Published on February 28, 2014
Motivate ALL your Language Learners! Differentiation revisited… Isabelle Jones Alderley Edge School for Girls http://isabellejones.blogspot.com Twitter: @icpjones Powerpoint Templates Page 1
Aims : • Develop generic strategies to ensure all our learners’ needs are best caterered for. • Consider different ways to support EAL learners and native speakers in your class. • Share tips on how ICT can support differentiation in and out of the classroom Powerpoint Templates Page 2
What do we mean by differentiation? The planning and teaching that takes into account all the learners in the class so that they can all be given the opportunity to make good progress, regardless of their starting point. Not an add-on Responsive teaching Integral to effective learning and teaching Covering content/ Getting learners engaged with content You already do it- you just need to show others how you do it Powerpoint Templates Page 3
All learners? Powerpoint Templates Page 4
All learners? Name different ways in which our students are all different. How many can you think of? 1.Age/ maturity levels 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. … Powerpoint Templates Page 5
All learners? Name different ways in which our students are all different. How many can you think of? 1.Age/ maturity levels 2.Gender 3.Ability 4.Learning style 5.Motivation 6.Prior learning 7.Experiences (of life) 8.Specific learning difficulties 9.Behavioural difficulties 10.Emotional difficulties Powerpoint Templates Page 6
Progress? • OFSTED needs to see all «pupils make rapid and sustained progress » • Key groups need to be identified in your planning: FSM, SEND, EAL, Gifted and Talented … • Progress within the progress over time lesson Powerpoint Templates and Page 7
Know your learners : •Ability range and SEND •Experience/ Prior learning •Exposure to home language, English and L2 •Different learning styles (VAK) •Motivation/cooperation and independence Know your setting : General school setting/ classroom layout/ specialist support available/ profile of intake Specific trends in different years Awareness of specific learning and emotional difficulties Powerpoint Templates Can you talk about one of your classes/ introduce your setting for 2 minutes? Page 8
Differentiation aimed at different abilities • Use of language: cut on teacher talk and provide key words for the lesson at the beginning or before the lesson. (previewing homework) • Give practical examples rather than explanations and get students to give further examples to show they show what they have to do • Actively teach dictionary skills and a range of strategies to learn vocabulary • Share the rationale of your seating plan (instruction, collaboration etc…) • Set up a pool of “experts” or “envoys” (depending on ability mix) to teach other students for topic research. • Photocopy good work to discuss features (AfL) • Automatic reward for attempting extension work • Blooming extension • Writing/ speaking frame Powerpoint Templates Page 9
Differentiation aimed at different abilities-element of choice? Discuss Pros and cons of introducing an element of choice An element of choice can motivate students and encourage them to do more o complete the tasks successfully Choice has to be guided e.g. by levels or by requesting different types of activities => importance of students knowing the assessment criteria Students could be allowed to start on harder tasks with extra support-to avoid he issue of all students just going for the easiest tasks Marking and giving feedback on a wide range of tasks can be challenging for he teacher but it can make peer assessment and evaluation more meaningful provided all tasks are to be assessed against the same criteria. To allow some choice, support mechanisms must be in place and students must be at least partially independent earners. Powerpoint Templates Page 10
Generic differentiation techniques: •By outcome: Open-ended tasks or tasks with defined differentiated outcome: Write a different number of sentences, including different key components-different tenses, connectives… •By task: Graded tasks or same reading/Listening with different tasks e.g. gapfill (NOT by use of English and TL in responses) •By questioning: From closed to open and lower order to higher order questions requiring Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTs). •By support: Use of FLAs, TAs, peers, time, learning mats, glossaries, dictionaries, verb tables, textbooks, ICT… Practical positive and negative points of each generic strategy? How can negative aspects be dealt with? Powerpoint Templates Can you give an example of a language task for each technique? Page 11
Learning styles? Visual Auditory Kinaesthetic =VAK Visual learning style involves the use of seen or observed things, including pictures, diagrams, demonstrations, displays, handouts, video clips… Auditory learning style involves the transfer of information through listening of spoken words, sounds or music and noises. Kinaesthetic learning involves physical experience - touching, feeling, holding, doing, practical hands-on experiences. Dominant learning style? Use of VAK in schools/in the classroom Powerpoint Templates Page 12
Learning styles? Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences intelligence type Linguistic capability and perception words and language Logical-Mathematical logic and numbers Musical music, sound, rhythm Bodily-Kinaesthetic body movement control Spatial-Visual images and space Interpersonal other people's feelings Intrapersonal self-awareness Naturalist natural environment Spiritual/Existential religion and spirituality Moral ethics, humanity, value of life Not just one type of intelligence-always a mix Not a way to classify students Powerpoint Templates Page 13
Planning and Learning styles : 1.How can you turn a listening comprehension into a more visual/ kinaesthetic activity? 2.How can you turn a reading comprehension into a more auditory/ kinaesthetic activity? 3.How can you support all learners in a visual, auditory and kinaesthetic way when completing speaking and writing tasks in class? Powerpoint Templates Page 14
Differentiation ideas per skill: Listening Students are given core and extended details to identify from the same listening Materials. Students are given a choice to answer in the target language or not, provided they can identify the key words and they know what they mean. Students are asked to respond to what they hear: How do they think the person feel? Do you think they sound interesting? Do you think they are telling the truth? Students are asked to use/ hide away support material. Students have to establish if statements referring to the listening material are true or false (identifying key words) and correct them (understanding negatives, synonym…) Students have to sequence pictures and label them correctly (labels provided or not) Powerpoint Templates Page 15
Differentiation ideas per skill: Listening (2) Students listen and underline what is different from the recording (higher ability students can correct and/or give synonyms. Students work with a script: they self-correct or peer-correct their listening exercise as well as highlight key words. Higher ability students can be asked to identify specific key words by giving them synonyms, lower ability students could be asked to spot cognates and near cognates in the transcript. Powerpoint Templates Page 16
Differentiation ideas per skill: Speaking Students with prior knowledge contribute to a regular ”Show and Tell” session. When teaching vocabulary some students already know, students may be asked to find synonyms or different words they know with similar sound (phonic focus) Peer teaching in pair work or group activities In role-play activities, students with prior knowledge and more able students can be encourage to include additional/ more advanced language such as tenses or opinions (checklist with points attached to it). If the speaking activity is to be performed individually the differentiation will be determined by the support allowed e.g. full text/ cue card… When answering questions, more open-ended questions will be put to the more able or the students with prior knowledge, Powerpoint Templates Page 17
Differentiation ideas per skill: Speaking (2) Students complete a survey where they have to tick other people’s opinions from a range of provided answers (higher ability students can gain extra points by giving additional full sentences. Students are given sentence starters or speaking frames before being asked to do a speed-dating speaking game. Powerpoint Templates Page 18
Differentiation ideas per skill: Reading Students with prior knowledge receive stimulus in authentic handwriting. Differentiation by task e.g. more able learners are given tasks focusing on Connectives, adjectives, verbs and opinions. Offer a wide range of reading material to encourage independent reading and reading for pleasure. Students ask questions as well as answer them. Students are offered different cloze exercises with gradually more gaps and less support. Students with prior knowledge are asked to share strategies to understand new words (cognates, compound & context). Powerpoint Templates Page 19
Differentiation ideas per skill: Reading (2) Students are given different versions of the same text (shortened or just presented differently with more or less visual support) Students are asked to listen to the text and read it at the same time. They could also read it out loud depending on their degree of confidence/own skills. The same text could have a range of differentiated questions in different formats (students to choose their own sets of questions depending on their own personal targets). [This is useful at KS4 to make students aware of task types] Students are given information about the number of key words to identify or where the answers are in the text, by giving the line number or paragraph subtitle. Students are given mind-maps/ handouts with key vocabulary. Powerpoint Templates Page 20
Differentiation ideas per skill: Writing Students substitute words for pictures in a model text or use a writing frame. Student use help sheets independently with key phrases/ prompts/ vocabulary. Students are requested to use a defined number of stylistic devices such as: *connectives: and, or, but, because … *sentence starters: firstly, secondly… on the one hand, on the other hand, in general… *opinions: I think, I believe, In my opinion… (+ justification of opinions) *qualifier and adverbs: quite, very, a lot, extremely … Students are requested to refer to more than one time frame. Students are asked to develop their writing in a creative way: *poems: finding rhyming words *songs/raps: writing additional verses *Writing captions for cartoons, photos… Powerpoint Templates Page 21
Differentiation specifically aimed at students with prior linguistic experience • • • • • Expert corner Helpers Stepped activities Options /choices/ extension sheet wall Student presentations Powerpoint Templates Page 22
Differentiation strategies aimed at students with EAL / higher exposure to a range of languages EAL good practice is MFL good practice Visual support Shorter instructions Unambiguous language Examples/ demonstration of desired outcome Assessment issues Powerpoint Templates Page 23
Differentiated tasks aimed at TL speakers Independent research Open-ended tasks (especially written ones) Student presentation Assessment Powerpoint Templates Page 24
The 7 Ts of Practical Differentiation, Sue Cowley: •Top and Tail: plan a core activity, an extension and support mechanism for the core to be completed. •Time: •Targets: •Teamwork: •Thinking Skills: •Things: (resources) •Technology: Powerpoint Templates Page 25
The 7 Ts of Practical Differentiation, Sue Cowley: 1. Top and Tail: plan a core activity, an extension and support mechanism for the core to be completed. 2. Time: deadlines, preview of material, personalised time limits, MAD time, sandfieldsschool) countdown timers (classtool.net & 3. Targets: multi-layered lesson objectives, personalised targets linked to feedback & assessment with matching rewards: best worker, most creative, most risk-taking student, most supportive team member… 4. Teamwork: Know your students-strengths & weaknesses as well as ability, social skills, interests, encourage the development of strategies for independent learning c3b4me … Powerpoint Templates Page 26
The 7 Ts of Practical Differentiation, Sue Cowley: 5. Thinking Skills: encourage lateral & creative thinking, deduction, creativity and risk-taking by providing opportunities to apply knowledge in new contexts. « HOTs not MOTs » Peter Anstee 2010 6. Things: (resources) multi-sensory, memorable, authentic, range of text types, people & props 7. Technology: self-access, collaboration, creativity, access to PCs and tablets, voice recorders, opportunities provided for consolidation and extension (independent learning) Powerpoint Templates Page 27
ICT as a differentiation tool in and out of the classroom Powerpoint Templates Page 28
ICT as a differentiation tool in and out of the classroom A range of tools to match a range of outcome and learning styles: audio support, visual support, prompt for creative writing. (from drilling to creative tasks) Writing notes: Linoit http://en.linoit.com Making comic strips: Makebeliefscomics http://www.makebeliefscomix.com/ Tasks set to encourage collaboration, creativity and risk-taking. Independent learning: Self-access language sites e.g.languagesonline http://www.languagesonline.org.uk , (Hello) Mylo http://www.hellomylo.com Zondle http://www.zondle.com (make your own games) Quizlet and Studystack (flashcards) http://quizlet.com/848918/nudepigs-flash-cards/ http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-120159 Support with advanced reading Powerpoint Templates http://lingro.com Page 29 http://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2014/02/15/en-grande-bretagne-les-inondations-les-plus-graves-depuis-250-ans_4367242_3244.html
7 ways to differentiate with a timer http://www.classtools.net/education-games-php/timer/ Person Idea Powerpoint Templates Page 30
Using visuals to create open-ended tasks http://www.flickr.com/ http://www.flickr.com/groups/imagestoteachlanguages/ My own authentic pictures http://www.flickr.com/photos/icpjones/sets/72157621889909661/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/icpjones/sets/72157612320791556 i Powerpoint Templates Page 31
Pinterest http://pinterest.com/ Teaching topics Repin Board by topic Button Follow each other Powerpoint Templates Mobile app Page 32
Pinterest http://pinterest.com/ A source of infographic in foreign languages Differentiated activities? Powerpoint Templates Page 33
Pictures and Photographs • NEN Gallery http://gallery.nen.gov.uk • Photo-vocab (Spanish) http://Zachary-jones.com/photovocab • Tag Galaxy http://taggalaxy.de • Google.fr Google.es Powerpoint Templates Page 34
Word clouds Differentiated activities? Powerpoint Templates Page 35
Word clouds and mindmapping • Wordle http://www.wordle.net • Tagxedo http://www.tagxedo.com/ • Freemind http://freemind.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php • Mindomo http://www.mindomo.com Powerpoint Templates Page 36
Text-to-speech http://text-to-speech.imtranslator.net/ https://www.yakitome.com/user/register •Quality text-to-speech (TTS) voices •Convert documents of any size •Store/download audio books •Subscribe to podcasts and feeds •Publish your own audio feeds •Create classrooms and reading groups •Share books with others •(currently free) Powerpoint Templates Page 37
Supporting and Recording Talk Differentiated speaking tasks? http://www.easi-speak.org.uk/ http://www.voki.com http://tellagami.com http://audacity.sourceforge. net/ Ppt recording function Powerpoint Templates Page 38
How do you differentiate? (19) By asking open-ended questions By providing a range of resources to support the same learning objectives or task By planning in a way to appeal to a range of learning styles and students By providing a variety of assessment opportunities: oral, written, non-verbal… By sharing assessment criteria and using target-setting with individual students By allowing different starting points for graded activities By scaffolding to support progression By spending a different amount of time with different individuals By using other members of staff in the classroom in different ways By pairing up students in different ways in order to provide support/ encourage motivation By setting different objectives and targets for individual tasks By ensuring that students have the correct level of independence required to complete the tasks By introducing some element of choice By increasing the level of interaction with or between students (interdependent learning) By modelling the desired outcome and breaking it down into small steps By increasing/ decreasing the complexity of the language used to introduce and prepare for the task By giving appropriate feedback and points for action By assigning different roles in co-operative learning tasks e.g expert By encouraging self assessment Powerpoint Templates questions and student-generated Page 39
1-2-3 Action! 1. 2. 3. Powerpoint Templates Page 40
Aims : • Develop generic strategies to ensure all our learners’ needs are best caterered for. • Consider different ways to support EAL learners and native speakers in your class. • Share tips on how ICT can support differentiation in and out of the classroom Powerpoint Templates Page 41
Motivate ALL your Language Learners! Differentiation revisited… Isabelle Jones Alderley Edge School for Girls http://isabellejones.blogspot.com Twitter: @icpjones Powerpoint Templates Page 42
Planning resource for teachers of FRENCH, GERMAN, SPANISH or any MFL. It is adapted from a generic model by Geoff Petty.
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