Diasporas, migration and the media in Europe: Narratives and perception

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Information about Diasporas, migration and the media in Europe: Narratives and perception

Published on May 12, 2016

Author: ICMPD

Source: slideshare.net

1. Panel discussion: Diasporas and the Media MIGRATION AND THE MEDIA Narratives and perception Connecting, Communicating and Networking with Diasporas 4-6 May 2016 - Dublin Castle - Ireland Giuseppe Milazzo, Osservatorio di Pavia Funded by the European Union

2. Key findings on “migration and the media” – Italy and Europe (Italy: newscasts, 7 nationwide TV channels, January 2005 – December 2015) (Europe: newscasts, 5 nationwide European TV channels, 2010 - 2015) (Opinion polls: Italy, 2005 – 2016) 1. There is no clear correlation between the amount of news coverage on migration and the fear towards migrants: time series of media coverage and opinion polls in Italy (2005-2015) show independent trends. 2. The negative frame of the news about migration shapes the perception towards the migrants: migrants are often portrayed in bad news as Crimes and Terrorism (Italian case, 2015) 3. A negative perception of migration is linked to the fear of terrorism: according to 2016 opinion polls in Italy, the negative attitude on migrants increased in relation to the threat to our identity. 4. The increased fear of terrorism partly caused a negative perception on migration: opinion polls in Italy (2009-2016) show a significant increase in the fear of terrorist attacks.

3. Key findings on “migration and the media” – Italy and Europe (Italy: newscasts, 7 nationwide TV channels, January 2005 – December 2015) (Europe: newscasts, 5 nationwide European TV channels, 2010 - 2015) (Opinion polls: Italy, 2005 – 2016) 5. The amount of news on migration rises during the peaks of migration flows: August and Sept 2015 included most news on migrants in the European newscasts. 6. In 2015, migration became a relevant topic in all 5 European newscasts: an average of 6% of news was devoted to migration issues. 7. Crimes and War/Terrorism are dangerous frames also in the European networks: despite differences among TV channels, this practice continues to challenge a positive perception towards migrants. 8. Alarming news on terrorism and immigration increased in the past 5 years in the European channels: the highest pick of alarming news in 2015 is recorded on terrorism.

4. MEDIA COVERAGE Migration PUBLIC PERCEPTION Public discourse on migration Media Monitoring and Opinion polls Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of the news coverage and surveys on public perception

5. News coverage and public perception - Italy (Newscasts, 7 nationwide TV channels, January 2005 – December 2015) Record in 2015: 4.004 news stories Source: European Observatory on Security – Osservatorio di Pavia (http://www.osservatorio.it/download/RAPPORTO%20SICUREZZA2016.pdf) There is no clear correlation between the amount of news coverage on migration and the fear towards migrants

6. The framing of the news on migrants - Italy (Newscasts, 7 nationwide TV channels, 2015) The negative frame of the news about migration shapes the perception towards the migrants Migrants often portrayed in bad news such as: Crimes and Terrorism Source: European Observatory on Security – Osservatorio di Pavia (http://www.osservatorio.it/download/RAPPORTO%20SICUREZZA2016.pdf)

7. The attitudes towards migration- Italy (% of people that agree with the following statements – January 2016) A negative perception of migration is linked to the fear of terrorism Negative attitude on migrants increases on: Threat to our identity The migrants… … are a resource for our economy … are a threat to public order and security … are a threat to our culture, identity and religion … are a threat for the employment Source: European Observatory on Security – Survey Demos & Pi/Unipolis (N. cases: 1.823) (http://www.osservatorio.it/download/ RAPPORTO%20SICUREZZA2016.pdf)

8. The fear of terrorist attacks - Italy (% of people that declare to be often worried – Nov 2009/Jan 2016) The increased fear of terrorism partly caused a negative perception on migration Concern over potential terrorist attacks largely increased 7 January 2015: FRANCE Attack against Charlie Hebdo 12 people killed; ISIS 13 November 2015: FRANCE Paris attacks 129 people killed; ISIS Source: European Observatory on Security – Survey Demos & Pi/Unipolis (N. cases: 1.823) (http://www.osservatorio.it/download/RAPPORTO%20SICUREZZA2016.pdf)

9. Trend of news on migration – Italy, Germany, UK, France, Spain (Newscasts, 5 nationwide European TV channels, 2015) The amount of news on migration rises during the peaks of migration flows Record of news stories in September: 490 Source: European Observatory on Security – Osservatorio di Pavia (http://www.osservatorio.it/download/RAPPORTO%20SICUREZZA2016.pdf)

10. Migration became a relevant topic in all 5 European newscasts Average of 6% of news on migration, record in Germany: 13% News migration by channel – Italy, Germany, UK, France, Spain (Newscasts, 5 nationwide European TV channels, 2015) Source: European Observatory on Security – Osservatorio di Pavia (http://www.osservatorio.it/download/RAPPORTO%20SICUREZZA2016.pdf)

11. The negative frames about migration shape the perception towards the migrants Dangerous frames as Crimes and War/Terroris m shape the public opinion Frames of migration news – Italy, Germany, UK, France, Spain (Newscasts, 5 nationwide European TV channels, 2015) Source: European Observatory on Security – Osservatorio di Pavia (http://www.osservatorio.it/download/RAPPORTO%20SICUREZZA2016.pdf)

12. Alarming news on terrorism and immigration increased in the past 5 years Alarming news – Italy, Germany, UK, France, Spain (Newscasts, 5 nationwide European TV channels, 2010 - 2015) Source: European Observatory on Security – Osservatorio di Pavia (http://www.osservatorio.it/download/RAPPORTO%20SICUREZZA2016.pdf)

13. Bad and good practices in media reporting on migration BAD PRACTICES GOOD PRACTICES Inaccuracies and decontextualisation Voices of experts and protagonists Alarming tone In-depth reporting Portray strangers as enemies Alternative narratives Vox populi The narrative of fear

14. Giuseppe Milazzo Osservatorio di Pavia gmilazzo@osservatorio.it www.osservatorio.it Thank you!

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