dewey shelf numbers

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Information about dewey shelf numbers
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Published on April 30, 2008

Author: Bianca

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DDC number building for shelf arrangement:  DDC number building for shelf arrangement Julianne Beall Assistant Editor, DDC Library of Congress July 4, 2006 Vienna Broad outline:  Broad outline Part 1. Elements of typical call numbers Part 2. Class numbers Part 3. Book numbers and other methods of subarrangement Part 1. Elements of typical call numbers:  Part 1. Elements of typical call numbers Call number = class number + book number (or other method of alphabetic subarrangement) Example: 641.5972 .B3433 Call number :  Call number A set of letters, numerals or other symbols (in combination or alone) used by a library to identify a specific copy of a work. A call number consists of the class number and book number (or Cutter number). It may also contain other data such as date, volume number, copy number and location symbol. Class number:  Class number Notation that designates the class to which a given item belongs. Example: 641.5972 Cooking characteristic of Mexico Used for Rick Bayless's Mexican kitchen : capturing the vibrant flavors of a world-class cuisine Book number :  Book number The part of a call number that distinguishes a specific item from other items within the same class number, also called a Cutter number. A book number is composed of letters from the author's name and numbers. Example: .B3433 for Bayless, Rick From OCLC Cutter Four-Figure Table Other method of alphabetic subarrangement:  Other method of alphabetic subarrangement Instead of formal book numbers, many libraries prefer simple methods of alphabetic subarrangement Example: Bay for Bayless, Rick Part 2. Class numbers:  Part 2. Class numbers Broad classification and logical abridgment Building with tables (numbered auxiliary tables) Building with add tables Building with other add notes Broad classification:  Broad classification The classification of works in broad categories by logical abridgment, even when more specific numbers are available, e.g., the use of 641.5 Cooking instead of 641.5972 Mexican cooking for a cookbook of Mexican recipes. Logical abridgment:  Logical abridgment The abridged number is the same as the full number, but shorter The number is abridged at a logical place Abridged edition:  Abridged edition A shortened version of the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system that is a logical truncation of the notational and structural hierarchy of the corresponding full edition on which it is based. The abridged edition is intended for general collections of 20,000 titles or less. Segmentation marks (/ or ‘):  Segmentation marks (/ or ‘) Records from Library of Congress and Library and Archives Canada include segmentation marks in Dewey class numbers These marks show end of abridged number The slash (/) appears in MARC records The prime mark (‘) appears in Cataloging in Publication printed in books Example of segmentation:  Example of segmentation 641.5/6314 The abridged number (641.5) means cooking The full number (641.56314) means cooking for people with diabetes Never include segmentation marks in call numbers Building with tables (numbered auxiliary tables):  Building with tables (numbered auxiliary tables) Numbers from auxiliary tables are never used alone for shelf arrangement They may, however, be used alone in a database for resource discovery Today we won’t be able to cover all six auxiliary tables; we will cover the following tables: Tables to be covered today:  Tables to be covered today Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons Table 1. Standard Subdivisions Table 3A. Subdivisions for Works by or about Individual Authors Table 3B. Subdivisions for Works by or about More than One Author Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons :  Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons The following numbers are never used alone, but may be used as required (either directly when so noted or through the interposition of notation T1—09 from Table 1) with any number from the schedules, e.g., wages (331.29) in Japan (T2—52 in this table): 331.2952 ; railroad transportation (385) in Brazil (T2—81 in this table): 385.0981 641.593-641.599 Cooking characteristic of specific continents, countries, localities:  641.593-641.599 Cooking characteristic of specific continents, countries, localities Add to base number 641.59 notation T2—3-T2—9 from Table 2 , e.g., Southern cooking (United States) 641.5975 T2—75     Southeastern United States (South Atlantic states) Class here southern states 641.59+[T2—]75=641.5975 641.59+[T2—]436=641.59436 (etc.):  641.59+[T2—]436=641.59436 (etc.) 641.59436 Austrian cooking 641.5943613 Cooking of Vienna 641.5944 French cooking 641.59442 Cooking of Normandy 641.59449 Cooking of Provence 641.59+[T2—]45=641.5945 (etc.) :  641.59+[T2—]45=641.5945 (etc.) 641.5945 Italian cooking 641.59455 Cooking of Tuscany 641.59458 Cooking of Sicily 641.595 Asian cooking 641.5951 Chinese cooking 641.5952 Japanese cooking Facet:  Facet Any of the various categories into which a given class may be divided, e.g., division of the class "people" into the categories of ethnicity, age, education and language spoken. Each category contains terms based on a single characteristic of division, e.g., children, adolescents and adults are characteristics of division of the "ages" category. Facet indicator :  Facet indicator A digit used to introduce notation representing a characteristic of the subject. For example, "0" is often used as a facet indicator to introduce standard subdivision concepts. Rule for logical abridgment:  Rule for logical abridgment Never abridge a number so as to leave a “0” or other facet indicator at the end, in the part following the decimal point Dewey numbers may end with “0” before the decimal point Examples: 630 is O.K. 630.90 is not O.K. 630.9 is O.K. Table 1. Standard Subdivisions :  Table 1. Standard Subdivisions The following notation is never used alone, but may be used as required with any regular schedule number, e.g., workbooks (T1—076 in this table) in arithmetic (513): 513.076. When adding to a number from the schedules, always insert a decimal point between the third and fourth digits of the complete number T1—09 Historical, geographic, persons treatment :  T1—09 Historical, geographic, persons treatment T1—092 Persons Biography, autobiography, description and critical appraisal of work, diaries . . . Class here treatment of individuals T1—093-T1—099 Treatment by specific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worlds T1—09 Historical, geographic, persons treatment :  T1—09 Historical, geographic, persons treatment T1—093-T1—099 Treatment by specific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worlds Add to base number T1—09 notation T2—3-T2—9 from Table 2, e.g., the subject in North America T1—097, in Brazil T1—0981 630  Agriculture and related technologies :  630  Agriculture and related technologies Standard subdivisions are added for agriculture and related technologies together, for agriculture alone 630.9     Agriculture—history 630.92        Agricultural workers, farmers 63+[T1—]09+[T2—]4=630.94 (etc.):  63+[T1—]09+[T2—]4=630.94 (etc.) 630.94 Agriculture—Europe 630.9436  Agriculture—Austria 630.94363 Agriculture—Salzburg province 630.944 Agriculture—France 630.94438 Agriculture—Lorraine 630.945 Agriculture—Italy 634.9+[T1—]09=634.909 (etc.):  634.9+[T1—]09=634.909 (etc.) 634.9 Forestry 634.909 Forestry—history 634.9092 Foresters 634.9094 Forestry—Europe 634.909436 Forestry—Austria Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups :  Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups The following numbers are never used alone, but may be used as required (either directly when so noted or through the interposition of notation T1—089 from Table 1) with any number from the schedules, e.g., civil and political rights ( 323.11 ) of Navajo Indians ( T5—9726 in this table): 323.119726 ; ceramic arts ( 738 ) of Jews ( T5—924 in this table): 738.089924 . They may also be used when so noted with numbers from other tables, e.g., notation T2—174 from Table 2 Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups (2) :  Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups (2) Except where instructed otherwise, and unless it is redundant, add 0 to the number from this table and to the result add notation T2—1 or T2—3-T2—9 from Table 2 for area in which a group is or was located, e.g., Germans in Brazil T5—31081 , but Germans in Germany T5—31 ; Jews in Germany or Jews from Germany T5—924043 305.805-305.89 Specific ethnic and national groups :  305.805-305.89 Specific ethnic and national groups Add to base number 305.8 notation T5—05-T5—9 from Table 5, e.g., comprehensive works on Jews 305.8924, Chinese 305.8951, Chinese Australians 305.8951094, Inuit 305.89712 305.8+[T5—]951+0+[T2—]94= 305.8951094 305.8+[T5—]31 (etc.):  305.8+[T5—]31 (etc.) 305.831 Germans 305.835 Swiss 305.836 Austrians 305.841 French 305.851 Italians 305.8+[T5—]41+0+[T2—]494= 305.8410494:  305.8+[T5—]41+0+[T2—]494= 305.8410494 305.835 Swiss 305.836 Austrians 305.841 French 305.8410494 French-speaking Swiss 305.851 Italians 305.8510494 Italian-speaking Swiss 830.1-838  Subdivisions of German literature :  830.1-838  Subdivisions of German literature Add to base number 83 as instructed at beginning of Table 3, e.g., a collection of German literature 830.8 T3B—08  Collections of literary texts in more than one form 83+[T3B—]08=830.8 Table 3B. Subdivisions for Works by or about More than One Author :  Table 3B. Subdivisions for Works by or about More than One Author T3B—08  Collections of literary texts in more than one form T3B—09  History, description, critical appraisal of works in more than one form 830.8 German literature—collections 830.9 German literature—history and criticism 830.1-838  Subdivisions of German literature :  830.1-838  Subdivisions of German literature Add to base number 83 as instructed at beginning of Table 3, e.g., a collection of German literature 830.8 PERIOD TABLE . . . . . 912 1900-1945 914 1945-1990 92 1990- Table 3A. Subdivisions for Works by or about Individual Authors :  Table 3A. Subdivisions for Works by or about Individual Authors T3A—1              Poetry T3A—11-T3A—19      Poetry of specific periods Add to T3A—1 notation from the period table for the specific literature in 810-890, e.g., earliest period T3A—11; do not add standard subdivisions 83+[T3A—]1+912=831.912 (etc.):  83+[T3A—]1+912=831.912 (etc.) Specific literature (German) + specific form (poetry) + literary period (1900-1945) (etc.) 831.912 German poetry—1900-1945 831.914 German poetry—1945-1990 831.92 German poetry—1990- 598 *Aves (Birds) :  598 *Aves (Birds) Class here land birds, ornithology *Add as instructed under 592-599 Add table at 592-599:  Add table at 592-599 592-599  Specific taxonomic groups of animals :  592-599  Specific taxonomic groups of animals Except for modifications shown under specific entries, add to each subdivision identified by * as follows: 1 General topics of natural history of animals Add to base number 1 the numbers following 591 in 591.3-591.7, e.g., beneficial animals 163 598+1+[591.]63=598.163 “1” as facet indicator:  “1” as facet indicator In the add table at 592-599, “1” introduces the facet: General topics of natural history of animals Never abridge a number built using this add table with the facet indicator “1” at the end of the number after the decimal point “1” is also used as facet indicator elsewhere in life sciences (570-590) and in music (780) 598+1+[591.]63=598.163:  598+1+[591.]63=598.163 591 Specific topics in natural history of animals 591.6 Miscellaneous nontaxonomic kinds of animals 591.63 Beneficial animals 598+1+[591.]38=598.138 (etc.):  598+1+[591.]38=598.138 (etc.) 598.138 Birds—evolution 598.139 Baby birds 598.1468 Eggs—birds 598.15 Behavior—birds 598.156 Life cycle—birds 598.1564 Birds' nests 598.1568 Migratory birds 598.176 Aquatic birds 338.4  Secondary industries and services :  338.4  Secondary industries and services 338.47001-338.47999 Subdivisions for products and services Add to base number 338.47 notation 001-999, e.g., gasoline production industry 338.4766553827, tourist industry 338.4791 . . . . 338.47+004=338.47004 (etc.):  338.47+004=338.47004 (etc.) 338.47004 Computer industry 338.47004678 Internet industry 338.470705 Publishing industry 338.47374013  Adult vocational education and training services industry 338.47+6151=338.476151 (etc.):  338.47+6151=338.476151 (etc.) 338.476151 Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) industry 338.476205 Nanotechnology industry 338.47621381 Electronic equipment industry 338.4762382 Shipbuilding industry 338.47+624=338.47624 (etc.):  338.47+624=338.47624 (etc.) 338.47624 Construction industry 338.4764794 Hotel industry 338.4764795 Food services industry 338.4766 Chemical industries 338.476621 Fireworks industry 338.47+664853=338.47664853 (etc.):  338.47+664853=338.47664853 (etc.) 338.47664853 Frozen vegetables industry 338.476649 Meat processing industry 338.4766492 Beef processing industry 338.4766493 Chicken (Meat) processing industry 338.47+666=338.47666 (etc.):  338.47+666=338.47666 (etc.) 338.47666 Ceramics industry 338.476691 Iron industry—metallurgy 338.47669142 Steel industry—metallurgy 338.47674 Lumber industry 338.47674142 Hardwood lumber industry 338.4767483 Composite woods industry Part 3. Book numbers and other methods of subarrangement:  Part 3. Book numbers and other methods of subarrangement All methods of subarrangement are optional and not part of DDC proper Many different methods of subarrangement are used in Dewey libraries In a very few places in the DDC there are instructions for subarrangement—but they are optional Arrange alphabetically:  Arrange alphabetically Rare instruction in DDC Always optional 006.74 Markup languages Arrange alphabetically by name of language, e.g., XML 006.74 .X6 Arrange chronologically:  Arrange chronologically Rare instruction in DDC Optional 796.98 Winter Olympic games Arrange specific games chronologically 796.98 2006 Individual biographies:  Individual biographies Arrange alphabetically by name of biographee Example: biography of forester Emile Grandjean 634.9092 .G764 Double Cuttering:  Double Cuttering If you use Cutter numbers to arrange alphabetically by topic (e.g., name of biographee), you may then add a second Cutter number for the author’s name. As with all forms of subarrangement, double Cuttering is not part of DDC proper Example of double Cuttering:  Example of double Cuttering Biography of forester Emile Grandjean Grandjean : man of the forests By Gordon S. Bowen 634.9092 .G764B6754 Dewey Cutter Program:  Dewey Cutter Program http://www.oclc.org/dewey/support/program/default.htm Free download OCLC Four-Figure Cutter Tables Compatible with Cutter Three-Figure Author Table Compatible with Cutter-Sanborn Three-Figure Author Table Dewey Cutter Program:  Dewey Cutter Program Cutter Four-Figure Table: examples:  Cutter Four-Figure Table: examples Sa565 (Sanders, Margaret) Sch721 (Schreiber, Albert) Sch723 (Schreiber, John) Sch7243 (Schreiber, Nancy) Sch7247 (Schreiber, Robert) Sch725 (Schreiber, William) St835 (Streeter, Joan) Cutter-Sanborn Four-Figure Table: examples:  Cutter-Sanborn Four-Figure Table: examples S2156 (Sanders, Margaret) S3781 (Schreiber, Albert) S3783 (Schreiber, John) S37843 (Schreiber, Nancy) S37845 (Schreiber, Robert) S37847 (Schreiber, William) S9154 (Streeter, Joan) Other methods of alphabetic subarrangement:  Other methods of alphabetic subarrangement Many libraries use all or part of an author’s name for alphabetic subarrangement Example of another method of alphabetic subarrangement:  Example of another method of alphabetic subarrangement Sanders Schreiber, A Schreiber, J Schreiber, N Schreiber, R Schreiber, W Streeter Resources and links (1):  Resources and links (1) ddc-deutsch: http://www.ddc-deutsch.de/ Dewey Cutter Program: http://www.oclc.org/dewey/support/program/default.htm Resources and links (2):  Resources and links (2) Comaromi, John P. Book numbers: a historical study and practical guide to their use. Littleton, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1981 Lehnus, Donald J. Book numbers: history, principles, and application. Chicago: American Library Association, 1980 Resources and links (3):  Resources and links (3) Online DDC Catalogs: http://www.oclc.org/dewey/about/worldwide/default.htm

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