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Dewey

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Information about Dewey
Education

Published on January 24, 2009

Author: JasonSWrench

Source: slideshare.net

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John Dewey (1859-1952) A Pragmatist Chris Tennant Kris Valencic Jason Wrench

 

Indeed, almost the only measure for success is a competitive one, in the bad sense of that term – a comparison of results in the recitation or in the examination to see which child has succeeded in getting ahead of others in storing up, in accumulating, the maximum of information. -- John Dewey ( The School and Social Process )

 

The School building has about it a natural environment. It ought to be in a garden, and the children from the garden would be led on to surrounding fields, and then into the wider country, with all its facts and forces. -- John Dewey

If you simply indulge this interest by letting the child go on indefinitely, here is no growth that is more than accidental. But let the child first express his impulse, and then through criticism, question, and suggestion bring him to consciousness of what he has done, and what he needs to do, and the result is quite different. -- John Dewey

Dewey’s Educational and Philosophical Heritage

Dewey’s Life 1) Born in Vermont in 1859 2) Received his Ph.D. from John Hopkins 3) Father of 3 children 4) Laboratory School at the University of Chicago

Major Writings of Dewey The School and Society (1900) The Child & Curriculum (1902) How We Think (1910) Democracy and Education (1916) Reconstruction in Philosophy (1920) Experience and Nature (1925) Logic: The Theory of Inquiry (1938) Education & Experience (1938)

The School and Society (1900)

The Child & Curriculum (1902)

How We Think (1910)

Democracy and Education (1916)

Reconstruction in Philosophy (1920)

Experience and Nature (1925)

Logic: The Theory of Inquiry (1938)

Education & Experience (1938)

Philosophical Background -- C.S. Pierce (1839-1914) -- William James (1842-1910) PRAGMATISM

Pragmatism Philosophy founded by C.S. Pierce & William James that says the meaning of anything depends on its practical effects.

 

Dewey’s Belief System

What is education? Education is the continual reconstruction of experience.  Others’ experiences may have some value, but our own experiences may differ from someone else’s.  The process of education should be for the student, not the teacher.

Education is the continual reconstruction of experience.

What is important? If we want to prepare students for participation in a Democratic society, we must consider that it is held together because they are working in a common spirit, with common aims. “Democracy is more than a form of government , it is ethical association.”

If we want to prepare students for participation in a Democratic society, we must consider that it is held together because they are working in a common spirit, with common aims.

“Democracy is more than a form of government , it is ethical association.”

Ethics  Justice  Conscientiousness  Temperance  Courage

Industrialization Factories prevalent - assembly line Alienation Dewey related this concept to the classroom. Schools encourage too much competition, and not enough cooperation.

Factories prevalent - assembly line

Alienation

Dewey related this concept to the classroom.

Schools encourage too much competition, and not enough cooperation.

The Classroom The whole student must be educated. Students shouldn’t be told everything. All knowledge is interrelated, so avoid compartmentalizing. When facts are memorized and not interrelated, the process becomes individualized which leads to selfishness.

The whole student must be educated.

Students shouldn’t be told everything.

All knowledge is interrelated, so avoid compartmentalizing.

When facts are memorized and not interrelated, the process becomes individualized which leads to selfishness.

Importance of Learning Teach children the “scientific attitude of the mind” Form positive habits and nurture them. Continual Growth Foster the philosophy of experience.

Teach children the “scientific attitude of the mind”

Form positive habits and nurture them.

Continual Growth

Foster the philosophy of experience.

Curriculum Development According to Dewey

Definition of Curriculum

New vs. Old Curriculum 1) Old Curriculum 2) New Curriculum Processes are Continuous Reconstructive

Processes are Continuous

Reconstructive

Adult’s Minds vs. Children’s Minds

Teachers Should use a Child’s interests when planning curriculum.

Dilemma for Curriculum Construction 1) Nature of Child 2) Nature of Subject 3) Role of Teacher

What we want and need is education pure and simple, and we shall make surer and faster progress when we devote ourselves to finding out just what education is and what conditions have to be satisfied in order that education may be a reality and not a name or a slogan. It is for this reason alone that I have emphasized the need for a sound philosophy of experience. -- John Dewey Experience & Education

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