Before WMT:  TerraServer - http://terraserver.microsoft.com Before WMT MapQuest - http://www.mapquest.com EPA - http://www.epa.gov/enviro/enviromapper.html After The Web Mapping Revolution:  After The Web Mapping Revolution After WMT - Basic Architecture:  After WMT - Basic Architecture The Pizza Story:  The Pizza Story The Pizza Story:  The Pizza Story Voice Recognition 'Want Pizza!' Broker Pizza Place Database GPS Nearest Three Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services An Infrastructure of Agreements:  An Infrastructure of Agreements Wireless Protocols Limited Speech Recognition Geo- Coding Location Services 'Yellow Page' Databases Thematic Data Providers Web Mapping Servers Mobile Devices Spatial Data Representation and Manipulation Advertisement Pathways Spatial Query Engines Interfaces Web Routing Server What’s an Interface? :  What’s an Interface? Open Sesame A magic word that evokes a planned behavior What Does Interoperability Provide?(Questions and Challenges):  What Does Interoperability Provide? (Questions and Challenges) Do all devices work any where, any time? Do devices from different companies (perhaps with different positioning systems) work with all Net Servers - same answer? How will services be delivered on different wireless systems, or traversing the limit of coverage between 2 servers? How will the hand off from one to the other be conducted? What happens if loss of signal occurs? Who is responsible for data synchronization, how does the transaction happen, how is privacy maintained? What about extending services beyond retail goods and services? Soldier Story:  Soldier Story Secure Channels 'What’s our plan update?' Dynamic Mission Planning GPS Intelligence, Objectives, Opportunities Coalition Plan Database Coalition Mapping Service Preferences Secure Presentation Service Other Classified Network Services Farmer Story:  Farmer Story Farmer’s Interface 'What’s the best way to apply fertilizer? Farmer’s Cooperative Server GPS Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services Weather Soil Insects Relief Story:  Relief Story Voice Recognition 'Where are the nearest food supplies?' Relief Coordination Server GPS Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services Telco Line Worker Story:  Telco Line Worker Story Public Voice Recognition 'Where’s the next Project?' Telco’s Dispatch service GPS Repair and Installation Schedule Public Map Database Public Mapping Service Preferences Public Presentation Service Other Public Network Services Travel Story:  Travel Story Voice Recognition 'What’s the best way to get to work?' Municipal Travel Advisory Server GPS Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services Highway maintenance Story:  Highway maintenance Story Maintenance Interface Where’s the next POTHOLE? Road Maintenance Server GPS Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services Road History Calls Inspection The Observer’s Story:  The Observer’s Story Observers Interface 'I want to record my observations? Observer’s Server GPS Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services Weather Soil Insects The Learning Story:  The Learning Story Voice Recognition 'Want to know about France!' Broker Subject-Specific Database SRS Spatially-Related Objects Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services The Environment Story:  The Environment Story Voice Recognition 'What pollution is there?' Broker Subject-Specific Database SRS Spatially-Related Objects Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services The Research Story:  The Research Story Voice Recognition 'What is related to what?' Broker Subject-Specific Databases SRS Spatially-Correlated Objects Map Database Mapping Service Preferences Presentation Service Other Network Services New Businesses:  New Businesses Mobile Applications Regional Data Stores High Resolution Wireless Devices Location Determination Devices Distributed Asset Management Regional Yellow Pages Spatial Service Providers Fundamental Spatial Services -- Routing -- Gazetteer -- Data Discovery -- Data Access -- Portrayal -- Analysis -- Coordinates -- Spatial Reference System -- Overlay -- Legends -- Drill Down -- Geocode -- Transform -- Obstacle Detection -- Weather Overlay -- Route Planning -- Others Slide31:  Where Do 'Geospatial Issues' Fit in the Location Service (IP) Stack? Service Delivery Platform Protocols (http, SLO, etc.) Data Access Protocols (WFS, WCS, etc.) Content Protocols (GML, etc.) Location Service Protocols (Getlocation, GetFeatureInfo, etc.) Location Services (1):  Location Services (1) Traffic Information (e.g. 'You are about to join a ten kilometer traffic queue, turn right on the A3 ahead.') Emergency Services (e.g. 'Help, I'm having a heart attack!') Roadside Emergency (e.g. 'Help, my car has broken down!') Law Enforcement (e.g. 'What is the speed limit on this road where I am at?') Firefighting (e.g., 'Where should I shovel snow to find the hydrant?' and 'Are there flammables/explosives nearby?') Classified Advertising (e.g.. 'Is there a job nearby?' and 'Where are nearby yard-sales featuring antiques?') Cadastre (e.g. 'Where is my parcel boundary?') Hidden Object Visualization (e.g. 'Where is the water main?') Location Services (2):  Location Services (2) Wireless PABX (e.g. Using mobiles as internal phones while on your company campus) Leisure Information (e.g. 'We want to go to Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club tonight; how do we get there from here?') Mobile Service Information (e.g. 'I need to upgrade my mobile terminal, where is the nearest phone shop?') Road Service Information (e.g. 'Where is the nearest petrol station?') Directions (e.g. 'I'm lost, where is nearest Metro station?') Fleet Tracking (e.g. 'Why does it always take twice as long to deliver to that customer?') Package Tracking (e.g. 'Where is the package with those new SIMM cards?') Asset Tracking (e.g. 'Meter 33402 needs service. Where is it?') Location Services (3):  Location Services (3) Vehicle Navigation (e.g. 'How do I get back to the Interstate from here?') Public Transport Tracking (e.g. 'Will I make my train connection?') Vehicle Theft Detection and Recovery (e.g. 'My car has been stolen, where is it?') Child Tracking (e.g. 'Tell me if my child strays beyond the neighborhood.') Animal Tracking (e.g. 'Where has Tibbles gone this time?') Location-Based Billing (e.g. Free calls on your mobile phone, while you are in a particular location) Public Safety Vehicle Management (e.g. 'Who is closest to that emergency?') Thank Youhttp://www.opengis.org:  Thank You http://www.opengis.org Slide36: 

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