Different types if soil

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Information about Different types if soil

Published on February 23, 2016

Author: sidhusingh99

Source: slideshare.net

1. Types of soil AMARVIR SINGH J.N.V FAROUR +1(SCI.)

2. Sandy soil SANDY SOIL - THIS TYPE HAS THE BIGGEST PARTICLES AND THE SIZE OF THE PARTICLES DOES DETERMINE THE DEGREE OF AERATION AND DRAINAGE THAT THE SOIL ALLOWS. IT IS GRANULAR AND CONSISTS OF ROCK AND MINERAL PARTICLES THAT ARE VERY SMALL. THEREFORE THE TEXTURE IS GRITTY AND SANDY SOIL IS FORMED BY THE DISINTEGRATION AND WEATHERING OF ROCKS SUCH AS LIMESTONE, GRANITE, QUARTZ AND SHALE. SANDY SOIL IS EASIER TO CULTIVATE IF IT IS RICH IN ORGANIC MATERIAL BUT THEN IT ALLOWS DRAINAGE MORE THAN IS NEEDED, THUS RESULTING IN OVER-DRAINAGE AND DEHYDRATION OF THE PLANTS IN SUMMER

3. Sandy soil

4. Sandy Soil Sandy soil is easier to cultivate if it is rich in organic material but then it allows drainage more than is needed, thus resulting in over-drainage and dehydration of the plants in summer. It warms very fast in the spring season. So if you want to grow your plant in sandy soil it is imperative that you water it regularly in the summers.

5. Clay soil CLAY SOIL-CLAY IS A KIND OF MATERIAL THAT OCCURS NATURALLY AND CONSISTS OF VERY FINE GRAINED MATERIAL WITH VERY LESS AIR SPACES, THAT IS THE REASON IT IS DIFFICULT TO WORK WITH SINCE THE DRAINAGE IN THIS SOIL IS LOW, MOST OF THE TIME THERE IS A CHANCE OF WATER LOGGING AND HARM TO THE ROOTS OF THE PLANT. CLAY SOIL BECOMES VERY HEAVY WHEN WET AND IF CULTIVATION HAS TO BE DONE, ORGANIC FERTILIZERS HAVE TO BE ADDED. CLAY SOIL IS FORMED AFTER YEARS OF ROCK DISINTEGRATION AND WEATHERING. IT IS ALSO FORMED AS SEDIMENTARY DEPOSITS AFTER THE ROCK IS WEATHERED, ERODED AND TRANSPORTED.

6. Clay soil 

7. Clay soil  occurs naturally and consists of very fine grained material with very less air spaces, that is the reason Clay Soil-Clay is a kind of material that it is difficult to work with since the drainage in this soil is low, most of the time there is a chance of water logging and harm to the roots of the plant. Clay soil becomes very heavy when wet and if cultivation has to be done, organic fertilizers have to be added. Clay soil is formed after years of rock disintegration and weathering. It is also formed as sedimentary deposits after the rock is weathered, eroded and transported.

8. Loamy soil  Loamy Soil- This soil consists of sand, silt and clay to some extent. It is considered to be the perfect soil. The texture is gritty and retains water very easily, yet the drainage is well. There are various kinds of loamy soil ranging from fertile to very muddy and thick sod. Yet out of all the different kinds of soil loamy soil is the ideal for cultivation.

9. Loamy soil

10. Chalky soil  Chalky Soil-Unlike Peaty soil, Chalky soil is very alkaline in nature and consists of a large number of stones. The fertility of this kind of soil depends on the depth of the soil that is on the bed of chalk. This kind of soil is prone to dryness and in summers it is a poor choice for plantation, as the plants would need much more watering and fertilizing than on any other type of soil. Chalky Soil, apart from being dry also blocks the nutritional elements for the plants like Iron and Magnesium.

11. Chalky soil 

12. Peaty soil

13. Peaty soil  Though the soil is rich in organic matter, nutrients present are fewer in this soil type than any other type.  Peaty soil is prone to water logging but if the soil is fertilized well and the drainage of the soil is looked after, it can be the ideal for growing plants.

14. Sub soil

15. Sub soil  most soil are about a foot in depth ,though many of them are no deeper than eight or nine inches below this is what gardeners call the subsoil ,which may be similar in character to the material above ,and yet which may not contain available plant foods it is important to try and get the soil to as great a depth as possible.

16. All Different Types Of Soil

17. End Here ……. Thanks for seeing my presentation .

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